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Comparative Effect of Chewing Sticks and Toothbrushing on Plaque Removal and Gingival Health

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01336179
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 15, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2011
Information provided by:
Taibah University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the proposed study is to compare the effect of chewing sticks (Miswak) and the toothbrushes on plaque removal and gingival health.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plaque Induced Gingivitis Procedure: Salvadora persica Procedure: Toothbrush Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Dental plaque removal is essential in maintaining oral health. Methods for oral hygiene vary from country to country and from culture to culture. The use of a wood stick (miswak or chewing stick) for brushing the teeth is considered an important tool for oral hygiene care in many Afro-Asian communities. The aim of the study is to compare the effect of the chewing stick (miswak), and toothbrushing on plaque removal and gingival health. The participants comprise 18 healthy Saudi Arabian male volunteers aged 21 to 30 years, at Taibah University in Saudi Arabia. The study was designed as a single, blind, randomized split-mouth study. Professional tooth cleaning was conducted, and after six weeks use of either the miswak or toothbrush on each quadrant, modified plaque and gingival indices, were recorded.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Efficacy of the Miswak Chewing Sticks (Salvadora Persica)on Plaque Removal and Gingival Health: Randomised Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : March 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Miswak, dental plaque and gingivitis Procedure: Salvadora persica
twice daily use, two minutes interval

Active Comparator: Toothbrush, dental plaque and gingivitis Procedure: Toothbrush
Twice daily use two minutes interval

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Miswak is useful for removing plaque and preventing gingivitis [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Miswak will be compared to toothbrush as a mechanical plaque control device, by calculating plaque index and gingival index scores for participants after 6 weeks of use.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy individuals
  • presence of at least 14 teeth

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects on medications (antiinflammatory or antibiotics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01336179

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Saudi Arabia
Faculty of Dentistry Taibah University
Almadinah, Saudi Arabia, 04
Sponsors and Collaborators
Taibah University
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Principal Investigator: Tareq AS Abu Saleh, MSc, MRD Assistant professor in Periodontics, Taibah University
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Responsible Party: Dr Tareq Abu Saleh, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Taibah University Identifier: NCT01336179    
Other Study ID Numbers: UTFD201127021
First Posted: April 15, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2011
Last Verified: April 2011
Keywords provided by Taibah University:
dental plaque
oral hygiene
chewing sticks
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gingival Diseases
Periodontal Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases