A Novel Diet-Phenotype Interaction Affecting Body Weight (FRESH Start)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01303757
Recruitment Status :
First Posted : February 25, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2016
Boston Children’s Hospital
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David S. Ludwig, MD, PhD, Boston Children’s Hospital
The primary aim of the study is to examine insulin secretion as an effect modifier of the efficacy of a low-fat vs. low-glycemic load diet for weight loss among overweight/obese young adults in an 18-month, prospectively stratified, multi-center randomized controlled trial.
Condition or disease
Behavioral: Dietary counselling
In recent years, diets of widely varying composition have been used in the treatment of obesity. While none of these diets has produced consistent, long-term weight loss, some individuals on virtually all types of diets do remarkably well. One explanation for this variation among individuals is differences in motivation and behavior. However, underlying biological differences may also play an important role. Previous work has identified insulin secretion (as quantified by serum insulin concentration at 30 minutes following a standard 75-gram oral glucose load) as an important biological determinant. This randomized-controlled, multi-center trial aims to test the hypothesis that insulin secretion will predict which type of diet will work best for each individual. A total of 160 obese young adults (18 to 40 years) will be assigned to one of two diets: low-fat (60% carbohydrate, 20% fat, 20% protein) or low-glycemic load (45% carbohydrate, 35% fat, 20% protein). Participants will be enrolled at two sites (Children's Hospital Boston or University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill) and assigned to diet groups according to baseline insulin secretion status. The protocol will include an intensive 6-month intervention period and a 12-month follow-up period. Registered dietitians will provide nutrition education and behavioral counseling during group workshops and scheduled telephone calls. In an effort to avoid confounding, close attention will be paid to control for treatment intensity, physical activity prescriptions, and behavioral methods between groups. The primary endpoint will be percent body fat by DXA scan. Secondary endpoints will include cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors. Repeated, 24-hour dietary and physical activity recall interviews will provide process data. Metabolomic profiling and molecular analysis of identified metabolites will be conducted to characterize phenotype and explore potential physiological mechanisms. A successful outcome of this work will inform the practice of "personalized" nutritional therapy, enhancing the ability to select the most efficacious weight loss diet for an individual based on underlying biological differences.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 40 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Aged 18 to 40 years.
Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m2.
Body weight ≤ 300 lb.
Access to a working telephone.
Clearance in writing from a primary care provider (i.e., physician or nurse practitioner) to rule out pre-existing medical conditions.
Willing and able to attend group workshops (for dietary intervention) on specified evenings.
Physician diagnosis of a major medical illness or eating disorder.
Chronic use of any medication that may affect study outcomes (e.g., insulin-sensitizing agents).
Current smoking (i.e., 1 cigarette in the past week).
Physical, mental, or cognitive handicaps that prevent participation.
Another member of the family (i.e., first degree relative) or household participating in the study.
Planning to relocate from current area of residence during the proposed timeframe for study participation.
If female, planning to become pregnant during the 18 months of the study.