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Study of Gemcitabine and Abraxane to Treat Potentially Operable Pancreatic Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01298011
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 17, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2015
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pancreatic Cancer Research Team

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this research study is to evaluate whether Abraxane and gemcitabine are effective in treating patients with operable pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Resectable Pancreatic Cancer Drug: Gemcitabine and Abraxane Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The best outcome for a patient diagnosed with pancreatic cancer is surgery. However many patients have recurrence of the cancer after successful surgery. The investigators are evaluating chemotherapy before surgery, which is a new approach.

In this study, Abraxane and gemcitabine will be tested as treatment for people with operable pancreatic cancer to see if surgery can be successfully performed and if treatment will reduce cancer cells in the tumor at surgery.

Abraxane is approved by the US FDA for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer after failure of combination chemotherapy for metastatic disease or relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Gemcitabine is approved by the FDA for first line treatment for patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancer of the pancreas.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Phase II Multi Center Study of Gemcitabine and Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) as Preoperative Therapy for Potentially Operable Pancreatic Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Gemcitabine & Abraxane Pancreatic Cancer Drug: Gemcitabine and Abraxane
3 treatments for gemcitabine and abraxane every 28-days for 3 months, prior to surgery.
Other Names:
  • nab-paclitaxel
  • gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Grade III/IV histological response in tumor specimen rate after induction therapy. [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with adverse events. [ Time Frame: From the initial dose of study drug up to 28 days after last dose of study drug. ]
  2. Tumor response rate to therapy. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
    Pre and post therapy radiological assessments of the primary tumor will be compared using RECIST criteria.

  3. Change in CA 19-9 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of each cycle, and end of therapy. ]
    Baseline CA19-9 and subsequent levels will be compared.

  4. Resection rate at surgery [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]
    The number of patients who have R0 and R1 surgery will be compiled.

  5. Time to recurrence [ Time Frame: Time from first dose of study drug to date of first documented progression or date of death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 60 months. ]
  6. SPARC protein expression in tumor [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]
  7. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from the first dose of study drug until date of death from any cause, up to 60 months. ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has histologically or cytologically confirmed potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Patients with islet cell neoplasms are excluded.

    Definition of potentially operable disease

    1. Staging by high-quality, pancreatic protocol, helical abdominal computed tomography required (Endoscopic ultrasound is not required).
    2. No extension to superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and hepatic artery.
    3. Clear fat plane between the SMA and celiac axis.
    4. No extension to celiac axis and hepatic artery.
    5. Patent superior mesenteric vein and portal vein.
    6. No evidence of distant or extra-hepatic disease by CT scans.
    7. Pretreatment histological or cytological confirmation of an adenocarcinoma.
  2. Male or non-pregnant and non-lactating female, and ≥ 18 years of age.
  3. If a female patient is of child-bearing potential, she must have a negative serum pregnancy test (β hCG) documented within 72 hours of the first administration of study drug.
  4. If sexually active, the patient must agree to use contraception considered adequate and appropriate by the Investigator.
  5. Patient must have received no prior chemotherapy or radiation for pancreatic cancer and no exposure to gemcitabine and/or Abraxane
  6. Patient has the following blood counts at baseline:

    1. ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L (1500 /mm³);
    2. Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L; (100,000/mm³);
    3. Hgb ≥ 10 g/dL.
  7. Patient has the following blood chemistry levels at baseline:

    1. AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN);
    2. Alkaline phosphatase (AP) ≤ 2.5 X ULN;
    3. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 mg/dl;
    4. Serum creatinine ≤1.5mg/dl or calculated clearance ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m² for patients with serum creatinine levels >1.5 mg/dl.
  8. Patient has acceptable coagulation status as indicated by a PT within normal limits (±15%) and PTT within normal limits (± 15%).
  9. Patient has an ECOG performance status PS 0-1.
  10. Patient has been informed about the nature of the study, and has agreed to participate in the study, and signed the Informed Consent Form prior to participation in any study-related activities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has borderline resectable disease
  2. Patient uses therapeutic coumadin for a history of pulmonary emboli or DVT.
  3. Patient has active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection(s) requiring systemic therapy.
  4. Patient has known infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  5. Patient has undergone major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery (i.e.--surgery done to obtain a biopsy for diagnosis without removal of an organ), within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 of treatment in this study.
  6. Prior chemotherapy or radiation for pancreatic cancer. Prior exposure to gemcitabine and/or Abraxane.
  7. Patient has a history of allergy or hypersensitivity to the study drugs.
  8. Patient has serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems such that the Investigator considers it unsafe for the patient to receive an experimental research drug.
  9. Patient is unwilling or unable to comply with study procedures.
  10. Patient is enrolled in any other therapeutic clinical protocol or investigational trial.
  11. Patient has metastatic disease on radiological staging.
  12. Patients aged ≥ 80 are not excluded. As two events of fatal sepsis have been seen in this group in other studies, candidates in this age group should be thoroughly evaluated before enrollment in the study, to ensure they are fit to receive chemotherapy. In addition to meeting all of the baseline patient selection criteria, clinical judgment on their susceptibility to infection and expected stability of their performance status as to receive repeat weekly chemotherapy cycles, should be paid special attention to. Patients should not be enrolled in the study should there be any hesitation on any of these considerations. Baseline criteria for all patients enrolled on the study must be carefully evaluated and all criteria followed appropriately.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01298011

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United States, Arizona
TGen Clinical Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85258
United States, Michigan
St Mary's / Trinity Health Care
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49505
United States, Minnesota
Virginia Piper Cancer Institute
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55408
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburg Medical Center
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, United States, 19047
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pancreatic Cancer Research Team
Celgene Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Ramesh K. Ramanathan, MD TGen Drug Development
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Responsible Party: Pancreatic Cancer Research Team
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01298011    
Other Study ID Numbers: PCRT 10-001
First Posted: February 17, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015
Keywords provided by Pancreatic Cancer Research Team:
Pancreatic Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs