COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Bevacizumab With Etoposide and Cisplatin in Breast Cancer Patients With Brain and/or Leptomeningeal Metastasis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01281696
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 24, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2013
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of bevacizumab, etoposide and cisplatin in treating breast cancer patients with central nervous system metastasis (including brain parenchymal and leptomeningeal metastasis).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Neoplasms Leptomeningeal Metastasis Brain Metastases Drug: Bevacizumab, etoposide, cisplatin Drug: Intrathecal methotrexate Phase 2

Show Show detailed description

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Bevacizumab With Etoposide and Cisplatin in Breast Cancer Patients With Brain and/or Leptomeningeal Metastasis
Study Start Date : January 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bevacizumab, etoposide, cisplatin (BEEP) Drug: Bevacizumab, etoposide, cisplatin
Bevacizumab (15mg/kg) on D1, etoposide (70mg/m2) on D2-D4, cisplatin (70mg/m2) on D2; 21 days a cycle, for a maximum of 6 cycles
Other Name: Bevacizumab (Avastin)

Drug: Intrathecal methotrexate
Additional intrathecal methotrexate only given in patients with leptomeningeal metastasis
Other Name: Methotrexate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate of central nervous system (CNS) metastasis [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    The response criteria for brain parenchymal metastasis is measured according to the volumetric response criteria with modification. CNS lesion(s) which have a ≧ 50% volumetric reduction of in the absence of progressive neurologic signs and symptoms will be considered as responsive.

    The response criteria for leptomeningeal metastasis is defined as disappearance of carcinoma cells of three consecutive cytology examination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after chemotherapy. For patients with both brain and leptomeningeal metastases, both criteria need to be met to be considered as responsive.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: Baseline to until one month after last course of chemotherapy protocol treatment ]
    To observe the toxicity profile of B-EP according to CTCAE 3.0

  2. To evaluate the response rate of breast cancer patients with brain parenchymal metastasis after receiving B-EP [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To use volumetric measurement by subtraction image of CT the tumor before and after contrast enhancement; assessed every 9 weeks until best response measured

  3. To evaluate the response rate of breast cancer patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis after receiving B-EP [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    A response is defined as the CSF cytology examination turns from positive to negative. A confirmed response is defined as CSF cytology examination remains negative for two or three consecutive tests

  4. To evaluate the response rate of extra-CNS lesions according to RECIST [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To evaluate the response rate of extra-CNS lesions according to RECIST. Measure every 9 weeks until best response recorded

  5. Vascular activity of brain metastatic tumors after bevacizumab treatment [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    vascular activity detected with dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), measured before treatment, 24 hours after bevacizumab administration and end of 1st cycle of B-EP

  6. Biomarkers in CSF and serum in patients with brain and/or leptomeningeal metastasis receiving B-EP [ Time Frame: Before the start of treatment till the end of treatment (after 6 cycles or progression) ]
    Prognostic and predictive value of biomarkers in CSF or serum. Serum will be drawn before treatment, end of cycle one and end of 6 cycles of treatment or time of progression

  7. Drug concentrations of etoposide and cisplatin [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Drug concentrations of bevacizumab, etoposide in CSF, blood and CSF/blood ratio before and after B-EP treatment in cycle one and cycle two

  8. Association between response of CNS metastasis and the history of prior exposure to cisplatin [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To evaluate the response rate and duration of response of CNS metastasis regarding to prior exposure to cisplatin

  9. Proton MR spectroscopy of metastatic brain tumor before and after B-EP treatment [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    To evaluate the characteristics of 1H-MRS of metastatic brain tumor before and after B-EP treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A histological confirmed invasive breast cancer
  2. Patient with at least one measurable brain metastatic tumor (≧10mm on T1-weighted gadolinium enhanced MRI or contrast-enhanced CT) or leptomeningeal metastasis with positive CSF cytology study.
  3. Patient whose brain parenchymal metastatic tumors either progress after WBRT, develop new lesions after WBRT, or CNS metastatic tumor do not response to WBRT according to image study 3 months after treatment. Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis does not necessarily need whole brain radiotherapy before enrollment.
  4. Patients with Her2/neu overexpression or amplification will be allowed but will be informed about other available treatment options such as lapatinib plus capecitabine.
  5. Patients must have adequate organ and marrow reserve measured within 14 days prior to randomization as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≧1,000/mcL
    • Platelets ≧75,000/mcL
    • Total bilirubin ≦ 1.5 X upper normal limit
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≦ 2.5 X upper normal limit; for patients with liver metastases AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≦ 5 X is allowed
    • Serum creatinine ≦ upper normal limit or creatinine clearance ≧50ml/min
    • Hemoglobin≧8.0 gm/dL
    • PTT ≦ upper normal limit; INR ≦ 1.5
    • Proteinuria ≤ 1+, if > 1+, urine protein must be ≦ 1 g/24 hours
  6. Patient age 18 to 75 years
  7. Patient's life expectancy is more than 2 months
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0, 1, 2 or 3
  9. All women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test obtained within 72 hours before starting therapy
  10. Patients with reproductive potential must use effective contraception (hormone or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 2 months after the completion of therapy
  11. Patients (or a surrogate) must be able to comply with study procedures and sign informed consent

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Prior therapy with bevacizumab, sorafenib, sunitinib, or other VEGF pathway-targeted therapy
  2. Patients whose CNS metastasis progressed or developed during prior cisplatin treatment
  3. History or evidence of inherited bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy with the risk of bleeding
  4. History of thrombotic disorders
  5. Active gastrointestinal bleeding
  6. Patients with a history of self-reported intra-cranial hemorrhage
  7. Patients with clinical signs or symptoms of gastrointestinal obstruction and who require parenteral hydration and/or nutrition because of obstruction
  8. History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months of first dose of bevacizumab
  9. Clinically significant peripheral artery disease
  10. Arterial thromboembolic event within the past 6 months, including transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction
  11. History of gross hemoptysis (i.e. ≥ 1 teaspoon of bright red blood)
  12. Other malignancy within 5 years except cured basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  13. Psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  14. Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  15. Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to enrollment
  16. Prior minor surgery or needle biopsies within 7 days
  17. Concurrent chronic daily aspirin (> 325 mg/day), dipyridamole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, cilostazol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents known to inhibit platelet function
  18. Concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation, but prophylactic anti-coagulation of venous access devices is allowed
  19. History of allergic reaction to compounds of similar chemical composition to the study drugs
  20. Pregnancy or lactation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01281696

Layout table for location information
Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei City, Taiwan, 100
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Yen-Shen Lu, MD, PhD Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT01281696    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201010077M
First Posted: January 24, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 16, 2013
Last Verified: October 2013
Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
Breast cancer
CNS metastasis
Brain metastasis
Leptomeningeal metastasis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Meningeal Carcinomatosis
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Meningeal Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action