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Person- Centred Care Among Nursing Home Patients With Dementia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01280890
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 21, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2012
The Research Council of Norway
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Norwegian Centre for Ageing and Health

Brief Summary:
Dementia is a common and devastating disease in the elderly. No cure exist and there is an increasing need for care. To improve knowledge on how to provide better care for the patients with dementia in nursing homes, the investigators will carry out a controlled trial using two forms of education and developmental interventions towards the nursing home care staff: a structured framework (VIPS) and dementia care mapping (DCM)to develop person-centred care in a 10 months randomised controlled study. In accordance with the knowledge found in the literature the investigators hypothesize that both VIPS framework and DCM will be more effective than a traditional educational program about dementia provided to the staff in nursing homes. The positive effects will be seen as reduced agitation in patients, less use of psychotropic drugs and improved quality of life. Using VIPS framework and DCM will also have a better effect on staffs' well-being than traditional education in dementia. The aim of the study is to confirm or reject these hypotheses.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Agitation Behavioral: Staff training using VIPS Behavioral: Staff training using DCM Behavioral: Control group Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This is a controlled intervention trial with three groups of staff recruited from 15 nursing homes in the city of Oslo. The intervention will be carried out over 10 months. Randomization will be done at institutional level. Before randomization all patients in the participating nursing homes should be screened for dementia. This will be done by interviewing the registered nurses in the nursing homes using the Clinical dementia rating scale (CDR), Neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI-Q), Cornell scale for depression in dementia (CSDD). In addition information from the records will be used. Diagnosis of dementia will be made according to ICD-10 criteria, using a diagnostic algorithm that is evaluated in an ongoing nursing home study.

The nursing homes will be randomized in tree groups. Group A - Applying the VIPS- framework to develop Person Centred Care (PCC) and milieu therapy. The staff will be introduced to the model for applying the VIPS-framework to promote PCC in the daily care. A manual including films with information and examples will be distributed to all staff. Two auxiliary nurses are appointed as resource persons (RP) from each ward and one registered nurse (RN) from each nursing home will be trained as coach. The RPs and the leading registered nurse (RN) will plan and lead weekly consensus meetings with the staff in the ward using the VIPS-framework in discussions of concrete care situations. The researches will receive monthly written standard reports on attendance and contents of the consensus meetings from the RPs and can be contacted for support when necessary.

Group B - using Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) developing Person Centred Care and milieu therapy All staff and leaders in the nursing home will be introduced to the DCM- process in a presentation of the method and person centred care as a value base for DCM. A group of 3-5 staff members from each nursing home will be trained as DCM basic users. Dementia Care Mappings (4-6 hours) will be made in each unit in the nursing homes and feed-back (1, 5 hours) will be given to the staff within a week after the mapping. Based on the findings and the reflections in the feed-back session, action plans on how to develop care to selected patients and/or to the group of patients, will be created in the units. The project leader will be responsible for the introduction, mapping and feed-back sessions and give the necessary supervision to create action plans. The leaders and staff in the nursing home units will be responsible for the implementation of the changes to develop practice.The DCM-process will be repeated after 6-8 months

Group C (control group) - traditional education Lectures made as 5 DVD films lasting for 30 minutes, will be given to the nursing home staff on three themes: types of dementia, legal aspects of use of restraints and challenging behavior

The staff in group A and B will receive the same lectures as the staff in the control group.

Effect will be measured on patient and staff level, and measurements will be done at baseline and after 10 months of intervention. Data will be collected by research assistants, who will not take part in the three different intervention programs and not be employed by the nursing homes that are included in the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 624 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Person-centred Care and Dementia Care Mapping Among Nursing Home Patients - a 10 Months Randomised Controlled Intervention Study
Study Start Date : February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Staff training using VIPS framework
The staff will be trained to give person-centred care using the VIPS framework
Behavioral: Staff training using VIPS
Staff training using the VIPS framework
Other Names:
  • Person-centred care
  • Dementia care

Experimental: Staff training using DCM
Staff will be supervised in how to give person-centred care using Dementia Care Mapping
Behavioral: Staff training using DCM
The staff will be supervised using Dementia Care Mapping
Other Names:
  • Person-centred Care
  • dementia Care

Placebo Comparator: Control group
Traditional lectures using films will be given to care staff
Behavioral: Control group
Filmed traditional Lectures will be given to care staff
Other Name: Staff training

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in agitation at 10 months from baseline using Brief Agitation Rating Scale [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
    Brief Agitation Rating Scale (BARS)will be used to measure change in agitation from basline to end of intervention after 10 months

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-Q) [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
  2. Cornell scale for depression in dementia [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
  3. Quality of life in Alzheimer's Disease (QUALID) [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
  4. Use of psychotropic drugs [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
    collected from the patients' records

  5. Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
  6. Lawton maintenance scale [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
    Measures function in activities of daily living

  7. Person-centred Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) [ Time Frame: after 10 months ]
  8. QPSNordic [ Time Frame: After 10 months ]
    A scale developed to measure psychological and social factors in working life

  9. Stress of Conscience Questionaire (SCQ) [ Time Frame: After10 months ]
    Assessing stressful situations experienced by staff and the degree to which they trouble the conscience

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Persons with dementia living in nursing homes
  • A score of 1,2 or 3 on the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR)
  • The nursing staff in the wards where the patients are

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Result from the inclusion criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01280890

Sponsors and Collaborators
Norwegian Centre for Ageing and Health
The Research Council of Norway
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Principal Investigator: Knut Engedal, Norwegian Centre for Ageing and Health
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Responsible Party: Norwegian Centre for Ageing and Health Identifier: NCT01280890    
Other Study ID Numbers: PCCNor
196326/V50 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: The Research Counsil of Norway )
First Posted: January 21, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012
Keywords provided by Norwegian Centre for Ageing and Health:
Nursing home
Person-centred Care
Staff training
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders