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DICER1-related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome: A Natural History Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01247597
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 24, 2010
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare fast-growing lung tumor that is associated with other, rare tumor types. Most cases of PPB appear in children younger than 6 years of age. Recently, it has been shown that this condition can be inherited (e.g., mutation of the DICER1 gene). Researchers are studying both clinical and genetic aspects of this newly described condition. They are interested in collecting further medical history and genetic information on individuals and close relatives of individuals who have PPB or other rare associated tumors.

Objectives:

- To study individuals with a personal or a family history of pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) or other rare tumors that can be associated with PPB (e.g., cystic nephroma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma).

Eligibility:

  • Individuals who have been diagnosed with PPB and/or PPB-related tumors.
  • Close blood relatives (e.g., parents, siblings, grandparents) of individuals who have been diagnosed with PPB and/or PPB-related tumors.

Design:

  • Interested participants can enroll or inquire about this study by calling 1-800-518-8474.
  • Participants will be asked to complete family history and medical history questionnaires. They will complete the questionnaire if they are at least 18 years of age, or another person will complete the questionnaire if the key family member is too young to do so on his or her own.
  • Participants will be asked to sign a medical record release form to allow researchers to examine detailed medical history information.
  • Participants may be asked to have a physical examination and imaging studies, provide blood and saliva samples, or provide tumor tissue from prior biopsies or cancer surgeries.
  • Annually, participants will update the family history and individual information questionnaires to document important changes in medical history, and will also update the medical record release form. Participants may be asked to provide additional cheek lining cells and/or blood samples, as well as tumor tissue from any new or planned biopsies or tumor surgeries.
  • Treatment will not be provided as part of this protocol.

Condition or disease
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cystic Nephroma Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumors Ocular Medulloepithelioma Nasal Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1500 participants
Observational Model: Family-Based
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: DICER1-Related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome: A Natural History Study
Actual Study Start Date : February 13, 2011


Group/Cohort
Controls
People without pathogenic DICER1 germline variation
DICER1 (cases)
People with pathogenic DICER1 germline variation or history of DICER1-associated tumors



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Phenotype [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To characterize the clinical phenotype of, and study the incident and prevalent cancer rates in, these patients and their family members, for all cancers combined, and for each type of cancer, and to identify and confirm the specific types of cancer and benign neoplasms associated with this disorder.

  2. DICER1-Related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To establish a cohort of patients with PPB and/or specific neoplasms of the PPB spectrum (cystic nephroma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell and other sex cord-stromal tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma, Wilms tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, pineoblastoma, others to be defined), in order to determine the frequency of DICER1 germline mutations in these patients and their family members. This will also allow us to identify DICER1 mutation-negative patients who will be crucial for future gene discovery efforts.

  3. Genetic & Environmental Interactions [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To identify differences between patients with a germline mutation in DICER1 (or another gene(s) from this pathway) who do develop cancer and those who do not develop cancer. These differences may include genotype/phenotype/cancer susceptibility differences, modifier genes (gene-gene interactions) and environmental risk factors (gene-environment interactions). The latter two may be informative for modification of cancer risk in the general population.

  4. Management Guidelines & Risk-reduction Strategies [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To develop evidence-based management guidelines for cancer prevention and risk-reduction strategies for PPB patients and their family members prior to and after obtaining answers to the questions/objectives above.

  5. Psychosocial and Behavioral Issues [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To evaluate various parameters related to psychosocial and behavioral issues resulting from being a member of a family at increased risk of PPB.

  6. Biospecimen Repository [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    To create a biospecimen repository of carefully-annotated tissue samples for use in subsequent etiologically-oriented translational research projects. These samples comprise an invaluable resource for current and future studies related to the etiology of, and outcomes following, the various neoplasms that are now known, or later found to be, part of the PPB syndrome.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Non-tumor phenotypes [ Time Frame: On-going ]
    Secondary endpoints will include characterization of other known or suspected DICER1-related non-tumor health issues such as dysmorphic features, thyroiditis, dental problems, dysmorphology, ophthalmologic abnormalities and pneumothorax. Characterization of individuals and families with DICER1-related non-tumor phenotypes permits identification of people at risk.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
A cohort of patients with PPB and/or specific neoplasms of the PPB spectrum (cystic nephroma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell and other sex cord-stromal tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma, Wilms tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, pineoblastoma, others to be defined)
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

All patients who meet the eligibility criteria outlined below will be eligible for inclusion in this study regardless of their race, gender, ethnicity, or age.

  • Affected individual is defined as:

    • an individual with histologically-confirmed PPB and/or other DICER1-related tumors
    • an individual with a known or suspected DICER1 disease-associated variant
    • an individual from the general population with one or more of the unique tumors of the types associated with DICER1 including (but not exclusively), PPB, cystic nephroma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell and other sex cord-stromal tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, Wilms tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, pineoblastoma, pituitary blastoma, ovarian sarcoma, CNS sarcoma and/or thyroid cancer - regardless of their family history. Additional DICER1-related neoplasms may be identified in the future, and they will be added to the protocol as needed.
  • Unaffected individual is defined as:

    • a family member (such as parents, siblings, children, or extended family) of an affected participant without a known or suspected DICER1 disease-associated variant or condition and they will be controls.

Other inclusion criteria include:

  • All types and amounts of prior therapies are allowed.
  • There is no age restriction.
  • There is no restriction related to organ and marrow function.
  • Ability of the individual or their guardian or appropriate surrogate to understand, and their willingness to provide informed consent.

Neonates of affected individuals will be included in the Field Cohort and be eligible for genetic counseling, education, and testing, if indicated and consented by a parent/guardian/LAR.

This is entirely a function of meeting the inclusion criteria and not being excluded by the exclusion criteria.

In some instances, patients with histologically-confirmed PPB and/or another neoplasm within the DICER1-related tumor risk and their families will be referred to the Clinical Genetics Branch (CGB) by the International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB) / DICER1 Registry (IPPBR), provided that the family has previously or currently indicated a desire to be notified of such research opportunities. In non IPPBR-cases, the diagnosis will be confirmed by reviewing relevant medical records and relevant surgical pathology material.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Individuals and families referred for evaluation in whom reported diagnoses are not verifiable.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01247597


Contacts
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Contact: Stephanie M Steinbart, R.N. (800) 518-8474 stephanie.steinbart@nih.gov
Contact: Douglas R Stewart, M.D. (240) 276-7238 drstewart@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    (888) NCI-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Douglas R Stewart, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01247597    
Other Study ID Numbers: 110034
11-C-0034
First Posted: November 24, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2021
Last Verified: August 25, 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Thyroid Cancer
Germline DICER1 Mutation
MicroRNA Biogenesis
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
PPB
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hamartoma
Pulmonary Blastoma
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Leydig Cell Tumor
Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor
Disease Susceptibility
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Gonadal Tissue
Testicular Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Testicular Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Ovarian Neoplasms