DICER1-related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome: A Natural History Study
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01247597|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 24, 2010
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2021
- Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare fast-growing lung tumor that is associated with other, rare tumor types. Most cases of PPB appear in children younger than 6 years of age. Recently, it has been shown that this condition can be inherited (e.g., mutation of the DICER1 gene). Researchers are studying both clinical and genetic aspects of this newly described condition. They are interested in collecting further medical history and genetic information on individuals and close relatives of individuals who have PPB or other rare associated tumors.
- To study individuals with a personal or a family history of pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) or other rare tumors that can be associated with PPB (e.g., cystic nephroma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma).
- Individuals who have been diagnosed with PPB and/or PPB-related tumors.
- Close blood relatives (e.g., parents, siblings, grandparents) of individuals who have been diagnosed with PPB and/or PPB-related tumors.
- Interested participants can enroll or inquire about this study by calling 1-800-518-8474.
- Participants will be asked to complete family history and medical history questionnaires. They will complete the questionnaire if they are at least 18 years of age, or another person will complete the questionnaire if the key family member is too young to do so on his or her own.
- Participants will be asked to sign a medical record release form to allow researchers to examine detailed medical history information.
- Participants may be asked to have a physical examination and imaging studies, provide blood and saliva samples, or provide tumor tissue from prior biopsies or cancer surgeries.
- Annually, participants will update the family history and individual information questionnaires to document important changes in medical history, and will also update the medical record release form. Participants may be asked to provide additional cheek lining cells and/or blood samples, as well as tumor tissue from any new or planned biopsies or tumor surgeries.
- Treatment will not be provided as part of this protocol.
|Condition or disease|
|Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cystic Nephroma Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumors Ocular Medulloepithelioma Nasal Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1500 participants|
|Official Title:||DICER1-Related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome: A Natural History Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 13, 2011|
People without pathogenic DICER1 germline variation
People with pathogenic DICER1 germline variation or history of DICER1-associated tumors
- Clinical Phenotype [ Time Frame: On-going ]To characterize the clinical phenotype of, and study the incident and prevalent cancer rates in, these patients and their family members, for all cancers combined, and for each type of cancer, and to identify and confirm the specific types of cancer and benign neoplasms associated with this disorder.
- DICER1-Related Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Cancer Predisposition Syndrome [ Time Frame: On-going ]To establish a cohort of patients with PPB and/or specific neoplasms of the PPB spectrum (cystic nephroma, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell and other sex cord-stromal tumors, ocular medulloepithelioma, Wilms tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, pineoblastoma, others to be defined), in order to determine the frequency of DICER1 germline mutations in these patients and their family members. This will also allow us to identify DICER1 mutation-negative patients who will be crucial for future gene discovery efforts.
- Genetic & Environmental Interactions [ Time Frame: On-going ]To identify differences between patients with a germline mutation in DICER1 (or another gene(s) from this pathway) who do develop cancer and those who do not develop cancer. These differences may include genotype/phenotype/cancer susceptibility differences, modifier genes (gene-gene interactions) and environmental risk factors (gene-environment interactions). The latter two may be informative for modification of cancer risk in the general population.
- Management Guidelines & Risk-reduction Strategies [ Time Frame: On-going ]To develop evidence-based management guidelines for cancer prevention and risk-reduction strategies for PPB patients and their family members prior to and after obtaining answers to the questions/objectives above.
- Psychosocial and Behavioral Issues [ Time Frame: On-going ]To evaluate various parameters related to psychosocial and behavioral issues resulting from being a member of a family at increased risk of PPB.
- Biospecimen Repository [ Time Frame: On-going ]To create a biospecimen repository of carefully-annotated tissue samples for use in subsequent etiologically-oriented translational research projects. These samples comprise an invaluable resource for current and future studies related to the etiology of, and outcomes following, the various neoplasms that are now known, or later found to be, part of the PPB syndrome.
- Non-tumor phenotypes [ Time Frame: On-going ]Secondary endpoints will include characterization of other known or suspected DICER1-related non-tumor health issues such as dysmorphic features, thyroiditis, dental problems, dysmorphology, ophthalmologic abnormalities and pneumothorax. Characterization of individuals and families with DICER1-related non-tumor phenotypes permits identification of people at risk.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01247597
|Contact: Stephanie M Steinbart, R.N.||(800) email@example.com|
|Contact: Douglas R Stewart, M.D.||(240) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office (888) NCI-1937|
|Principal Investigator:||Douglas R Stewart, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|