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Combination Immunotherapy and Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Myeloma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01245673
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 22, 2010
Results First Posted : March 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:
One purpose of this study is to find out if a new combination of immune system treatments (MAGE-A3 vaccine plus activated T-cells) will allow the body to build up protection ("immunity") against the myeloma cells. A second purpose is to find out how well this combination of immune system treatments is able to control the myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myeloma Biological: Prevnar- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) Other: Activated/costimulated autologous T-cell Drug: Revlamid® (Lenalidomide) Biological: MAGE-A3/GM-GSF, Hiltonol® (Poly-ICLC) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) can lead to a complete or partial disappearance of the myeloma in about 2 out of 3 patients. However, an ASCT only sometimes leads to a cure of the myeloma. In about half the patients the myeloma comes back after about 1-2 years. In about 90% of patients it comes back by about 10 years after transplant.

One possible way to improve upon the results of ASCT for myeloma is to help the body's defense or immune system recover faster after transplant. Another way is to teach the body's immune system to fight against the myeloma cells.

In two earlier research studies which included more than 100 patients, certain types of immune cells called "T cells" or "T lymphocytes" were taken out of a patient's body using a procedure called "apheresis". These cells were then grown up in the lab. After the transplant, these T cells were put back into the patients. The replaced T cells helped the patients'immune systems to recover faster after the transplant. In addition, when the T cells were given back to patients they also received a vaccination. The vaccination or injection was for a certain type of pneumonia germ called "pneumococcus". We found that most patients built up protection against this pneumonia-causing germ. In another study, we used a possible myeloma cancer vaccine. However, we found that less than half the patients responded to this vaccine.

In this new study, we want to test a different type of myeloma cancer vaccine. This different cancer vaccine is based on a protein called MAGE-A3. The MAGE-A3 protein is found in about 50% of cases of myeloma. This vaccine consists of small pieces of protein (called "peptides") which come from the MAGE-A3 protein. In order to help the immune system respond better we will add two new steps. First we will add an immune system stimulant called "Hiltonol®" to each vaccination. Hiltonol® is a chemical substance that turns on several parts of the immune system. It may make the immune system better able to respond to the vaccine. It has been tested in several hundred patients and has been used with about a dozen different types of cancer and germ vaccines. Second, starting about 100 days after the transplant procedure, patients will get a medicine called Lenalidomide. Lenalidomide is already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of myeloma. In this study, we want to know whether Lenalidomide could help to improve the body's ability to respond to the vaccinations and help to treat the myeloma itself.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Combination Immunotherapy After ASCT for Advanced Myeloma to Study MAGE-A3 Immunizations With Hiltonol® (Poly-ICLC) Plus Transfer of Vaccine-Primed Autologous T Cells Followed by Lenalidomide Maintenance
Actual Study Start Date : May 10, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Prevnar, T Cells, Lenalidomide, MAGE A-3
All patients will receive a priming immunization with a MAGE-A3/GM-CSF vaccine with adjuvant Hiltonol® (Poly-ICLC) along with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine/PCV control vaccine about 10 days before a steady-state mononuclear cell apheresis. Patients will then undergo hematopoietic stem cell mobilization. All patients will receive high-dose melphalan followed by hematopoietic stem cells on day 0. On day +2, patients will receive anti-CD3/anti-CD28-costimulated autologous T cells. At days 14, 42, and 90, patients will receive MAGEA3/GM-CSF (+Hiltonol® Poly-ICLC) and PCV booster immunizations followed by restaging studies and immune assessments at day +100. At day 100, after immunizations and restaging, patients will start Revlamid® (Lenalidomide) maintenance therapy followed by 2 additional MAGE-A3 and PCV immunizations at days 120 and 150.
Biological: Prevnar- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
After study enrollment, patients will receive Prevnar- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV). At Day #14, Day #42, and Day #90, Day #120 and Day #150, patients will receive a booster immunization with Prevnar- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV).

Other: Activated/costimulated autologous T-cell
For all patients, the cells will be expanded ex vivo for up to 12 days and then prepared for infusion ~day 2 post-transplant. The target number of costimulated T-cells for infusion will be ~ 5 x 10e10 T-cells total in 100-500 mL total volume.

Drug: Revlamid® (Lenalidomide)
At about day 100 post-transplant, after completion of post-transplant immunological assessments and myeloma restaging studies, patients will be eligible to receive low-dose Revlamid® (Lenalidomide) 10 mg/day for maintenance therapy (10 mg/day) until progression of myeloma or development of intolerance.

Biological: MAGE-A3/GM-GSF, Hiltonol® (Poly-ICLC)
After study enrollment, patients will receive both MAGE-A3/GM-CSF [+ coinjection of 2mg of Hiltonol®(Poly-ICLC)]. At Day #14, Day #42, Day #90, Day #120 and Day #150 patients will receive an additional immunization with MAGE-A3/GM-GSF, Hiltonol® (Poly-ICLC).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary Myeloma Endpoint [ Time Frame: Between day 100 and 180 post transplant ]
    To determine whether lenalidomide maintenance plus the late booster immunizations leads to improved myeloma clinical responses between day 180 and day 100 post-transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent
  • Patients must be registered with the Sponsor's Monitor
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of myeloma
  • Patients must meet one of the following criteria:

    1. Myeloma has relapsed, progressed, or failed to respond after at least one prior course of therapy (consisting of at least 2 treatment cycles or months of therapy).
    2. Myeloma has responded partially to initial therapy but a complete response (immunofixation negative and normal serum free light chain studies)has NOT developed after a minimum of 3 cycles or months of initial therapy.
    3. Myeloma has high-risk features as defined by the presence of one or more cytogenetic abnormalities known to confer a poor outcome even after standard autotransplants:complex karyotype (> or = to 3 abnormalities),t(4;14),t(14;16),del (17)(p13.1),and/or chromosome 13 abnormalities.
  • Patients must have measurable disease on study entry
  • Patients must be between ages 18-80 (inclusive).
  • Patients should have adequate vital organ function as defined by the protocol.
  • ECOG performance status 0-2 (unless due solely to bone pain)
  • Prior to Lenalidomide maintenance phase, all study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test as per the protocol
  • Lenalidomide treatment phase: able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing females
  • HIV or HTLV-1/2 seropositivity
  • Known history of myelodysplasia
  • Known history of chronic active hepatitis or liver cirrhosis (if suspected by laboratory studies, should be confirmed by liver biopsy).
  • Active Hepatitis B (as defined by + Hepatitis B surface antigen); + Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody is NOT an exclusion
  • Prior autotransplant or allogeneic transplant
  • More than 4 distinct, prior courses of therapy for myeloma
  • History of severe autoimmune disease requiring steroids or other immunosuppressive treatments.
  • Active immune-mediated diseases including:connective tissue diseases, uveitis,sarcoidosis,inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis.
  • Evidence or history of other significant cardiac,hepatic,renal, ophthalmologic,psychiatric,or gastrointestinal disease which would likely increase the risks of participating in the study
  • Active bacterial, viral or fungal infections.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01245673

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United States, Maryland
University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
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Study Chair: Aaron Rapoport, M.D. University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Ed Stadtmauer, MD Abramson Cancer Center at Penn Medicine
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01245673    
Other Study ID Numbers: UPCC 02710
UMGCC 0955 ( Other Identifier: University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center )
First Posted: November 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 19, 2020
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
Advanced Disease
MAGE-A3 Immunizations with Hiltonol
Vaccine-Primed Autologous T-Cells
Lenalidomide Maintenance
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Interferon Inducers