Everolimus for Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Cancer (RADIT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01242631|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 17, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2015
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Testicular Cancer Germ Cell Cancer||Drug: Everolimus||Phase 2|
Patients with metastatic germ cell cancer and relapse after two or more courses of cisplatin-based chemotherapy or after high-dose chemotherapy have a poor prognosis and few treatment options. Everolimus is a derivative of rapamycin and acts as a signal transduction inhibitor. Its target is mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), a key protein kinase regulating cell growth, proliferation and survival. The mTOR pathway activity is modulated by the PI3K1AKT pathway and is known to be deregulated in numerous human cancers, including germ cell tumors. Everolimus is being investigated as an anticancer agent based on its potential to act:
- Directly on tumor cells by inhibiting tumor cell growth and proliferation
- Indirectly by inhibiting angiogenesis leading to reduced tumor vascularity
An open-label, single arm, non-randomized, single stage phase II study. Screening phase: Baseline evaluations will be performed within 2 weeks before the first dose of study drug. Treatment phase: All patients will receive everolimus until disease progression (by RECIST or tumor markers) or unacceptable toxicity or study discontinuation for other reasons. A treatment cycle consists of 3 weeks. Dose reductions and dose interruptions (for up to 2 weeks) are allowed for intolerable toxicity. Follow-up phase: All patients will be followed for survival.
Tumor Response and progression will be assessed using the RECIST criteria and assessments with tumor markers. Tumor measurements by a CT scan or MRI will be performed at screening within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug. During the study period, the CT scan/MRI will be performed every 6 weeks (± one week), and at the time of discontinuation of study drug (within 2 weeks). The same type of scan (CT or MRI) used at screening must be used for all subsequent follow-up assessments. A partial or a complete response warrants a confirmation no sooner than 4 weeks and no later than 6 weeks after its observation.
Tumor markers (AFP, HCG) will be assessed every 3 weeks. A tumor marker reduction > 90% without an increase in tumor size is considered a partial response. A tumor marker increase > 25% without an increase in tumor size is considered progressive disease when confirmed 3 weeks after its observation.
The following retrospective pathological examinations of tumor samples will be performed in those patients that gave additional informed consent:
- immunohistochemistry for the mismatch repair genes hMLH1, hMSH2, hMSH6, and PMS2, and the cell signalling effectors pMAPK, pAKT, pS6K and PTEN.
- mutation analysis for PTEN, BRAF, p53, and examination of microsatellite instability This information will be correlated with treatment response (CR, PR, SO or PD) at week 12 in an exploratory analysis.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||25 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Single Arm, Open-label Multicenter Phase II Trial of Everolimus in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Cancer|
|Study Start Date :||November 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2014|
|Experimental: Everolimus 10 mg daily||
Everolimus 10 mg orally per day.
Other Name: Afinitor
- Progression-free rate at 12 weeks [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Percentage of patients that have not progressed after 12 weeks of treatment.
- Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
- Safety profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Male|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Male patients >= 18 years old.
- Patients with histologically proven seminomatous or non-seminomatous germ cell cancer
- Disease progression during cisplatin-based chemotherapy or
- Disease progression or relapse after high-dose chemotherapy or
- Disease progression or relapse after at least 2 different cisplatin-based regimens and contraindications for high-dose chemotherapy.
- Patients must have received prior combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine, oxaliplatin and paclitaxel (GOP). Prior treatment with a combination of two of these drugs is allowed in case of contraindications for GOP.
- Disease progression at study entry: progressive disease according to RECIST criteria in baseline examinations or tumor marker increase > 25% within 4 weeks before study entry.
- ECOG performance status <= 2.
- Life expectancy >= 3 months.
- Adequate bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 109/1, platelets >= 75 x 109/1, hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl.
- Adequate liver function: serum bilirubin: <= 1.5x ULN, ALT and AST <= 2.5x ULN. For patients with known liver metastases: AST and ALT <= 5x ULN.
- Adequate renal function: serum creatinine <= 2.0x ULN.
- Patients must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception during study treatment.
- Signed written informed consent.
- Systemic antitumor treatment within 21 days before study entry.
- Simultaneous radiotherapy of the only target lesion(s).
- Patients who have undergone major surgery within 4 weeks prior to starting study drug (e.g. intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, or intra-pelvic) or significant traumatic injury, or who have not recovered from the side effects of any of the above
- Patients who have previously received mTOR inhibitors (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus).
- Patients receiving chronic systemic treatment with corticosteroids (dose of >= 20 mg/day methylprednisone equivalent) or another immunosuppressive agent.
- Patients with unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction <= 6 months prior to first study treatment, congestive heart failure NYHA III-IV or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias.
- Patients with severely impaired lung function: spirometry or DLCO < 50% of the normal predicted value.
- Uncontrolled diabetes: fasting serum glucose > 2.0x ULN.
- Patients with an active or uncontrolled infection, incl. chronic Hepatitis B or C
- Patients who have a history of another primary malignancy and are off treatment for <= 3 years, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer.
- Patients who have participated in another clinical trial within 30 days before study entry.
- Other serious medical conditions that could impair the ability of the patient to participate in the study.
- Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01242631
|Vivantes Klinikum am Urban|
|Berlin, Germany, 10967|
|Essen, Germany, 45122|
|Hamburg, Germany, 20246|
|Hannover Medical School|
|Hannover, Germany, 30625|
|Universitatsklinikum Schieswig-Holstein - Campus Kiel|
|Kiel, Germany, 24105|
|Marburg, Germany, 35043|
|Klinikum Harlaching München|
|München, Germany, 81545|
|Universitatsklinikum der Eberhard-Karls-Universitat Tübingen|
|Tübingen, Germany, 72076|
|Principal Investigator:||Martin H Fenner, MD||Hannover Medical School|
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
|Responsible Party:||Hannover Medical School|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
2009-014383-18 ( EudraCT Number )
|First Posted:||November 17, 2010 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||February 25, 2015|
|Last Verified:||February 2015|
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Endocrine System Diseases
Physiological Effects of Drugs