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Safety and Immunogenicity of GSK Biologicals' Malaria Vaccine 257049 When Administered on 7 Schedules to African Infants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01231503
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2010
Results First Posted : May 20, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:

The aim of the malaria vaccine program of the MVI/GSK partnership is to develop an efficacious malaria vaccine that is deliverable through the existing system, the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) of WHO. This study has been designed to:

  • Investigate the safety and immunogenicity of 7 infant immunization schedules of the experimental malaria vaccine integrated with an EPI regimen.
  • Investigate how to maximize the antibody response to the experimental malaria vaccine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049 Biological: Engerix-B Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib Biological: BCG Biological: OPV Biological: Rouvax Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 480 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Safety and Immunogenicity of GSK Biologicals' Candidate Malaria Vaccine 257049 When Administered on Different Schedules to Infants in Africa
Actual Study Start Date : January 13, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 23, 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) when ≤ 7 days of age and at 10 and 14 weeks of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when ≤7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) when ≤ 7 days of age and at 10 and 26 weeks of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanri xHepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when below ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: RTS,S 6-10-14 Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: RTS,S 6-10-26 Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) at 6, 10 and 26 weeks of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group
Subjects received one dose of Engerix-B (HBV) when ≤ 7 days of age followed by 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) at 6, 10 and 26 weeks of age In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E and HBV vaccines were administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Engerix-B
1 dose, intramuscular route: left antero-lateral thigh at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: HBV

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: RTS,S 10-14-26 Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (GSK257049) at 10, 14 and 26 weeks of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when below ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Experimental: RTS,S 14-26-9M Group
Subjects received 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E (or GSK257049) at 14 and 26 weeks of age and at 9 months of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when below ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when below ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The RTS,S/AS01E vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: GSK Biological's Investigational Malaria Vaccine 257049
3 doses, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, as follows: 1) RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group at less than (=<) 7 days, at 10 and 14 weeks (wks) of age; 2) RTS,S Neo-10-26 Group =< 7 days, at 10 and 26 wks of age; 3) RTS,S 6-10-14 Group at 6, 10 and 14 wks of age; 4) RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 5) Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26 Group at 6, 10 and 26 wks of age; 6) RTS,S 10-14-26 Group at 10, 14 and 26 wks of age; 7) RTS,S 14-26-9M Group at 14 and 26 wks of age and at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • GSK257049
  • RTS
  • S/AS01E

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine

Active Comparator: Engerix-B Neo Group
Subjects in this group received one dose of Engerix-B (HBV) ≤ 7 days of age. In addition, all subjects received a 3-doses course of Tritanrix HepB/Hib (DTPwHepB/Hib), administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), administered when below ≤ 7 days of age, 4 doses of Polio Sabin (OPV), administered when ≤ 7 days of age and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age, and one dose of Rouvax (Measles), administered at 9 months of age. The HBV vaccine was administered intramuscularly (IM) in the left antero-lateral thigh. The DTPwHepB/Hib and Measles vaccines were administered IM in the right antero-lateral thigh and the OPV vaccine orally. The BCG vaccine was administered via intradermal route in the shoulder.
Biological: Engerix-B
1 dose, intramuscular route: left antero-lateral thigh at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: HBV

Biological: Tritanrix HepB Hib
3 doses, intramuscular route: right antero-lateral thigh at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: DTPwHepB/Hib

Biological: BCG
1 dose, intradermal route, in shoulder at birth (=< 7 days of age)
Other Name: Bacille Calmette Guerin tuberculosis vaccine

Biological: OPV
4 doses, orally, at birth (=< 7 days of age) and at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age
Other Name: Polio Sabin

Biological: Rouvax
1 dose, intramuscular (IM) route, in left antero-lateral thigh, at 9 months of age
Other Names:
  • Measles
  • measles vaccine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects Reported With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From study start at Month 0 up to Month 10. ]
    An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that: results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, or may evolve into one of the outcomes listed above. "Any" is defined an incidence of a SAE regardless of intensity/severity.

  2. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Circumsporozoite Protein of Plasmodium Falciparum (Anti-CS Antibodies) [ Time Frame: At 1 month (M) post Dose 3 of RTS,S/AS01E, e. a. M5 for RTS,S Neo-10-14, RTS,S 6-10-14 and Engerix-B Neo groups ]
    Anti-CS antibody concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and presented as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) expressed in ELISA units per milliliter (EL.U/mL). The seropositivity cut-off for the endpoint was a GMC value greater than or equal to (≥) 0.5 EL.U/mL.

  3. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Circumsporozoite Protein of Plasmodium Falciparum (Anti-CS Antibodies) [ Time Frame: At 1 month (M) post Dose 3 of RTS,S/AS01E, e. a. M7 for RTS,S Neo-10-26, RTS,S 6-10-26, Engerix-B Neo/RTS,S 6-10-26, and RTS,S 10-14-26 groups ]
    Anti-CS antibody concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and presented as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) expressed in ELISA units per milliliter (EL.U/mL). The seropositivity cut-off for the endpoint was a GMC value greater than or equal to (≥) 0.5 EL.U/mL.

  4. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Circumsporozoite Protein of Plasmodium Falciparum (Anti-CS Antibodies) [ Time Frame: At 1 month (M) post Dose 3 of RTS,S/AS01E, e. a. M10 for RTS,S 14-26-9M Group ]
    Anti-CS antibody concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and presented as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) expressed in ELISA units per milliliter (EL.U/mL). The seropositivity cut-off for the endpoint was a GMC value greater than or equal to (≥) 0.5 EL.U/mL.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects Reported With Unsolicited Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: During the 30-day (Days 0-29) post vaccination period following 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01E versus DTPwHepB/Hib for the Engerix-B Neo Group ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation subject, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. "Any" is defined an incidence of an unsolicited AE regardless of intensity or relationship to study vaccination. Please note that, for this outcome measure, analysis was performed only on subjects with at least one administered dose of RTS,S/AS01E and/or DTPwHepB/Hib for the Engerix-B Neo Group.

  2. Number of Subjects Reported With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From study start at Month 0 up to Month 18 (corresponding data lock point =23 March 2015) ]
    An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that: results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, or may evolve into one of the outcomes listed above. "Any" is defined an incidence of a SAE regardless of intensity/severity.

  3. Number of Subjects Reported With Biochemical Abnormalities, for the Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Parameter [ Time Frame: At Day 7 post dose 1 (7D+W6) and at Day 30 post dose 3 (30D+W14). ]
    This outcome measure concerns biochemical abnormalities, for the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) parameter. Subjects' levels were assessed as either normal, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4 or Missing. Normal ALT level was defined as ALT< 60 International units per milliliter (IU/mL). Grade 1 ALT level was defined as 1.1 to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Grade 2 ALT level was defined as 2.6 to 5.0 times the ULN. Grade 3 ALT level was defined as 5.1 to 10.0 times the ULN. Grade 4 ALT level was defined as > 10.0 times the ULN.

  4. Number of Subjects Reported With Biochemical Abnormalities, for the Creatinine (CREA) Parameter [ Time Frame: At Day 7 post dose 1 (7D+W6) and at Day 30 post dose 3 (30D+W14). ]
    This outcome measure concerns biochemical abnormalities, for the creatinine (CREA) parameter. Subjects' levels were assessed as either normal, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4 or Missing. Normal CREA level was defined as CREA ≤ 106, 88 and 71 micromoles per liter (µmol/L) for subjects 1, 2 or ≥ 2 days of age, respectively. Grade 1 CREA level was defined as 1.1 to 1.3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Grade 2 CREA level was defined as 1.4 to 1.8 times the ULN. Grade 3 CREA level was defined as 1.9 to 3.4 times the ULN. Grade 4 CREA level was defined as ≥ 3.5 times the ULN.

  5. Number of Subjects Reported With Haematological Abnormalities, for the Haemoglobin (HAE) Parameter [ Time Frame: At Day 7 post dose 1 (7D+W6) and at Day 30 post dose 3 (30D+W14). ]
    This outcome measure concerns haematological abnormalities, for the haemoglobin (HAE) parameter. Subjects' levels were assessed as either normal, Grade (G) 1, G 2, G 3, G 4 or Missing. Normal HAE level was defined as HAE > 13.0 and 10.5 grams per deciliter (g/dL) for subjects aged 1 to 21 and 22 to 35 days respectively. Grades were defined as follows: 1) In subjects aged 1 to 21 days: G1 = HAE as 12.0 to 13.0 g/dL, G2 = HAE as 10.0 to 11.9 g/dL, G3 = HAE as 9.0 to 9.9 g/dL, G4 = HAE < 9.0 g/dL; 2) In subjects aged 22 to 35 days: G1 = HAE as 9.5 to 10.5 g/dL, G2 = HAE as 8.0 to 9.4 g/dL, G3 = HAE as 7.0 to 7.9 g/dL, G4 = HAE < 7.0 g/dL; 3) In subjects aged 36 to 56 days: G1 = HAE as 8.5 to 9.4 g/dL, G2 = HAE as 7.0 to 8.4 g/dL, G3 = HAE as 6.0 to 6.9 g/dL, G4 = HAE < 6.0 g/dL; 4) In subjects aged ≥ 57 days: G1 = HAE as 10.0 to 10.9 g/dL, G2 = HAE as 9.0 to 9.9 g/dL, G3 = HAE as 7.0 to 8.9 g/dL, G4 = HAE < 7.0 g/dL.

  6. Number of Subjects Reported With Haematological Abnormalities, for the Platelets (PLA) Parameter [ Time Frame: At Day 7 post dose 1 (7D+W6) and at Day 30 post dose 3 (30D+W14). ]
    This outcome measure concerns haematological abnormalities, for the platelets (PLA) parameter. Subjects' levels were assessed as either normal, Grade (G) 1, G2, G3, G4 or Missing. Normal PLA level was defined as > 125 x 10 exp 9 PLA per liter (Billions PLA/L). Grade 1 PLA level was defined as 100 to 125 Billions PLA/L. Grade 2 PLA level was defined as 50 to 99 Billions PLA/L. Grade 3 PLA level was defined as 25 to 49 Billions PLA/L. Grade 4 PLA level was defined as < 25 Billions PLA/L.

  7. Number of Subjects Reported With Haematological Abnormalities, for the White Blood Cells (WBC) Parameter [ Time Frame: At Day 7 post dose 1 (7D+W6) and at Day 30 post dose 3 (30D+W14). ]
    This outcome measure concerns haematological abnormalities, for the white blood cells (WBC) parameter. Subjects' levels were assessed as either normal, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4 or Missing. Normal WBC level was defined as > 2.5 x 10 exp 9 WBC per liter (Billions WBC/L). Grade 1 WBC level was defined as 2.0 to 2.5 Billions WBC/L. Grade 2 WBC level was defined as 1.5 to 1.999 Billions WBC/L. Grade 3 WBC level was defined as 1.0 to 1.499 Billions WBC/L. Grade 4 WBC level was defined as < 1.0 Billions WBC/L.

  8. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Circumsporozoite Protein of Plasmodium Falciparum (Anti-CS Antibodies) [ Time Frame: At Screening (SCR), at Month (M) 4, at M5, at M7 and/or at M10, according to the vaccination scheduling for the specific group assessed concerned group ]
    Anti-CS antibody concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and presented as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) expressed in ELISA units per milliliter (EL.U/mL). The seropositivity cut-off value for the assay was greater than or equal to (≥) 0.5 EL.U/mL.

  9. Anti-Hepatitis B Surface Antibody (Anti-HBs) Concentrations. [ Time Frame: At Screening (SCR), at Month 5 (M5), at Month 7 (M7) and at Month 10 (M10), according to the vaccination scheduling ]
    Concentrations, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were presented as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), and expressed in milli-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL). The seropositivity and seroprotection cut-off values for the assay were greater than or equal to (≥) 6.2 and 10 mIU/mL, respectively.

  10. Anti-diphtheria (Anti-D) and Anti-tetanus Toxoids (Anti-TT) Antibody Concentrations [ Time Frame: At Month 5 ]
    Anti-D and anti-TT antibody concentrations were calculated, expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in International units per milliliter (IU/mL), and tabulated. The seropositivity cut-off value for the assay was ≥ 0.1 IU/mL.

  11. Anti-polyribosyl Ribitol Phosphate (Anti-PRP) Antibody Concentrations [ Time Frame: At Month 5 ]
    Anti-PRP antibody concentrations were calculated, expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in microgram per milliliter (µg/mL), and tabulated. The seroprotection cut-off value for the assay was ≥ 0.15 µg/mL.

  12. Anti-polio Type 1, 2 and 3 (Anti-Polio 1, 2 and 3) Antibody Concentrations [ Time Frame: At Month 5 ]
    Anti-Polio 1, 2 and 3 antibody concentrations were calculated, expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in international units per mililiter (IU/mL) and tabulated. The seroprotection cut-off value for the assay was ≥ 8 IU/mL.

  13. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Acellular B-pertussis (BPT) [ Time Frame: At Month 5 ]
    Concentrations of anti-BPT antibodies were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in ELISA units per milliliter (EL.U/mL). The seropositivity cut-off value for the assay was ≥ 15 EL.U/mL.

  14. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Measles Antigens [ Time Frame: At Month 10 ]

    Concentrations of anti measles antibodies were determined by ELISA and expressed as GMCs in milli-international units per millilitre (mIU/mL).

    The seropositivity cut-off value for the assay was ≥ 150 mIU/mL. Please note that this outcome measure was only assessed in subjects in the RTS,S 14-26-9M and Engerix-B Neo groups.


  15. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 0 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity.

  16. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 6 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity.

  17. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 10 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity.

  18. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 14 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity.

  19. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 26 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity. RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group, RTS,S 6-10-14 Group and Engerix-B Neo Group didn't receive vaccination at this time point.

  20. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited Local Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Month 9 vaccination ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed include pain, redness and swelling. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity.

  21. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 0 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination.

  22. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 6 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination.

  23. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 10 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination.

  24. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 14 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination.

  25. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Week 26 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination. RTS,S Neo-10-14 Group, RTS,S 6-10-14 Group and Engerix-B Neo Group didn't receive any vaccination at this time point

  26. Number of Subjects Reported With Solicited General Symptoms [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0-6) after Month 9 vaccination ]
    Solicited general symptoms assessed include Drowsiness, Fever (temperature by axillary route ≥ 37.5°C), Irritability/Fussiness and Loss of appetite. "Any" about a specific symptom is defined as incidence of this symptom, regardless of its intensity or relationship to vaccination.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Concentrations of Antibodies Against Circumsporozoite Protein of Plasmodium Falciparum (Anti-CS Antibodies) [ Time Frame: At Month 18 post vaccination ]
    Month 18 immunogenicity data were tertiary objectives, and although not required to be disclosed were included in this result summary at the request of the study team to show the full study immunogenicity results.

  2. Anti-Hepatitis B Surface Antibody (Anti-HBs) Concentrations [ Time Frame: At Month 18 post vaccination ]
    Month 18 immunogenicity data were tertiary objectives, and although not required to be disclosed were included in this result summary at the request of the study team to show the full study immunogenicity results.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 7 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All subjects must satisfy the following criteria at study entry:

  • A male or female infant between 1 and 7 days (inclusive) of age (where day 1 is day of birth).
  • Signed or thumb-printed informed consent obtained from the parent(s)/guardian(s) of the child. Where parent(s)/guardian(s) are illiterate, the consent form will be countersigned by a witness.
  • Subjects who the investigator believes that their parents/guardians can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol (e.g. return for follow-up visits) should be enrolled in the study.
  • Born to a mother negative for HIV antibody and Hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Subjects who are born after a normal gestation period (between 37 and 42 weeks) (Gestational age will be determined by carrying out a clinical assessment on infants according to the principles set out by Dubowitz (1970) in the first 5 days of life).
  • A minimum weight of 2.5 kg.

Exclusion Criteria:

The following criteria should be checked at the time of study entry. If any apply, the subject must not be included in the study:

  • Acute or chronic illness determined by clinical or physical examination and laboratory screening tests including, but not limited to:

    • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, based on medical history and physical examination.
    • A family history of congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency.
    • Major congenital defects.
    • History of any neurological disorders or seizures.
  • Laboratory screening tests out of normal ranges/limits defined per protocol.
  • Previous vaccination with diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whole-cell or acellular), Hemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B, BCG tuberculosis, measles or oral polio vaccines.
  • Planned administration/administration of a licensed vaccine (i.e. a vaccine that is approved by one of the following authorities: FDA or EU member state or WHO [with respect to prequalification]) not foreseen by the study protocol within 7 days of the first dose of study vaccine.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins, blood transfusions or other blood products since birth to the first dose of study vaccine or planned administration during the study period.
  • Use of a drug or vaccine that is not approved for that indication (by one of the following authorities: FDA or EU member state or WHO [with respect to prequalification]) other than the study vaccine starting at birth or planned use during the study period.
  • Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs since birth.
  • Simultaneous participation in any other clinical trial.
  • Same-sex twins (to avoid misidentification).
  • Maternal death.
  • History of allergic reactions (significant IgE-mediated events) or anaphylaxis to previous immunizations.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine.
  • Children will not be enrolled if any maternal, obstetrical or neonatal event that has occurred might, in the judgment of the investigator, result in increased neonatal/infant morbidity
  • Any other findings that the investigator feels would increase the risk of having an adverse outcome from participation in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01231503


Locations
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Malawi
GSK Investigational Site
Bangwe, Blantyre, Malawi, 3
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI)
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01231503    
Other Study ID Numbers: 111315
First Posted: November 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 20, 2015
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD for this study will be made available via the Clinical Study Data Request site.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: IPD is available via the Clinical Study Data Request site (click on the link provided below)
Access Criteria: Access is provided after a research proposal is submitted and has received approval from the Independent Review Panel and after a Data Sharing Agreement is in place. Access is provided for an initial period of 12 months but an extension can be granted, when justified, for up to another 12 months.
URL: https://clinicalstudydatarequest.com
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Africa
malaria vaccine
schedule
EPI
Plasmodium falciparum
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs