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A Study of Adalimumab When Added to Inadequate Standard Anti-rheumatic Therapy in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01231321
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2010
Results First Posted : March 24, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2011
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
A total of 100 participants diagnosed with active rheumatoid arthritis were enrolled at 5 sites in Russia. Adalimumab was administered by subcutaneous injection every other week, with dose escalation to weekly dosing available for participants not receiving concomitant disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) who did not achieve American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) criteria after 12 weeks of treatment. Efficacy and safety measurements were performed throughout the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug: adalimumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is an open-label, multicenter study designed to establish the safety and efficacy of adalimumab in the treatment of moderate to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 100 subjects with inadequate preexisting standard anti-rheumatic therapy were enrolled at 5 sites in Russia.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Prospective, Multi-Centre Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Adalimumab (Humira®) When Added to Inadequate Standard Anti-Rheumatic Therapy in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Adalimumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: adalimumab
Adalimumab / pre-filled syringe 40 mg/0.8 ml
Drug: adalimumab
Adalimumab 40 mg in 0.8 ml in pre-filled syringe for under the skin of the abdomen or the thigh injection every other week.
Other Names:
  • ABT-D2E7
  • Humira

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 34 weeks (24 week study treatment plus 70-day follow-up period) ]

    Serious adverse events were collected from the time of informed consent, and nonserious adverse events were collected from the time of first dose of adalimumab, until 70 days after the last injection of adalimumab. Refer to the Reported Adverse Events section of this results disclosure for specific adverse events reported.


    Severe events considerably interfered in patients' usual activities and may have been life-threatening.

    Serious events were life-threatening; resulted in hospitalization, congenital anomalies, or disability; or required intervention to prevent seriousness.

  2. Changes of Physical Examination [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 weeks ]
    Physical examination findings were compared between Baseline and Week 24, and changes were recorded (Normal at Baseline to Abnormal at Week 24; or Abnormal at Baseline to Normal at Week 24). Physical examination criteria (normal vs. abnormal) were at the clinical judgement of the examining physician. Significant changes in physical examination from Baseline were considered to be adverse events.

  3. Deviation From Normal Laboratory Ranges [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]

    Laboratory values were assessed for values above and below the normal (reference) ranges used by the central laboratory.

    Note abbreviations used in table:

    Alk. phosphatase = alkaline phosphatase, ALT = alanine aminotransferase, AST = aspartate aminotransferase, ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate

  4. Vital Sign Values [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]

    Vital signs values were assessed for values above and below the normal (reference) ranges used by the central laboratory.

    Note, in table, BP = blood pressure.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Disease Activity Score (DAS28) Compared With Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 weeks ]
    The DAS28 is validated index of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity. Twenty-eight tender joint counts, 28 swollen joint counts, C-reactive protein, and general health (patient's global assessment of disease activity) were included in the DAS28 score. Scores on the DAS28 range from 1 (inactive disease) to 10 (very active disease).

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males and females >= 18 years of age.
  2. A negative pregnancy test (human chorionic gonadotropin in serum samples) for women of childbearing potential prior to start of study treatment.
  3. Female subject is either not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal (at least 1 year since last menses) or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or is of childbearing potential and practicing one of the following methods of birth control throughout the study and for 150 days after study completion:

    • Condoms, sponge, foams, jellies, diaphragm or intrauterine device.
    • Contraceptives (oral, parenteral, patch) for three months prior to study drug administration.
    • A vasectomized partner.
  4. American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis for at least 6 months.
  5. Subjects must meet the following three criteria:

    • Disease Activity Score (28 joints) more or equal 3.2 (at Baseline only)
    • At least 6 swollen joints out of the 66 assessed
    • At least 8 tender joints out of the 68 assessed
  6. Subjects must have a C-reactive protein >= 1.5mg/dL or erythrocyte sedimentation rate >= 28 mm/1h.
  7. Unsatisfactory response or intolerance to prior disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (must have failed at least 1 disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug).
  8. Able and willing to administer subcutaneous injections.
  9. Able and willing to give written informed consent and to comply with the requirements of the study protocol.
  10. Documented negative purified protein derivative test, defined as < 5 mm induration, or willingness and ability to start tuberculosis prophylaxis before first dose of study drug if the purified protein derivative result is positive and the chest X-ray is not suggestive of active tuberculosis and there is no history of active tuberculosis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior treatment with alkylating agents such as cyclophosphamide or chlorambucil within at least 5 years before enrollment.
  2. Prior treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin or any investigational agent "chemical" in nature within 30 days, or 5 half lives of the product, whichever is longer.
  3. Prior treatment with cyclosporine within the last 6 months.
  4. Prior treatment with investigational biologic therapy.
  5. Subject has chronic arthritis diagnosis before the age 17 years.
  6. Subject has undergone joint surgery within the preceding two months (at joints to be assessed within the study).
  7. History of an allergic reaction or significant sensitivity to the constituents of study drug (adalimumab).
  8. Treatment within the last 2 months with approved biologic therapy (e.g. infliximab) prior to Baseline.
  9. Prior treatment with total lymphoid irradiation.
  10. History of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease other than a successfully and completely treated non-metastatic cutaneous squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma and/or localized carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  11. History of or current acute inflammatory joint disease of origin other than rheumatoid arthritis, e.g. mixed connective tissue disease, systemic lupus erythematosus etc.
  12. History of uncontrolled diabetes, unstable ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association III-IV), active peptic ulcer disease, recent stroke (within 3 months) and any other condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the subject at risk by participation in the protocol.
  13. Subject is known to have immune deficiency, history of positive human immunodeficiency virus status or is immunocompromised.
  14. Persistent chronic infection, or severe infections requiring hospitalization or treatment with intravenous antibiotics within 30 days, or oral antibiotics within 14 days prior to enrollment.
  15. Female subjects who are pregnant or breast-feeding or is considering becoming pregnant during the study or for 150 days after the last dose of study medication.
  16. History of clinically significant drug or alcohol abuse in the last year.
  17. Previous diagnosis or signs of central nervous system demyelinating diseases.
  18. History of untreated or active tuberculosis, histoplasmosis or listeriosis.
  19. History of clinically significant hematologic (e.g. severe anemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia), renal or liver disease (e.g. fibrosis, cirrhosis, hepatitis).
  20. Screening clinical laboratory analysis showing any of the following abnormal laboratory results:

    • Aspartate transaminase or alanine transaminase > 1.75 x the upper limit of normal.
    • Serum total bilirubin >= 1.5 mg/dL (>= 26 micromol/L).
    • Creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL (133 micromol/L) in subjects < 65 years old and > upper limit of normal range in subjects >= 65 years old.
    • Positive Hepatitis B or C serology indicative of previous or current infections.
  21. Subject is considered by the Investigator, for any reason, to be an unsuitable candidate for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01231321

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Russian Federation
Site Ref # / Investigator 17682
Kazan, Russian Federation, 420095
Site Ref # / Investigator 7417
Moscow, Russian Federation, 115522
Site Ref # / Investigator 17681
Moscow, Russian Federation, 117513
Site Ref # / Investigator 7401
Moscow, Russian Federation, 119049
Site Ref # / Investigator 18081
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191015
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Konstantin Gudkov, MD Abbott
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Responsible Party: Konstantin Gudkov/ Clinical Research Manager, Abbott Laboratories LLC Russia Identifier: NCT01231321    
Other Study ID Numbers: W06-406
First Posted: November 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 24, 2011
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2011
Last Verified: April 2011
Keywords provided by Abbott:
Adalimumab added to inadequate standard anti-rheumatic therapy in patients with active Rheumatoid Arthritis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Rheumatic Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents