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Trial record 59 of 1164 for:    MYCOPHENOLIC ACID

Mycophenolic Acid (MPA) Monotherapy in Liver Transplantation

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01230502
Recruitment Status : Terminated (insufficient study population to meet study objective)
First Posted : October 29, 2010
Results First Posted : May 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 7, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
To determine whether long-term maintenance therapy with a single drug (Myfortic) applied using advanced immunologic monitoring tools in selected patients can lead to superior native kidney function at 2 years without resulting in increased acute rejection episodes or deterioration of liver allograft function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liver Transplant Drug: Group 1 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +, Mycophenolic acid (MPA) monotherapy Other: data and sample collection Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The hypothesis to be tested is that donor-microchimerism in specific cell populations promotes the development of donor-specific regulation which in turn allows for long-term maintenance therapy with a single drug (Myfortic) in selected patients leading to superior long-term outcomes. Subjects will be enrolled post-transplantation and will be liver transplant recipients who meet the eligibility and exclusion criteria. We will use post-transplant monitoring for donor-specific immunologic regulation (DSR+/ DSA negative) to direct the withdrawal of patients to Myfortic monotherapy. Donor microchimerism, DSR, DSA development will be performed on samples obtained every six months from patients on study. The ultimate objective of the study is to use immunologic monitoring to develop a rational approach to achieving individualized immunosuppression for liver transplant patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) Guided Tacrolimus Withdrawal to Myfortic Monotherapy in Liver Transplantation
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 3: Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) -, standard of care
Subjects who test Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) negative will not be randomized to possible tacrolimus withdrawal, and will remain on standard of care immunosuppression.
Other: data and sample collection

Group 3 : Donor specific regulation (DSR) - standard of care:

These subjects are those who were DSR negative and/or DSA positive at enrollment and therefore are not eligible for the withdrawal aspect of the study. These subjects will be maintained on standard of care immunosuppression consisting of Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate sodium (MPS) with no reduction in tacrolimus dose during the 24 months of study enrollment. These subjects will be asked to provide heath information and donate blood, exclusively for research testing, at the same 6 month intervals as those in the other two arms of the study, and will be followed for 24 months.


Active Comparator: Group 2 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +; standard of care
Subjects that are Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) positive and randomized (1:1) to Group 2 will remain on standard of care immunosuppression.
Other: data and sample collection

Group 2 : Donor specific regulation (DSR) + standard of care:

These subjects will be maintained on standard of care immunosuppression consisting of Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate sodium (MPS) with no reduction in tacrolimus dose during the 24 months of study enrollment.

Subjects will be followed for 24 months at 6 month intervals, and will provide health information and blood samples


Experimental: Group 1 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +, MPA monotherapy

Group 1 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +, Mycophenolic acid (MPA) monotherapy:

Subjects that are Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) positive and randomized (1:1) to Group 1 will begin a taper off tacrolimus for 6 months, after repeat DSR testing at 6 months subject will either discontinue tacrolimus if they remain DSR negative or remain at reduced dose if converted to DSR positive

Drug: Group 1 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +, Mycophenolic acid (MPA) monotherapy

Group 1 Donor Specific Regulation (DSR) +, MPA monotherapy

Mycophenolate sodium : Myfortic therapy will be maintained at a target dose of 720mg BID.

Tacrolimus doses will be lowered to achieve levels of 3-5 ng/ml. 6 months later, immunological monitoring will be repeated and tacrolimus will be completely discontinued if the subject remains DSR + without development of donor specific antibodies (DSA). Those who become DSR- or develop DSA will remain on a tacrolimus dose achieving levels of 3-5 ng/ml, and will not undergone any additional reduction.

Subjects will be followed for 24 months at 6 month intervals, and will provide health information and blood samples.

Other Name: Myfortic




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) [ Time Frame: 6 months post enrollment/randomization ]

    This outcome measure is used to determine if the reduction of calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppression leads to improved native kidney function. Native kidney function is assessed using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from serum or plasma creatinine samples at the reported time points.

    Reference intervals include:

    Healthy 18 years and up: 60-120 mL/min/1.73 sqm Chronic kidney disease: GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 sqm Kidney failure: GFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 sqm


  2. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) [ Time Frame: 12 months post enrollment/randomization ]

    This outcome measure is used to determine if the reduction of calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppression leads to improved native kidney function. Native kidney function is assessed using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from serum or plasma creatinine samples at the reported time points.

    Reference intervals include:

    Healthy 18 years and up: 60-120 mL/min/1.73 sqm Chronic kidney disease: GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 sqm Kidney failure: GFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 sqm




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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects, ages 18 years and older who have received a primary liver transplant from a deceased donor for end stage liver disease *(ESLD).
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the time of screening and agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception throughout the study and for 3 months following discontinuation of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recipients of multi-organ transplants.
  • Recipients with positive crossmatch with their donor (current or previously).
  • Subjects with a screening white blood cell count ≤ 2,000 mm3 or absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≤ 1000, platelet count ≤ 100,000 mm3.
  • Recipients with a hematocrit < 32.
  • History of malignancy within 5 years of enrollment (except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin).
  • Subjects who are positive for hepatitis C, hepatitis B surface antigen, or HIV.
  • Subjects with previous intolerance to full dose MPA agent.
  • Subjects with a history of acute rejection within 6 months prior to study enrollment.
  • Subjects who have had chronic ductopenic rejection.
  • Subjects who had rejection in the first-year post-transplant and are less than 3 years post-transplant.
  • Subjects who had rejection requiring treatment with thymoglobulin or Orthoclone-OKT3 (OKT3) at anytime post-transplant.
  • Original cause of ESLD related to autoimmune diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Subjects who have received an investigational drug within 4 weeks of study entry.
  • Subjects with a history of a psychological illness or condition such as to interfere with the subject's ability to understand the requirements of the study.
  • Female subjects who are pregnant or nursing or females who are unwilling to use contraception during the study.
  • Subjects who are currently receiving any therapy for immunosuppression other than a MPA agent and tacrolimus.
  • Subjects with a history of hepatocellular carcinoma (T2 >).
  • Subjects with severe coexisting disease or presenting with any unstable medical condition which could affect study objectives.
  • Subjects who have a known hypersensitivity to tacrolimus or mycophenolate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01230502


Locations
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United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin- Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Will Burlingham, PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Anthony D'Alessandro, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison

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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01230502     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UW H-2010-0121
CERL080AUS80T ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
First Posted: October 29, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 7, 2014
Last Update Posted: May 7, 2014
Last Verified: April 2014

Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
immunosuppression
anti-rejection
immune tolerance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mycophenolic Acid
Tacrolimus
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents