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Trial record 18 of 1519 for:    child psychiatry

Healthy Bodies, Healthy Kids

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01222494
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 18, 2010
Results First Posted : October 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The US prevalence of childhood-onset obesity and type 2 diabetes, both predictors of cardiovascular risk, have increased to epidemic proportions in recent decades. Children with mental illness, especially those treated with antipsychotic medications, are at additional risk for obesity (adiposity) and related risk conditions. A variety of noninvasive techniques to assess cardiometabolic risk have begun to be applied in children, including body composition measured with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) measured by ultrasound, and hepatic triglyceride content measured using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-estimated proton density fat fraction (PDFF). These measures allow for the early, noninvasive study of adiposity-related metabolic risk. The overall aim of this two-study research plan is to characterize the level of measurable risk using these sensitive markers in treated and untreated children with mental health disorders, and to evaluate the magnitude of change in risk that can be observed using these biomarkers in children receiving a well established behavioral weight-loss intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Child Mental Disorders Obesity Metabolic Syndrome Behavioral: Behavioral Weight Loss Behavioral: Diet and Exercise Education Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This project will utilize sensitive, early biomarkers of disease risk, including whole body adiposity with DEXA, PDDF and CIMT, directly relevant to diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk. The primary goals of this study are to deliver an evidence-based weight loss intervention to the population of youth who are overweight or obese as a result of antipsychotic treatment, to characterize metabolic risk associated with weight using sensitive biomarkers, and to evaluate the magnitude of change observed in these biomarkers in children receiving an established behavioral weight-loss intervention.

Aim 1: To evaluate the main effect of time of 16 weeks of a Behavioral Weight Loss (BWL) intervention on DEXA-measured whole body adiposity in overweight/obese antipsychotic (AP)-treated children compared to nonpsychiatric (NP) overweight or obese healthy controls, and in AP-treated youth randomized to monthly Usual Care (UC).

Aim 2: To evaluate the main effect of time of 16 weeks of a BWL intervention on PDFF in overweight/obese AP-treated children compared to NP overweight or obese healthy controls, and in AP-treated youth randomized monthly UC.

Aim 3: To evaluate the main effect of time of 16 weeks of a weekly behavioral weight loss intervention on CIMT in overweight/obese AP-treated children compared to NP overweight or obese healthy controls, and in AP-treated youth randomized monthly UC.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Measurement of Cardiometabolic Risk in Antipsychotic-Treated Children
Actual Study Start Date : July 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Weight Control

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Antipsychotic Treated Educational Cntrl
Antipsychotic treated participants randomized to this arm will receive diet and exercise education at monthly intervals with a study clinician or coordinator.
Behavioral: Diet and Exercise Education
Participants assigned to this arm will receive monthly medically validated, individualized diet and exercise education by a trained research professional.

Experimental: Antipsychotic Treated Weekly BWL
Antipsychotic treated participants randomized to this arm will engage in an evidence-based, 16 week manualized behavioral weight loss intervention that includes weekly meetings and phone check-ins with a trained study therapist.
Behavioral: Behavioral Weight Loss
This intervention is a family-based, behavioral weight loss program that has been employed in studies with overweight and obese children, as well as with children who have diabetes. For the proposed study, the program has been modified to fit the needs of disruptive and behaviorally disturbed youth and their families. The modified program includes 16 weeks of weekly visits with a study interventionist, and supplemental phone contacts as needed. Phone contacts will only replace in-person visits if absolutely necessary to achieve the visit.

Active Comparator: Non-antipsychotic Treated Weekly BWL
Participants assigned to this arm will engage in an evidence-based, 16 week manualized behavioral weight loss intervention that includes weekly meetings and phone check-ins with a trained study therapist.
Behavioral: Behavioral Weight Loss
This intervention is a family-based, behavioral weight loss program that has been employed in studies with overweight and obese children, as well as with children who have diabetes. For the proposed study, the program has been modified to fit the needs of disruptive and behaviorally disturbed youth and their families. The modified program includes 16 weeks of weekly visits with a study interventionist, and supplemental phone contacts as needed. Phone contacts will only replace in-person visits if absolutely necessary to achieve the visit.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. DEXA-measured Adiposity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
    Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) will be used to assess body fat at baseline and following 16 weeks of participation in a behavioral weight loss intervention.

  2. Proton Density Fat Fraction (PDFF) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
    1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) of liver will be used to assess intracellular triglyceride content at baseline and following 16 weeks of participation in a behavioral weight loss intervention.

  3. Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness (CIMT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
    9-13-MHZ B-mode Carotid Ultrasound will be used to assess intima media thickness at baseline and following 16 weeks of participation in a behavioral weight loss intervention.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
    Change From Baseline in Aberrant Behavior Checklist - Irritability Subscale at 16 Weeks



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • 6-18 years old (at any point during study participation)
  • BMI percentile > 85
  • Meet DSM-IV criteria for one or more childhood onset psychiatric disorders including disruptive behavior disorders (attention deficit disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder and disruptive behavior disorder not otherwise specified), affective disorders (bipolar affective disorder, major depressive disorder and mood disorder not otherwise specified), anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, separation anxiety, social and other specific phobias) as well as other disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (autistic disorder, Asperger's Syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified), psychotic disorders (schizophreniform disorder, schizophrenia and psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) and movement disorders (tic disorder, Tourette's Syndrome) as determined by semi-structured diagnostic interview (EXCEPT for the Obese or Overweight Control Group, none of whom can meet criteria for any DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric illness)
  • Currently treated with an atypical antipsychotic medication (EXCEPT for the Obese or Overweight Healthy Control Group, none of whom can be treated with any psychotropic medications Participants treated with any psychotropic medication may not have any medication changes for 1 month prior to study enrollment at the discretion of the PI, and Antipsychotic-Treated Participants must be treated with an antipsychotic > approximately 12 weeks with no antipsychotic medication dose changes for 1 month
  • The Healthy Overweight or Obese Control Group may not be currently taking any prescription medications (multivitamins, over the counter medications, glucocorticoid nasal spray and inhalers are permitted, as well as non-sedating antihistamines such as but not limited to Claritin (loratadine) and Zyrtec (cetirizine)
  • Participants between 6-17 years old will be able to give assent and have a parent/guardian that can provide written informed consent, and 18 year-old participants will be able to provide written informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Do not meet DSM-IV criteria for any Axis I psychiatric illness per PI discretion (EXCEPT for Overweight or Obese Healthy reference group)
  • Any lifetime use of antipsychotics (EXCEPT for Antipsychotic-Treated Participants, with the individuals in the latter group possibly having a remote, brief prior antipsychotic exposure that may be considered for enrollment on a case by case basis by the PI)
  • The presence of any serious medical disorder that may confound the assessment of relevant biologic measures or diagnoses, including: significant organ system dysfunction; endocrine disease, including type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus; coagulopathy; anemia; or acute infection; all based on PI discretion Participants regularly taking within the last 3 months any glucose lowering agent, lipid lowering agent, exogenous testosterone, recombinant human growth hormone, or any other endocrine agent that might confound substrate metabolism, oral glucocorticoids (glucocorticoid nasal spray and inhalers are permitted), sedating antihistamines (non-sedating antihistamines such as but not limited to Claritin (loratadine) and Zyrtec (cetirizine) are permitted), and certain mood stabilizing agents including antiepileptic medications (lamotrigine is permitted) and Lithium, as these medications may themselves worsen or otherwise alter weight gain, glucose and lipid regulation or otherwise make it difficult to assess the effects of the antipsychotic alone; (note that exposure to many psychotropic agents including stimulants, SSRI's and SNRI's are permitted in the Antipsychotic-Treated and Non-Antipsychotic Treated Groups in Study 1 in order to maintain the generalizability of the sample)
  • IQ < 70 (based on school records and/or evaluation by clinician and at the discretion of the PI)
  • Current DSM IV diagnosed substance abuse or dependence
  • Past history of, or current dyskinesia
  • Stimulant dosage significantly higher (per PI judgment) than the equivalent of approximately 2 mg/kg/day methylphenidate equivalent dose (EXCEPT in the Obese or Overweight Control Group, none of whom can be taking stimulant medications)
  • Unable to provide assent or informed consent
  • Active suicidality or a primary diagnosis of depression
  • Unwilling to allow study staff to contact subject's primary care physician to alert to any significant, abnormal clinical findings or test results obtained as part of study participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01222494


Locations
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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ginger E Nicol, MD Washington University School of Medicine
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01222494     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-0425
K23MH092435 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 18, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 15, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
Child Psychiatry
Obesity
Antipsychotic
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Metabolic Syndrome
Mental Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs