Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020. Menu

Mycophenolate Mofetil for Reducing Cardiovascular Risk in Renal Transplant Recipients (MMCR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01213394
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor recruitment.)
First Posted : October 4, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2012
Hoffmann-La Roche
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ramesh Prasad, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this research study is to determine if adding or increasing the dose of CellCept while lowering the dose of tacrolimus (Prograf or Advagraf) or cyclosporine (Neoral), and/or steroids can reduce the likelihood of developing coronary heart disease in the next 10 years.

The investigators will calculate the change in risk of developing coronary heart disease using the Framingham score. The Framingham score is a mathematical equation that includes the following information: Age, Gender, Diabetes status, Smoking status, Lipids, Blood Pressure. The Framingham score estimates how likely it is that someone will develop coronary heart disease over the next 10 years.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Transplantation Cardiovascular Diseases Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Other: standard immunosuppression Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Kidney transplant recipients are required to take medications called immunosuppressants to lower their immune systems to help protect the donated kidney. The medications have improved over the years and as a result the donated kidneys are generally working longer. This allows the Transplant Team to focus more on the long term complications of kidney transplantation such as cardiovascular disease.

There have been few prospective (looking forward) research studies looking at kidney transplant recipient cardiovascular risk factors after transplant.

We know that immunosuppressive medications have a number of serious side effects that can increase cardiovascular disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, high lipids (fats in the blood), and high blood sugar. Medications such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine and prednisone work well to protect the donated kidney but are also known to increase the risk of developing or worsening cardiovascular disease.

CellCept is another type of immunosuppressive agent. CellCept is not associated as much with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

This is a pilot study being done to collect information about cardiovascular risk factors in kidney transplant recipients and to see if adjusting the immunosuppressive medications can help to lower the overall risk for developing heart disease in the future.

This research study plans to enroll 45 participants from 2 different transplant centres in Canada: St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto and St. Paul's Hospital in Saskatoon. The study duration is approximately 7 months per participant. The study will be looking for participants who are 30 years of age or older and who are at least 6 months after the transplant operation.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A 6-month, Prospective, Open-label, Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Study Evaluating the Efficacy, Safety and Toxicity of an Optimized Immunosuppressive Regimen of CellCept (Mycophenolate Mofetil, MMF) and Reduced Doses of Both Calcineurin-inhibitors and Prednisone in Renal Transplant Recipients With an Increased 10-year Coronary Heart Disease Risk
Study Start Date : October 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CellCept optimization Drug: mycophenolate mofetil

Introduction of CellCept or increase in the dose of CellCept to a maximum of 2 g/day. In patients not already receiving CellCept, azathioprine (AZA), enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) or sirolimus (SRL) will be discontinued and replaced by CellCept in divided doses to a maximum of 2 g/day. CNI doses will be reduced to conform to the target trough levels in the low-dose CNI arms of the ELITE-Symphony study +/- steroid dose reduction. Any CNI dose change will require measurement of CNI trough levels at 7 days post dose change +/- 3 days.

Target CNI trough levels in the Symphony study:

  • Low-dose CsA: Initial oral dose of 1-2 mg/kg bid, to achieve a target trough level of 50-100 ng/mL.
  • Low-dose TAC: Initial oral dose of 0.1 mg/kg/day divided into two doses* with a target trough level of 3-7 ng/mL (*Advagraf may also be used at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg once daily with a target trough level of 3-7 ng/mL)
Other Name: CellCept, MMF

Active Comparator: Control Other: standard immunosuppression
Current immunosuppressive therapy will be maintained throughout the study unless a change is required for safety reasons.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The change in the Framingham 10-yr age and gender adjusted score for coronary heart disease from baseline to Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
  2. The incidence of a composite of acute rejection (clinically suspected and biopsy-proven), graft loss or patient death. [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Framingham point total [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
    Change in Framingham point total from baseline to month 6

  2. Day and night blood pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
    Change in day and night blood pressure (defined by awake and sleep times) measured by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) from baseline to month 6

  3. Glucose metabolism [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
    Change in glucose metabolism, based on HbA1C levels in patients with and without diabetes, and the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose intolerance (IGT) in patients without overt diabetes from baseline/randomization to month 6.

  4. Lipid metabolism [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
    Change in lipid metabolism, measured by the fasting levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG)and ratio of TC to HDL-C from baseline/randomization to month 6

  5. Change in renal function [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 6 ]
    Change in renal function from baseline/randomization to month 6 as measured by serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate, (MDRD 4-variable equation), change in eGFR slope, change in chronic kidney disease (CKD), 24-hr urine creatinine clearance and protein/albumin excretion

  6. Adverse cardiovascular events [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Proportion of patients who experience any adverse cardiovascular event such as myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), fatal and non-fatal cerebrovascular events (including fatal or non-fatal stroke, transient ischemic attack, reversible ischemic neurological deficit and subarachnoid hemorrhage). Cardiovascular events will be adjudicated by a cardiologist blinded to treatment assignment.

  7. Highly-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) level [ Time Frame: Randomization to Month 6 ]
    Change in highly-sensitive CRP level between randomization and month 6.

  8. Change in other biomarkers of cardiovascular risk [ Time Frame: Randomization to Month 6 ]
    Change in other biomarkers of cardiovascular risk between randomization and month 6: human adiponectin (including its high molecular weight isoform), uric acid, early morning urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, B-type (brain) natriuretic peptide (BNP), fibrinogen, D-dimer (fibrin degradation fragment), advanced glycosylation endproduct (AGE), paraoxonase B, cystatin C, insulin, proinsulin, malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl, glutathione reductase/total and apolipoprotein A1, B and Lp(a).

  9. Incidence of MMF-attributable adverse events [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Incidence of MMF-attributable adverse events including gastrointestinal toxicities, thrombocytopenia, leucopenia and anemia.

  10. Additional treatment with cardiovascular co-interventions [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Requirements for additional treatment with cardiovascular co-interventions - as per guideline documents.

  11. Opportunistic infections [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Incidence of opportunistic infections

  12. Malignancies [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Incidence of malignancies

  13. Adverse events [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    All adverse events (AEs), including clinically significant abnormalities of clinical and laboratory parameters will be captured. Summary statistics will be created for all adverse events and will be summarized by treatment group, by relation to study treatment and seriousness of the event.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Renal transplant recipients who are ≥ 6 months post-day of transplant surgery.
  2. Single organ kidney recipient (may be for first or repeat transplant).
  3. Age ≥ 30 years of age as of the Day 0 visit.
  4. Immunosuppressive regimen consisting of a CNI (cyclosporine [CsA, Neoral] or tacrolimus [TAC, Prograf or Advagraf], corticosteroids and either MMF (CellCept), EC-MPS (Myfortic), AZA (Imuran) or SRL (Rapamune) at the baseline visit. Patients are to be maintained on the same dose(s) for at least 4 weeks prior to study enrolment.
  5. If the patient is taking an MPA immunosuppressant at the time of the screening visit, the MMF (CellCept) dose must be ≤ 1500 mg/day; or the EC-MPS (Myfortic) dose must be ≤ 1080 mg/day.
  6. Framingham risk factor score that exceeds the low comparative 10-year CHD risk, based on age and gender.
  7. Presence of at least one established CV risk factor at baseline warranting modification of the immunosuppressive regimen including:

    • Hypertension: Blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg systolic and/or ≥ 90 mmHg diastolic and/or requiring ≥ 1 antihypertensive medication.
    • Diabetes mellitus: Established diabetes requiring treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin, or known IFG or IGT based on 75-g oral glucose tolerance testing (2003 Canadian Diabetes Association criteria).
    • Hyperlipidemia: TC ≥ 5.2 mmol/L, or LDL-C ≥ 2.6 mmol/L, or TG ≥ 1.7 mmol/L, or TC:HDL ≥ 4 and/or requiring ≥ 1 anti-hyperlipidemia agent.
  8. Willingness and ability to complete protocol requirements.
  9. Written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Contraindication to receiving MMF (CellCept) or increasing CellCept dose.
  2. Clinically suspected acute rejection (AR) or BPAR within 3 months prior to the baseline visit.
  3. Proteinuria ≥ 1 g/24 hours
  4. Treatment with AZA (Imuran), EC-MPS (Myfortic) or SRL (Rapamune) and patient or physician decision not to discontinue these agents and switch to MMF (CellCept) at the time of randomization.
  5. MDRD (4-variable) eGFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2
  6. Patients who currently exceed thresholds for plasma glucose, cholesterol or blood pressure. Patients may be re-considered 1 month after the treatment is in place and no further therapeutic changes are anticipated.
  7. Patients who require changes to their blood pressure, blood sugar or blood lipid management between the Screening Visit and Day 0. Patients may be re-considered 1 month after the adjusted treatment is in place and no further therapeutic changes are anticipated.
  8. Pregnancy, lactation or (for women of childbearing potential) inability or decision not to use a reliable method of contraception for the entire study duration.
  9. Active infection requiring treatment.
  10. Treatment with unlicensed investigational drugs, devices or other prohibited medications - see Section 4.4.1
  11. Participation in any other interventional clinical trial during the previous 4 weeks or during this trial.
  12. History of malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer that has been totally excised and has not recurred for >2 years.
  13. History of psychological illness or condition that could interfere with the patient's ability to understand or comply with the study requirements.
  14. Presence of other significant diseases or issues which, in the opinion of the sponsor-investigator, may:

    • Put the patient at risk as a result of study participation
    • Influence the study result
    • Affect the patient's ability to participate in the study
    • Require a change in immunosuppression medication used or a dose change within the next 6 months (unstable renal function, gout that may require treatment with prednisone, etc)
    • Reduce life expectancy. Examples include but are not limited to history of noncompliance and transportation issues that could affect a participant's ability to successfully complete the study requirements. Inability or refusal to provide blood samples, end-stage disease of organs such as lung, liver or heart.
  15. Exclusion of patients who are hypersensitive to CellCept (mycophenolate mofetil), mycophenolic acid or any component of the drug).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01213394

Layout table for location information
Canada, Ontario
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5C 2T2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ramesh Prasad
Hoffmann-La Roche
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ramesh Prasad, MBBS MSc St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Ramesh Prasad, Staff Nephrologist, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto Identifier: NCT01213394    
Other Study ID Numbers: ML25073
First Posted: October 4, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012
Keywords provided by Ramesh Prasad, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto:
Framingham score
kidney transplant
cardiovascular disease
mycophenolate mofetil
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cardiovascular Diseases
Mycophenolic Acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action