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Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Early Stage Breast Cancer (IORT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01189851
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 27, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian

Brief Summary:
Up to 200 patients with biopsy proven early stage breast cancer selecting Wide Local Excision (WLE) will undergo mammography, ultrasound (of affected breast and ipsilateral axilla) and contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) of the affected breast to evaluate the extent of disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Device: Intraoperative Radiotherapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Patients will be deemed eligible for immediate IORT if the invasive cancer lesion is estimated to measure ≤ 3.0 centimeters maximum dimension by mammogram, ultrasound, and CE-MRI and is thought to be resectable with WLE and clear surgical margins, with clinically staged N0M0 disease, minimum age of 48, and histology of invasive ductal or lobular carcinoma of the breast. The lesion size determined by imaging will be compared with lesion size and surgical margin status obtained from the surgical pathology specimen to evaluate the ability of mammography combined with ultrasound and CE-MRI to identify suitable candidates for immediate IORT.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intraoperative Radiotherapy (IORT) for the Management of Carcinoma of the Breast: Use of Mammography, Ultrasonography,and Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CE-MRI) to Identify Candidates for IORT
Actual Study Start Date : June 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Treated with Intraoperative Radiation Therapy
Device: Intraoperative Radiotherapy
The Axxent eBx™ System utilizes a miniaturized high dose rate (HDR) X-ray source to apply radiation directly to the cancerous tumor bed and provides brachytherapy when the physician chooses to deliver intracavitary or interstitial radiation to the surgical margins following lumpectomy for breast cancer.
Other Names:
  • 510(k) Number K050843
  • Axxent™ Electronic Brachytherapy System

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants Receiving Additional Surgery Because of Positive or Close Margins as a Measure of the Accuracy of Pre-Operative Assessment [ Time Frame: 10 years ]
    Invasive cancer margins <1 mm and/or non-invasive cancer margins < 2 mm are considered close or positive. Approximately 15% of patients treated with IORT have close or positive margins on pathologic assessment following IORT therapy and are recommended for additional therapy including re-excision, whole breast radiation or both.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants Recommended to Have Additional Whole Breast Radiation Therapy (WBRT) Because of High Risk Features Found on Final Pathology as a Measure of the Accuracy of Pre-Operative Assessment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Patients treated with IORT that have high risk features on final pathologic exam, including close/positive margins, tumor size >30 mm, positive lymph nodes and lympho-vascular invasion (LVI) are recommended for additional therapy including re-excision, whole breast radiation or both.

  2. Proportion of Participants with Tumor Size Larger than the Entry Criteria Size and/or Positive Lymph Nodes as a Measure of the Accuracy of Pre-Operative Assessment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Both tumor size and lymph node status are estimated prior to surgery using mammography, ultrasound and MRI (unless excluded for medical reasons). Patients with estimated tumor spans > 30 mm or positive lymph nodes are excluded from IORT.

  3. Proportion of Participants with Serious Adverse Events and/or Complications as a Measure of the Safety of the Treatment Algorithm [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    We will be monitoring acute side effects attributed directly to IORT. These includ erythemia, hyperpigmentation, fibrosis, seromas, infection and wound breakdown.

  4. Cosmesis Scores by Physician and Self-Assessment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    The first 213 IORT patients treated will be asked to fill out a yearly cosmesis assessment. Patients filled out these assessments for an average of 2-3 years.

  5. Progression Free Survival in the First Five Years [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    We will follow progression free survival for 5 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   48 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Informed Consent. Each eligible patient must willingly give written consent after being informed of the procedures to be followed, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternatives, potential benefits, side effects, risks, and discomforts.
  2. Histology. Patients must have biopsy-proven invasive ductal or lobular carcinoma of the breast.
  3. Female, age ≥ 48 years.
  4. Clinically and/or histologically negative axillary lymph nodes.
  5. No imaging or clinical findings that indicate metastatic disease.
  6. Procedure deemed appropriate based upon factors such as breast size by the treating surgeon and radiation oncologist.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Male sex
  2. Age < 48
  3. Non-epithelial breast malignancies such as sarcoma, lymphoma, or metastatic breast cancer
  4. Pregnancy or lactation
  5. Serious psychiatric or addictive disorders
  6. More than one obvious cancer in the same breast as diagnosed by clinical examination, mammography, ultrasonography, and/or CE-MRI.
  7. Bilateral breast cancer at the time of diagnosis, unless agreed upon by the surgeon and radiation oncologist.
  8. Ipsilateral breast with a previous cancer and/or irradiation.
  9. Extensive Intraductal Component (DCIS ≥ 25% of the tumor).
  10. Patients presenting with gross nodal disease considered to be clinically malignant by scanning or proven cytologically or by sentinel node biopsy will be cancelled.
  11. Previous history of malignant disease does not preclude entry if the expectation of relapse-free survival at 10 years is 90% or greater.
  12. Lymphovascular invasion on needle biopsy.
  13. Patients undergoing primary medical treatment (hormones or chemotherapy) as initial treatment with intent to reduce tumor size.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01189851

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United States, California
Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian - Cancer Center
Newport Beach, California, United States, 92658
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian
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Principal Investigator: Peter V Chen, MD Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian

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Responsible Party: Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian Identifier: NCT01189851    
Other Study ID Numbers: IORT
First Posted: August 27, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian:
electronic brachytherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases