The Expression and Effect of Cyr61 in Urinary Tract Transitional Cell Carcinoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01189838|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2010 by Far Eastern Memorial Hospital.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : August 27, 2010
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2010
|Condition or disease|
|Carcinoma, Transitional Cell|
- Patients: as shown in inclusion criteria
- Surgical samples Surgical specimens from included patients with TCC who underwent surgery will be collected. The samples will be examined histologically for the presence of tumor cells. Independent pathologists who are blinded to the records of the patients will perform histological examinations. Tumor grade is determined on the basis of cytological features. There are three grades of TCC, as proposed by Mostofi et al. and adopted by the American Bladder Tumor Registry of the World Health Organization. These are based on degree of anaplasia: Grade 1 tumors show mild cytological atypia and rare mitosis; Grade 2 tumors show moderate cytological atypical and the presence of mitotic figures; and Grade 3 tumors show severe cytological atypia and frequent mitotic figures. Lymph node metastasis, lymphatic invasion, and venous invasion will be evaluated by pathology reports and image study. Clinical staging of TCC is based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging (AJCC) TNM system.
- Immunohistochemical stain Paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed surgical specimens were collected for Cyr61 immunohistochemical staining. Heat-induced epitope retrieval will be performed with a pressure cooker and TRIS buffer (pH 9.0) for 2 min. They will be allowed to cool for 15 min, rinsed in distilled water twice and in PBS for 5 min. The sections will then be treated with 0.5% hydrogen peroxidase/PBS for 20 min at room temperature to block the endogenous peroxidase. They will subsequently be blocked with 10% normal goat serum for 30 min at room temperature, and then incubated with polyclonal anti-Cyr61 antibody (Santa Cruz, CA) at 4°C overnight. The specific antibodies will be omitted in sections as negative controls. The sections will be washed three times in PBS/0.2% Triton X-100 for 10 min and incubated with biotin-conjugated secondary antibodies (DAKO, Carpinteria, CA) for 1 hour at room temperature the following day. They will then be incubated with the avidin-biotin-peroxidase reagent (DAKO) for another 1 hour at room temperature. After three washes in PBS/0.2% Triton X-100 for 10 min each, the reactions on sections will be detected with peroxidase substrate containing diaminobenzidine chromagen (DAKO). The slides will be counterstained with hematoxylin. If >50% of the tumor cells are positively stained, the specimen will be grouped as "positive". All other staining results will be regarded as negative.
- Statistical analysis For statistical analysis, P values are based on two-sided, parametric Student's t tests. A P value of <0.05 on the basis of at least three independent sets of experiments is considered to be statistically significant. In the clinical sets of project, Chi-squire test and Student's t test will be used to study the association of Cyr61 expression with single clinical factors (age, gender, pathology, and grade). Kaplan-Meier survival curves for patients with positive versus negative Cyr61 expression will be plotted and log-rank test will be used for comparing the equality of the two survival curves. Cox proportional hazard model will also be developed to correlate the clinical characteristics, survival, and the expression of Cyr61.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Official Title:||The Expression and Effect of Cyr61 in Urinary Tract Transitional Cell Carcinoma|
|Study Start Date :||January 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2010|
Low Cyr61 immunohistochemical stain in patients' TCC tumor
High Cyr61 immunohistochemical stain in patients' TCC tumor
- Patient survival [ Time Frame: 5 year ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01189838
|Contact: Chun-Fu Lai, M.D.||+886-2-89667000 ext email@example.com|
|Far Eastern Memorial Hospital||Recruiting|
|Banciao City, Taipei, Taiwan, 220|
|Contact: Chun-Fu Lai, M.D. +886-2-89667000 ext 1163 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Chun-Fu Lai, M.D.||Far Eastern Memorial Hospital|