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Study of Blood and Tissue Samples in Children With Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01185886
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 20, 2010
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Collecting and storing samples of tumor tissue, blood, bone marrow, and other body fluids from patients to test in the laboratory and collecting information about the patient's health and treatment may help doctors learn more about cancer and help the study of cancer in the future. Studying these samples in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment.

PURPOSE: This research study is collecting and looking at blood and tissue samples in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Leukemia Lymphoma Genetic: gene expression analysis Genetic: mutation analysis Genetic: polymorphism analysis Other: biologic sample preservation procedure Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: pharmacogenomic studies

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Collect clinical data in parallel with biological data and samples from children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia for biobanking, and use part of the biobanked material to perform specific translational projects to achieve objectives II-IV.
  • To identify new prognostic factors (e.g., minimal-residual disease [MRD] significance in small subgroups, miRNAs expression profile, PAX5 mutation, genetic abnormalities in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia [T-ALL], and RAS pathway activation) and future therapeutic targets in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • To identify leukemia cell genetic alterations (e.g., mutations in T-ALL and miRNA expression in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia [B-ALL]) and related molecular pathways (e.g., RAS pathway) underlying leukemogenesis.
  • To identify patient pharmacogenetic polymorphisms impacting individual response to corticosteroids as part of standard therapy and investigate their prognostic significance.

OUTLINE: This is a prospective observational biobanking study.

Patients undergo clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging periodically. Data are collected before, during, and after first-line standard therapy. Clinical data are collected from all patients in parallel with the biological data and samples. Biological samples are partly used to perform specific translational research (TR) projects. Remaining biological materials are stored for future research.

The following TR projects are performed on the biological samples for this study. Biological samples are analyzed for allele-specific amplification of Ig/TCR clonal rearrangements to quantify minimal-residual disease (MRD) via real-time PCR (TR1 Project); miRNA expression via qPCR (TR 2 Project); the detection of main point mutations via high-resolution melting PCR (TR 3 Project); genetic polymorphisms via real-time TaqMan allelic-discrimination method (TR 4 Project); clinical significance of genetic abnormalities via quantitative real-time RT-PCR, direct sequencing, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (TR 5 Project); and RAS pathway activation via single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis and gene-expression analysis (TR 6 Project).

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 1200 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Translational Research - Observational Study for Identification of New Possible Prognostic Factors and Future Therapeutic Targets in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Actual Study Start Date : June 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2021





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-free survival
  2. Disease-free interval from complete remission
  3. Response to pre-phase standard therapy
  4. Adverse events to induction standard therapy
  5. Overall survival
  6. Biomarker levels


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), meeting the following criteria:

    • FAB L1 or L2 morphology (any immunophenotype) and acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (including biphenotypic or bilineal acute lymphoblastic leukemia)

      • Patients with mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) (FAB L3 morphology and immunophenotypical mature B phenotype or B-ALL with documented presence of karyotype t(8;14), t(2;8) t(8;22) or breakpoints as in mature B-ALL) are excluded from this study
  • Patients must also meet the following criteria for participating in individual translational research (TR) project:

    • TR 1 project (MRD prognostic significance in small ALL subgroups):

      • All patients, categorized according to response to pre-phase (< or > 1,000 peripheral blasts/mm³ at day 8) and minimal-residual disease (MRD) level at end of the induction therapy
      • iAmp(21q) detected at presentation
      • Hypodiploidy detected at presentation by karyotype and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and/or DNA index
    • TR 2 project (miRNAs expression in pediatric ALL):

      • Initially, average-risk 1 (AR1) patients
      • In a second stage, the analysis might be extended to low-risk patients that still show treatment failure and high-risk ALL patients
    • TR 3 project (Prognostic value of newly described mutations in childhood B-ALL)

      • Initially, only B-cell precursor ALL patients
    • TR 4 project (Pharmacogenetics of the response to prephase and induction therapy):

      • All ALL patients
    • TR 5 project (Clinical significance of genetic abnormalities in childhood T-ALL) :

      • All patients with T-cell ALL, as defined by expression of T-cell surface antigens
    • TR 6 project (RAS pathway activation in childhood B-ALL):

      • All patients with B-lineage ALL
  • Patients with Philadelphia-chromosome positive ALL (documented presence of t(9;22)(q34;q11) and/or of the BCR/ABL fusion transcript) are eligible
  • Scheduled to receive therapy as per institutional standard practice and have not started therapy (except for a maximum of 7 days of systemic corticosteroids prior to diagnosis)
  • May only be registered to this study once

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially hampering participation in the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • Patients with Down syndrome are eligible

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01185886


Locations
Show Show 21 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Helene Cave CHU - Hopital Robert Debre
Principal Investigator: Yves Benoit, MD Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent
Principal Investigator: Yves Bertrand, MD Hospices Civils de Lyon
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01185886    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-58081
EORTC-58081
EU-21057
First Posted: August 20, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
untreated childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L1 childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L2 childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
B-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
T-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
stage I childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage II childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage III childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage IV childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
Philadelphia chromosome positive childhood precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases