Working… Menu

Penostatin, Rituximab and Ontak and Allogeneic Natural Killer (NK) Cells for Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01181258
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2010
Results First Posted : May 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 6, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
In this study the investigators investigate a cell therapy strategy that could harness allogeneic effectors that can potentially mediate anti-lymphoma effect. The investigators have designed a novel lymphodepleting conditioning regimen followed by infusion of donor-derived natural killer (NK) cells and interleukin-2 (IL-2) for patients with refractory lymphoid malignancies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Drug: Rituximab Biological: Interleukin-2 Biological: Natural killer cells Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Methylprednisolone Drug: Fludarabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single center phase II trial designated to expand donor NK cells and induce remissions in patients with refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) using chemotherapy followed by haploidentical NK cells and IL2.

Primary Objective is to evaluate the objective response rate (PR+CR) at 2 months post haploidentical NK cell infusion in patients with refractory Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Secondary Objective is to 1) evaluate the safety and tolerability of lymphodepleting chemotherapy, rituximab, and methylprednisone as determined by incidence of serious adverse events; 2) evaluate in vivo expansion of allogeneic donor NK cells at day 14; 3) determine time to progression

Exploratory Objective is to 1) correlate clinical response with frequencies of peripheral blood T reg cells after chemotherapy; 2) correlate clinical response with donor KIR-B-content score determined by genotype; 3) monitor phenotypic and functional characteristics of natural killer cells and regulatory T cells in vivo; 4) correlate clinical response with donor FcR polymorphism.

  • Pre-NK cell infusion chemotherapeutic regimen consist of 1) Rituximab 375mg/m2 IV weekly x 4, start day -7; 2) Fludarabine 25 mg/m2 IV day -6 through day -2; 3) Cyclophosphamide 60mg/kg IV day -5; 4) Methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg day -2 through day +9.
  • NK cell infusion using IL2 activated donor NK cells 1.5 to 8 x 107 cells/kg IV day 0
  • IL2 SC 9 million IU every other day x 6 doses over 2 weeks begin 1 to 24 hours after NK cell infusion. If weight < 45 kilograms, give IL-2 at 5 million units/m2 on same schedule

Accrual Goal: Up to 17 patients will be enrolled

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Lymphodepleting Chemotherapy With Rituximab and Allogeneic Natural Killer Cells for Patients With Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies (MT2009-15)
Study Start Date : August 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Rituximab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Patients Receiving NK Cell Infusion
Non-Myeloablative Conditioning Using Rituximab, Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide and Methylprednisolone followed by Interleukin 2-activated Allogeneic Natural Killer Cells infusion for Patients with Refractory NHL and CLL
Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m^2 administered intravenously (IV) weekly * 4, (day -7, -1, +6, +13) pre-infusion with natural killer cells (NK)
Other Names:
  • Rituxan
  • MabThera

Biological: Interleukin-2
subcutaneously administered 9 million international units (IU) every other day * 6 doses over 2 weeks begin 1 to 24 hours after NK cell infusion. If weight < 45 kilograms, give IL-2 at 5 million units/m2 on same schedule.
Other Name: IL-2

Biological: Natural killer cells
administered intravenously 1.5 to 8 * 10^7 cells/kg on Day 0 (day of NK cell infusion)
Other Name: NK cells

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
60 mg/kg administered intravenously (IV) for 2 hours on day -5 after Fludarabine.
Other Name: Cytoxan

Drug: Methylprednisolone
1 mg/kg on Days -2 through +9 as an intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: Medrol

Drug: Fludarabine
25 mg/m^2/day administered as a 1 hour IV infusion once a day for 5 doses (day -6 through day -2).
Other Name: Fludara

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With an Objective Response [ Time Frame: Month 2 Post Infusion ]
    The number of patients with a partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). For patients with non-hodgkin's lymphoma: CR - complete disappearance of all detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms. PR - at least a 50% decrease in sum of the product of the diameters of up to six of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses. For patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: CR - disappearance of all palpable disease, normalization of the blood counts without transfusions, bone marrow aspirate lymphocyte percentage < 30%, and no evidence of disease on bone marrow biopsy. PR - 50% or more reduction in palpable disease as well as one or more of the remaining features: neutrophils >= 1.5 × 109/L or 50% improvement over baseline, platelets more than 100 × 109/L or 50% improvement over baseline, and hemoglobin more than 11.0 g/dL or 50% improvement over baseline without transfusions.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Month 12 ]
    Number of participants experiencing serious adverse events that occur during study. Adverse event collection for the purposes of this study will focus on targeted adverse events and unexpected adverse events at specific time points in relation to the NK cell infusion and post infusion IL2 injections.

  2. Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Month 12 ]
    Cumulative incidence will be used to determine time to disease progression.

  3. Patients With Expansion of NK Cells [ Time Frame: Day 14 ]
    Number of patients who experience in vivo expansion of allogeneic donor natural killer (NK) cells.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients of any age with diagnosis of:

    • Relapsed/refractory lymphoma (B cell non-Hodgkin) who have lack of objective response to at least two prior chemotherapy regimens
    • Relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia with high risk features: lack of objective response or relapse within 6 months following nucleoside-analogue based chemotherapy regimen or patients with 17p deletion CLL who lacked objective response to at least 1 preceding chemotherapy regimen
  • Available related HLA haploidentical NK cell donor by at least Class I serologic typing at the A&B locus (age 12-75 years)
  • Karnofsky > 70% for patients 16 years and older and Lansky play score > 50 for patients under 16 years of age
  • Measurable disease based on modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
  • Have acceptable organ function as defined within 28 days of enrollment:

    • Hematologic: platelets ≥ 80,000 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL, unsupported by transfusions within 7 days; absolute neutrophile count (ANC) ≥ 1000 x 10^9/L, unsupported by Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) for 10 days or Neulasta for 21 days - the hematologic requirements are waived for patients with inadequate counts due to known bone marrow involvement by disease who are otherwise eligible
    • Renal: calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 50 ml/min
    • Hepatic: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 5 x upper limit of normal and total bilirubin ≤3 mg/dl - hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known disease involvement in the liver if otherwise eligible
    • Pulmonary function: >40% corrected Carbon Monoxide Diffusing Capacity (DLCO) and Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (oxygen saturation [>92%] can be used in child where pulmonary function tests (PFT's) cannot be obtained)
    • Cardiac: no symptoms of uncontrolled cardiac disease, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40%
  • Able to be off prednisone or other immunosuppressive medications for at least 3 day prior to Day 0 (excluding denileukin diftitox pre-medications)
  • Sexually active women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment.
  • Voluntary written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study may be teratogenic to a fetus and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to enrollment to rule out pregnancy. Women of childbearing age must use appropriate contraceptive method.
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma/leukemia - Patients with prior CNS involvement are eligible provided that it has been treated and is in remission.
  • Active serious infection (pulmonary infiltrates or lesions are allowed only after the appropriate diagnostic testing is negative for infection or appropriate therapy was initiated for probable infection)
  • Pleural effusion large enough to be detectable on chest x-ray (CXR)
  • Evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or known HIV positive serology
  • Active concurrent malignancy (except skin cancer)
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder
  • Positive HBsAg. If HBcAb is positive, Hepatitis B DNA by PCR will be evaluated. Positive anti HBcAb with an undetectable viral load does not exclude the patient.
  • Any investigational therapy in the past 30 days
  • Patients following allogeneic stem cell transplantation are eligible in the absence of graft versus host disease and are off immunosuppression for at least 30 days
  • Known allergy to any of the study agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01181258

Layout table for location information
United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Veronika Bachanova, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT01181258    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009LS083
MT2009-15 ( Other Identifier: Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program )
1002M77545 ( Other Identifier: IRB, University of Minnesota )
First Posted: August 13, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 18, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 6, 2018
Last Verified: January 2016
Keywords provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:
related HLA-haploidentical donor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, B-Cell
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents