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Individualized Nutrition for Adult Recipients of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplants - Effect on Quality of Life (NASQ)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01181076
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2010
Results First Posted : January 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 22, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kristin Joan Skaarud, Oslo University Hospital

Brief Summary:

Aim

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) combined with several cycles of intensive chemotherapy is the only curative treatment for several malignant blood diseases. Most allo-SCT patients who are treated with intensive chemotherapy often have reduced nutritional status. Several studies have evaluated the effect of different nutrition intervention for allo-SCT patients, but there have not been found evidence-based recommendations for energy requirements, use of enteral nutrition (EN) and/or parenteral nutrition (PN). We are not aware of studies using QoL as end-point among allo-SCT patients allocated to specific nutrition intervention.

Main hypothesis:

Patients who receive individualized nutrition have better "global" QoL assessed with the European Organisation for Research and Treatment in Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-HDC29 tool three months after SCT

Sub-hypotheses:

Patients who receive individualized nutrition have:

i) less often oral mucositis grade 3-4. ii) better nutrition status iii) decreased length of hospital stay, less episodes with fever, earlier engraftment and less often acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) grade 3-4, and iv) better main QoL scores on the scale for physical and social functions, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea/vomiting and diarrhoea three months after allogeneic SCT, compared to the control group.

Patients and methods A minimum sample of 100 patients will be included in the study. The patients enrolled in the study will be randomly assigned to the intervention- or control group. The patients in the intervention group will receive a therapeutic diet in combination with tube feeding with an additional PN if the estimated requirements by the enteral route is lower than reference values. The patients in the control group will receive nutrition support after established routine, first by the oral route, later by the PN route.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Effect of Individualized Nutrition on Quality of Life Dietary Supplement: Individualized Nutrition Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Patients and methods

A minimum sample of 100 patients will be included in the study. This is the result of a power calculation where a difference of 15 of global QoL is the primary end-point. All patients who fulfil the inclusion criteria and are offered allo-SCT with myeloablative condition are invited to participate in the study about 1-3 months before commencing the treatment. The patients have to give their written informed consent to participate in the study. The patients enrolled in the study will be randomly assigned in blocks to the intervention- or control group. The main end-point is three months after SCT. We will follow the patients throughout the first year after SCT.

Nutrition intervention

The interventions start when the patients are arriving at the hospital for SCT and consist of individualized nutrition supplement for each patient until discharge. The severity of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and mouth soreness will be a measure of the administration route of nutrition (oral, PN and/or EN). The energy requirements will be calculated and the intake monitored. The energy intake will continuously be adjusted to the energy requirements. The patients who are able to achieve oral nutrition requirement will receive a therapeutic diet using regular foods, which is lactose-reduced and energy-enriched. The naso-jejunal tube will be inserted during the first five days after transplantation. EN will be given when oral intake discontinue, and an additional PN will be given if the estimated requirements by the enteral route is lower than reference values. Dislodged tubes will promptly be replaced until two times in the stomach. If the tube dislodge for more than two times, or voluminous diarrhea appears, or the patients refuse the tube, the patients will be nourished by the PN route only. The patients in the intervention group will receive dietary recommendation before leaving the hospital. The patients in the control group will be nourished after established routine, first by the oral route, later by the PN route. Naso-jejunal tube will not be inserted and enteral nutrition will not be given.

Measurement of quality of life, mucositis and nutrition status

The patients score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 form at admission, i.e. 8 days prior to SCT, then after 3 and 6 weeks and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. At the same time we will measure the following several markers of nutritional status and parameters of hemostasis. We will also record routine clinical parameters as well as anthropometry and body composition using electrical bioimpedance. WHO Oral Toxicity Grading Scale will be used to measure oral mucositis. In addition we will use the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 119 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Individualized Nutrition for Adult Recipients of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplants - Effect on Quality of Life
Actual Study Start Date : August 10, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Individualized Nutrition Dietary Supplement: Individualized Nutrition
The patients who are able to achieve oral nutrition requirement will receive a therapeutic diet using regular foods, which is lactose-reduced and energy-enriched. The naso-jejunal tube will be inserted during the first five days after transplantation. EN will be given when oral intake discontinue. EN with an additional PN will be given if the estimated requirements by the enteral route is lower than reference values.

No Intervention: Control group
The patients in the control group will be nourished after established routine, first by the oral route, later by the PN route. Naso-jejunal tube will not be inserted and enteral nutrition will not be given.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Global Quality of Life Score [ Time Frame: 3 month after transplantation ]
    A score for measurement of global quality of life will be obtained from the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer, form EORTC QLQ-C30. The scores range from 0 to 100, higher scores mean better outcome.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Underweight Participants [ Time Frame: 3 month after transplantation ]
    Nutritional status will be assessed with anthropometry, biomarkers and bioimpedance. Here the number of underweight participants is reported.

  2. Number of Episodes With Fever [ Time Frame: Up to 8 months ]
    Fever episodes

  3. Duration Between Stem Cell Transplantation and Day of Engraftment. [ Time Frame: Up to 1 months ]
    Engraftment was judged by the number of days to neutrophils ≥0.2 × 109/l.

  4. Frequency of Acute Graft Versus Host Disease Grade 3-4 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
  5. Number of Participants With Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: Up to 8 months ]
  6. Number of Participants With Pain, as Determined by EORTC QLQ C30 [ Time Frame: 3 months after transplantation ]
    These scores (range 0-100) will be assessed with the EORTC QLQ C30 form. Higher scores means more pain.

  7. Number of Participants With Oral Mucositis Grade 3-4 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
    Oral mucositis will be graded according to the World Health Organization Oral Toxicity Grading Scale, range 0-4 in scores, higher scores mean worse outcome.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • acute lymphatic leukaemia, acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic myeloproliferative disease and chronic myelogenous leukaemia and other disorders accepted for allogeneic stem cell transplantation, following myeloablative conditioning

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable to give informed consent
  • unable to adhere to protocol due to reasons unrelated to the hematological condition

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01181076


Locations
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Norway
Oslo University Hospital
Oslo, Norway, 0027
Russian Federation
Pavlov State Medical University of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oslo University Hospital
St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Per O Iversen, MD Oslo University Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Kristin Joan Skaarud, Oslo University Hospital:
Study Protocol  [PDF] October 23, 2009
No Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP) exists for this study.

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Responsible Party: Kristin Joan Skaarud, Per Ole Iversen, MD, Oslo University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01181076    
Other Study ID Numbers: S-09136c
First Posted: August 13, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 22, 2020
Last Update Posted: January 22, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Keywords provided by Kristin Joan Skaarud, Oslo University Hospital:
Stem cell transplantation
Individualized Nutrition
Quality of life
Oral Mucositis
Adult