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Effectiveness of Routine Application Of Anterior Approach During Right Hepatectomy (AA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01180088
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2010 by Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano di Torino.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 11, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2010
Information provided by:
Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano di Torino

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study was to evaluated the advantages of routine application of the anterior approach in patients scheduled to right hepatectomy or extended right hepatectomy, without infiltration of segment 1, inferior vena cava or main bile duct.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liver Neoplasm Procedure: RIGHT HEPATECTOMY WITH CLASSIC APPROACH Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Mobilization of the liver during right hepatectomy with classic approach is performed before parenchymal transection. In this phase severe bleeding may occur due to laceration of the inferior vena cava (IVC) wall, rupture or ligation falling off the hepatic short vein (HSV) or bleeding from the right liver attachments. Besides, the twisting of the portal pedicle during mobilization can render the left hepatic lobe ischemic for transient interruption of the hepatopetal flow. These events are more frequent in case of large hepatic lesions (mainly HCC) that involves surrounding structures (such as diaphragm). Two of the most important factors that affect the postoperative course of patients undergoing liver resections are indeed intraoperative bleeding and postoperative liver dysfunction. For these reasons Lai et al proposed anterior approach as alternative to classic right hepatectomy. In this case liver mobilization is performed only at the end of parenchymal transection, when all vascular connections are already interrupted. Liu et al published the results of a retrospective study in which 54 patients with, right sided HCC greater than 5 cm underwent right hepatectomy using the anterior approach technique. The anterior approach group had significantly less intraoperative blood loss, less need of blood transfusion and a lower hospital mortality rate. The same group reported results of a prospective randomized controlled study analyzing 120 patients with large (>5 cm) right liver HCC. The overall operative blood loss, morbidity, and duration of hospital stay were comparable in both groups. However, a higher number of patients in classic approach group experienced mayor operative blood loss (> 2000 cc) and required blood transfusions (8.3% vs. 28.3%).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effectiveness of Routine Application Of Anterior Approach During Right Hepatectomy: A Randomized Trial
Study Start Date : August 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Liver Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
The right portal branch and the right branch of the hepatic artery were identified, dissected and divided. Extraparenchymal ligation of pedicles for Sg4 was performed in case of extended right hepatectomy. The falciform and the right triangular ligaments were sectioned and the right liver up to the retrohepatic vena cava was totally mobilized by section and sutures of the accessory right hepatic veins. The right hepatic vein was controlled in an extrahepatic plane and encircled with a tape. At the end of parenchymal transection right hepatic vein was sectioned with endovascular stapler. The right bile duct and middle hepatic vein (in case of extended right hepatectomy) were divided intraparenchymally
Other Name: Right Hepatectomy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. OVERALL BLOOD LOSS [ Time Frame: UP TO 7 DAYS ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients between 18 and 80 years
  • patients scheduled to right hepatectomy or extended right hepatectomy
  • the future remnant liver (FRL) ≥ 25% in patients with a normal liver or ≥ 30% in those with chronic liver disease
  • indocyanine green retention rate (ICG) at 15 minutes ≤ 10% in cirrhotic patients

Exclusion Criteria:

  • resection of S1
  • resection of bile duct
  • infiltration of inferior vena cava
  • America Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade IV
  • Emergency surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01180088

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Ospedale Mauriziano di Torino
Turin, Italy, 10100
Contact: Alessandro Ferrero, MD    00390115082590   
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Capussotti, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano di Torino
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Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Capussotti, MD Ospedale Mauriziano di Torino
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Lorenzo Capussotti MD, Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano di Torino Identifier: NCT01180088    
Other Study ID Numbers: AA001
First Posted: August 11, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2010
Last Verified: August 2010
Keywords provided by Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano di Torino:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases