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Clinical Trial of BP1001 (L-Grb-2 Antisense Oligonucleotide) in CML, AML, ALL & MDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01159028
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 9, 2010
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bio-Path Holdings, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The first goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest safe dose of BP1001, a liposomal Growth Factor Receptor Bound Protein-2 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (L-Grb2 AS), for patients with Philadelphia Chromosome positive CML, AML, ALL and MDS. The response of the leukemia to this treatment will also be studied. The second goal of this clinical research study is to evaluate the safety and toxicity of the combination of BP1001 and concurrent low-dose ara-C (LDAC) in patients with AML.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Ph1 Positive CML Drug: BP1001 Drug: BP1001 in combination with LDAC Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The Philadelphia Chromosome is an unusual genetic trait found in 90-95% of patients with CML and approximately 20-25% of patients with ALL. The protein created by this unusual trait causes normal cells within the body to become cancer cells, and then causes these cells to grow and divide at a rapid rate. Researchers think that the protein "Growth Factor Receptor Bound Protein-2 (Grb-2)" plays an important role in the rapid growth of leukemic cells. The study drug (BP1001) may be able to inhibit the cells from making Grb-2. Researchers hope that without this protein, the leukemia cells will die.

Up to 60 patients are expected to be enrolled on this study.

Part A: Dose escalation: Each cohort will receive BP1001 at a dose higher than the previous group.

Part B: Dose-expansion Cohorts: Subjects with relapsed or refractory AML will receive escalating doses of BP1001 concurrently with fixed low-dose ara-C (LDAC)

The study drug is an antisense molecule complementary to the messenger RNA (mRNA) code for the cell's expression of the protein Grb-2. The study drug is incorporated into lipid (fat) particles known as liposomes. This incorporation process is part of the manufacturing process and is done before the study drug is administered. The liposomes (which carry the study drug) will be administered intravenously twice a week for 28 days. Subjects enrolled in Part B of the study will receive study drug twice a week for 28 days concurrently with low dose ara-C, self administered twice daily for 10 consecutive days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Clinical Trial to Study the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of BP1001 (L-Grb-2 Antisense Oligonucleotide) in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, or Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, and Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : June 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BP1001
Subjects are treated with open-label study drug (BP1001) in a dose-escalation model.
Drug: BP1001
Study drug (BP1001) is constituted in normal saline, administered by IV on twice weekly for 28 days.
Other Names:
  • Liposomal Grb-2
  • L-Grb-2
  • BP-100-1.01

Experimental: BP1001 in combination with LDAC
AML subjects are treated with open-label escalating study drug (BP1001) in combination with low dose ara-C (LDAC)
Drug: BP1001 in combination with LDAC
Study drug (BP1001) is constituted in normal saline, administered by IV twice weekly for 28 days. Low dose ara-C (LDAC) is self administered twice daily for 10 consecutive days during the 28 day cycle.
Other Names:
  • Liposomal Grb-2
  • L-Grb-2
  • BP-100-1.01
  • low dose ara-C

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of BP1001 [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Evaluate toxicity, tolerance, and MTD of escalating doses of BP1001

  2. Safety of BP1001 in combination with LDAC [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Evaluate safety and toxicity of the combination of BP1001 and concurrent LDAC using non-hematologic and hematologic measures per NCI CTCAE criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Optimal biologically active dose [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Determine the optimal biologically active dose of BP1001 defined as a 50% reduction in Grb-2 expression in circulating leukemia cells

  2. In vivo pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Evaluate the in vivo PK of BP1001 in all subjects using plasma and urine to compute half life and elimination

  3. Correlate PK data with historical experience [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Correlate the in vivo PK data with historical experience to demonstrate the liposomal delivery performs as expected for all subjects by comparing PK data (half life and elimination) obtained from each subject with historical experience

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Male or female patients 18 years of age or older
  2. A diagnosis of refractory or relapsed AML, or Ph+ CML (in chronic, accelerated or blast phase, or acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome.

    One of the following parameters is required to meet criteria for accelerated phase CML:

    • Blasts in Peripheral Blood or Bone Marrow ≥15%
    • Promyelocytes and Blasts in Peripheral Blood or Bone Marrow ≥30%
    • PB or BM basophils ≥20%
    • Thrombocytopenia <100 x 103/ml, not resulting from therapy

    Blast phase is defined as ≥30% blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow, or presence of extramedullary disease, except for liver or spleen.

  3. Patients with CML must have demonstrated resistance and/or intolerance to therapy with at least 2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI)
  4. Patients with AML and ALL should have received at least 1 prior treatment regimen and either failed to achieve response or relapsed on treatment
  5. Patients with MDS should have failed prior therapy with a hypomethylating agent or, if associated with a 5q- chromosomal abnormality, lenalidomide. NOTE: Patients with 5q- unable to receive or intolerant to lenalidomide are also eligible.
  6. Have clinically adequate hepatic and renal functions as defined by:

    • ALT<2x ULN
    • Serum creatinine concentration <2x ULN
    • Serum bilirubin <2x ULN
  7. Patients must sign an informed consent
  8. Women of childbearing age must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test prior to the initiation of study drug.
  9. Barrier contraceptive precautions are to be used throughout the trial by all study participants of child bearing potential.
  10. Have not received anti-cancer therapy for at least 2 weeks prior to study entry, with the exception of low dose ara-C (LDAC) given as subcutaneous injections (no less than 15 days prior), hydroxyurea or anagrelide (no less than 24 hours prior), TKI (no less than 5 days prior), and interferon (no less than 2 weeks prior)
  11. Have an ECOG Performance of 0-2
  12. Have a life-expectancy ≥3 months

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Serious intercurrent medical illnesses which would interfere with the ability of the patient to carry out the treatment program
  2. Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  3. Patients who have uncontrolled active infection
  4. Patients who have received another investigational product within the longer of 14 days or 5 half-lives of the previous product
  5. Any history of adverse reaction or hypersensitivity to LDAC

Part B: BP1001 with Concurrent LDAC Dose-Expansion Cohorts

Enrollment in the dose-expansion cohorts (DEC) will be limited to only those patients with a diagnosis of refractory or relapsed AML(except acute promyelocytic leukemia) or those who are refractory to at least 1 prior therapy regimen and no more than 1 prior salvage regimen.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01159028

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United States, Texas
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bio-Path Holdings, Inc.
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Study Chair: Jorge Cortes, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Maro Ohanian, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: Bio-Path Holdings, Inc. Identifier: NCT01159028    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003-0578 (v) 08-8
First Posted: July 9, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 25, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Keywords provided by Bio-Path Holdings, Inc.:
Liposomal Grb-2 treatment of CML, AML, CLL, MDS
Liposomal Grb-2 with LDAC for AML
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs