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Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Children With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01149538
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 23, 2010
Results First Posted : August 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2016
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if choline bitartrate can be administered daily to children with prenatal alcohol exposure, ages 2.5 to 5, as a potential treatment for brain development and cognitive functioning.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Drug: Choline bitartrate Dietary Supplement: Placebo for choline bitartrate Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Children With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Study Start Date : July 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Choline Bitartrate
Choline Bitartrate supplementation
Drug: Choline bitartrate
Choline bitartrate 500 mg. daily, administered in fruit-flavored drink mix.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo for choline bitartrate supplementation
Dietary Supplement: Placebo for choline bitartrate
Placebo for choline bitartrate, administered daily in fruit-flavored drink mix.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Side Effects of Choline Bitartrate [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months, & 9 months ]
    Side effects of choline bitartrate will be monitored by the study physician and the P.I. with physical examinations and telephone contact.

  2. Mullen Scales of Early Learning - Early Learning Composite [ Time Frame: Baseline and 9 months ]
    The Mullen Scales of Early Learning is a measure of global cognitive development and is a primary outcome measure. The Early Learning Composite is the total score for this measure. It is a scaled score with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15 (higher scores indicate better global cognitive status; average range is 85-115; Impaired range is 70 or below; full range is typically 50 - 150, although minimum and maximum scores are dependent on age). See the Mullen Scales reference manual for more psychometric details.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Elicited Imitation Task Memory [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months, and 9 months ]
    The Elicited Imitation (EI) paradigm (P.J. Bauer, 1989, Dev. Psychology) was used to measure memory in the participants at baseline, 6 months, and 9 months. The measures were items recalled after a delay (delayed items) and pairs of items recalled after a delay (delayed pairs). The sample was split by age in the analysis (young vs. old) as reflected in the outcome data. Outcome data measures included here are the slopes of the regression lines reflecting change over the three timepoints, controlling for immediate memory performance on the EI task.The slopes are given, as opposed to the raw scores, because these were the values used in the growth curve analyses. Details of these analyses are included in Wozniak et al. (2015) AJCN, doi:10.3945/ajcn.114.099168. NOTE that the means presented below represent the simple slopes that estimate the change in task performance (% of items correct) per 6-month unit of time. To estimate change in task performance over 9 months, multiply by 1.5.

  2. Evoked Response Potentials Microvolts [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months, and 9 months ]
    Evoked response potentials were measured for the memory task. Frontal positive slow-wave potential negative component amplitude data are included.

  3. Evoked Response Potential - Negative Component Latency [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months, and 9 months ]
    Evoked Response Potential - negative component latency data are included.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Available parent or legal guardian capable of participating in informed consent process
  • Documented history of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (self-report, social service records, or adoption records) or presence of facial dysmorphology characteristic of FASD or both
  • Evidence of cognitive deficit in at least one neurocognitive domain

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of neurological condition (ex. epilepsy, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury)
  • History of medical condition known to affect brain function
  • History of other neurodevelopmental disorder (ex. autism, down syndrome)
  • History of very low birthweight (<1500 grams)
  • History of prenatal exposure to drugs other than alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01149538

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United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55454
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
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Principal Investigator: Jeffrey R Wozniak, Ph.D. University of Minnesota
Principal Investigator: Michael Georgieff, M.D. University of Minnesota

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT01149538    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0910M73517
R21AA019580 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 11, 2016
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
Keywords provided by University of Minnesota:
Prenatal Alcohol
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal Diseases
Alcohol-Induced Disorders
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Mental Disorders
Pregnancy Complications
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Lipotropic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Gastrointestinal Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Nootropic Agents