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Trial record 97 of 215 for:    Lamotrigine

Reversing Corticosteroid Induced Memory Impairment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01142310
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2010
Results First Posted : August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2018
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sherwood Brown, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Medically stable outpatients receiving chronic oral corticosteroid therapy were enrolled in a 48-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, trial of lamotrigine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Memory Impairment Drug: Lamotrigine Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Stress and corticosteroid exposure are associated with changes in both the human and animal hippocampus. An extensive literature suggests that corticosteroid-induced changes in the hippocampus are, in part, mediated through increases in extracellular glutamate. In animals, agents that decrease glutamate release prevent dendritic changes in the hippocampus secondary to stress or corticosterone. We have developed a research program using patients receiving prescription corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone) to explore the effects of corticosteroids on the human hippocampus. Our research program is translational in focus, with a goal of exploring whether the reported effects of corticosteroids on the animal hippocampus are also found in humans. A current focus of our research is examining glutamate release inhibitors in patients taking corticosteroids. We have both open-label and placebo-controlled pilot data suggesting that the glutamate release inhibitor lamotrigine is associated with significant improvement in declarative memory (a measure of hippocampal performance) in this population. A definitive study examining declarative memory in corticosteroid-dependent patients receiving lamotrigine vs. placebo is proposed. Neuroimaging and mood will also be assessed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Reversing Corticosteroid Induced Memory Impairment
Study Start Date : June 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Memory Steroids
Drug Information available for: Lamotrigine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Lamotrigine
Dose titration: begin at Baseline at 25mg PO QD for two weeks. Increase to 50mg PO QD at Week 2 for two weeks. Increase to 100mg PO QD at Week 4. Increase to 150mg PO QD at Week 5. Increase to 200mg PO QD at Week 6. Increase to 250mg PO QD at Week 7. Increase to 300mg PO QD at Week 8. Increase to 350mg PO QD at Week 9. Increase to 400mg PO QD at Week 10. Stay at 400mg PO QD from Week 10 to Week 48.
Drug: Lamotrigine
Lamotrigine will be initiated at 25 mg/day and upwardly titrated to a dose of 400 mg/day over 10 weeks.
Other Name: Lamictal

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo administered the same as the Lamotrigine just described.
Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) measures verbal or declarative learning and memory. The test consists of 15 nouns read aloud for five consecutive trials with each trial followed by a free-recall trial. Following the fifth trial, an interference list of 15 different words is presented followed by a free-recall trial of that list. Delayed recall of the first list is tested immediately following the interference list and after a 20-minute delay. A recognition test of 50 words including the 15 original words is presented after the delayed recall. Equivalent, alternative versions (different words) were used to minimize practice or learning effects from repeated administration. The raw scores (number of words correct across trials 1-5) are converted to standardized T-scores (M=50; SD=10). This score is used to determine the participant's performance in relation to norm-referenced expectations based on age and sex. A higher score reflects better performance.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18-70 years old
  • English-speaking men and women
  • Physician diagnosis of any chronic medical condition requiring treatment with oral corticosteroids confirmed by chart review and/or patients assessment by the PI or co-I.s.
  • Receiving prednisone therapy of at least 5 mg of prednisone daily for at least 6 months with anticipated treatment for ≥ 15 additional months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Baseline RAVLT total T-Score ≥ 60
  • Illnesses associated with CNS involvement (e.g., multiple sclerosis, lupus, seizures, brain tumors, head injury with loss of consciousness of more than 30 minutes) or cognitive impairment (e.g., lifetime drug or alcohol dependence, schizophrenia, and mood disorders — e.g., bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder) that appear to be unrelated to corticosteroid use or history of ventilator use that suggests hypoxia. We will include patients with lupus if they do not appear, based on medical history and discussion with treating physician, have significant CNS involvement. We will include participants with brief loss of consciousness. In prior studies we have found that many otherwise eligible participants were excluded due to very brief LOC in childhood or in a motor vehicle accident.
  • Mental retardation or other severe cognitive impairment.
  • Pregnant or nursing women.
  • Severe or life-threatening medical illness that would make completion of study unlikely or study participation potentially unsafe (e.g., highly unstable asthma requiring frequent hospitalization)
  • Contraindications to lamotrigine therapy (severe side effects in the past, taking medications such as some anticonvulsants with drug-drug interactions with lamotrigine).
  • High risk or danger to self or others as defined by > 1 lifetime suicide attempt or assault, any suicide attempt or assault within the past year, and active suicidal or homicidal ideation that includes a plan and intent
  • Therapy with medications (valproate, carbamazepine, primidone, phenytoin, rifampin, phenobarbital) that alter the metabolism of lamotrigine
  • Metal implants, claustrophobia, or other contraindications to MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01142310

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United States, Texas
Parkland Health and Hospital System (Asthma, Allergy, & Arthritis Clinics)
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
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Principal Investigator: E. Sherwood Brown, M.D., Ph.D. UT Southwestern Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Sherwood Brown, Professor, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Identifier: NCT01142310     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 122009-028
R01MH082845 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 11, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Memory Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Sodium Channel Blockers