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Lenalidomide and Prednisone in Low and Int-1 Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Non 5q MDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01133275
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 28, 2010
Results First Posted : January 18, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 17, 2019
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the use of lenalidomide and prednisone in people with Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS).

Lenalidomide is a drug that alters the immune system and it may also interfere with the development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may reduce or prevent the growth of cancer cells. Lenalidomide is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in combination with dexamethasone for people with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least 1 prior therapy. MDS and MM are cancers of the blood. It is currently being tested in a variety of cancer conditions. As it is being used in this study it is considered an investigational use. An "investigational use" is a use that is being tested and is not approved by the FDA.

Prednisone is approved by the FDA to treat numerous conditions. In addition, prednisone is approved by the FDA to treat Low or Intermediate-1 IPSS Risk, non-del (5q) MDS.

"Study drug" refers to the combination of lenalidomide and prednisone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome MDS Drug: Prednisone Drug: Lenalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

10 mg/day of lenalidomide will be taken by mouth on days 1 - 28 of cycles 1-6. Dosing will be in the morning at approximately the same time each day.

Planned prednisone dose:

  • 30 mg by mouth daily, days 1-28 of cycle 1
  • 20 mg by mouth daily, days 1-28 of cycle 2
  • 10 mg by mouth daily, days 1-28 of cycle 3
  • 10 mg by mouth every other day on days 1-28 of cycles 4-6
  • 5 mg by mouth every other day for responders beyond cycle 6

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial of Lenalidomide and Prednisone in Low and Intermediate-1 IPSS Risk, Non-del (5q) MDS Patients
Actual Study Start Date : April 28, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 21, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide and Prednisone Therapy
All participants received lenalidomide and prednisone therapy for 6 cycles (24 weeks). Each cycle is 28 days (4 weeks).
Drug: Prednisone
Prednisone therapy for 6 cycles (24 weeks).
Other Name: Deltasone

Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide therapy for 6 cycles (24 weeks).
Other Name: REVLIMID®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Erythroid Response [ Time Frame: Up to 7 months ]
    The rate of erythroid response to treatment with the lenalidomide/prednisone combination in non-del (5q) low and int-1 risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) with symptomatic anemia. Hematological improvement erythroid response (HI-E) according to International Working Group (IWG) 2006 criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Grade 3 or 4 Adverse Events Possibly Related to Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 54 months ]
    Grade 3 or 4 events Related/Possibly Related/Probably Related to study treatment. Number of participants with events specified in the study protocol: Neutropenia, Thrombocytopenia, Febrile Neutropenia, Infection, Sepsis, Venous Thromboembolic Events. Evaluations according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) V4.0.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Documented diagnosis of MDS according Word Health Organization (WHO) that meets International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) criteria for Low- to Intermediate-1-risk disease or non-proliferative (white blood count [WBC] < 13,000/uL) chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).
  • Absence of a chromosome 5q deletion by metaphase cytogenetics or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis
  • Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent anemia defined as having received ≥4 transfusions of RBCs for hemoglobin (Hgb) ≤ 9.0 g/dl within 56 days of randomization or symptomatic anemia (Hgb ≤ 9.0 g/dl)
  • No response or progression on prior treatment with epoetin alpha (> 40,000 U/wk x 6), darbepoetin alpha (≥ 500 mcg q 3 wk x 2) or serum erythropoietin (EPO) concentration ≥ 500 mU/ml
  • All previous cancer therapy, including radiation, hormonal therapy and surgery, must have been discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to treatment in this study.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry
  • Laboratory test results within these ranges: Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 500 /mm³; Platelet count ≥ 50,000 /mm³; Creatinine Clearance > 60 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dl; aspartic transaminase (AST)and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 3 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "insitu" of the cervix or breast
  • Must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 milli-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL) within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the patient from signing the informed consent form.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs or history of desquamating (blistering) rash while taking thalidomide
  • Any prior use of lenalidomide
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
  • Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis, type B or C
  • Proliferative CMML (WBC ≥13,000/μL)
  • MDS secondary to treatment with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or immunotherapy for malignant or autoimmune diseases
  • Prior ≥ grade-2 National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) allergic reaction to thalidomide
  • Clinically significant anemia due to factors such as iron, B12 or folate deficiencies, autoimmune or hereditary hemolysis or gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Known HIV-1 positivity
  • Chromosome 5q deletion
  • Documented thromboembolic event within the past 3 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01133275

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United States, Florida
University of Florida Shands Cancer Center
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Celgene Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Rami Komrokji, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT01133275    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-16099
RV-MDS-PI-0456 ( Other Identifier: Celgene Corp. )
25005/1 ( Other Identifier: Quorum Review IRB )
First Posted: May 28, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 18, 2016
Last Update Posted: December 17, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors