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Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH), Saizen®, on a Population of Children With Hypochondroplasia, Treated at Least 3 Years or Until Near Final Height, When Applicable, in Comparison With a Historic Cohort of Non-treated Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01111019
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 27, 2010
Results First Posted : February 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Serono S.A.S, France
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Brief Summary:
This study is conducted to describe the efficacy and safety of recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) treatment Saizen® on children with hypochondroplasia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypochondroplasia Drug: Recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH), Saizen®, on a Population of Children With Hypochondroplasia, Treated Over a Period of 3 Years or 5 Years if Applicable, in Comparison With a Historic Cohort of Non-treated Children With Hypochondroplasia
Actual Study Start Date : March 21, 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 17, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 17, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: r-hGH (Saizen®) Drug: Recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH)
Subjects will receive a single subcutaneous injection of recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) equivalent to a dose of 0.057 milligram per kilogram per day (mg/kg/day). The dose will be subsequently adjusted during the trial and subjects will be treated for at least 3 years or until near final height is reached.
Other Name: Saizen®, Somatropin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Height-Standard Deviation Score (H-SDS) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects at Year 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 3 ]
    Height was calculated in standardized units expressed as the standard deviation score (SDS), where SDS = (x - m)/sigma, in which x represents the height variable measured by sex and age, and m and sigma are the statistical parameters (mean and standard deviation) for the Sempe reference population. The reference population was the historical cohort consisting of non-treated subjects with Hypochondroplasia (HCH). SDS indicated how many standard deviations higher (in case of positive SDS) or lower (in case of negative SDS) a participant's value was relative to the mean of the reference population. The scores were centered around zero. Negative score indicated smaller height for the respective age/gender.

  2. Height-Standard Deviation Score (H-SDS) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects at Year 4 [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Height was calculated in standardized units expressed as the standard deviation score (SDS), where SDS = (x - m)/sigma, in which x represents the height variable measured by sex and age, and m and sigma are the statistical parameters (mean and standard deviation) for the Sempe reference population. The reference population was the historical cohort consisting of non-treated subjects with Hypochondroplasia (HCH). SDS indicated how many standard deviations higher (in case of positive SDS) or lower (in case of negative SDS) a participant's value was relative to the mean of the reference population. The scores were centered around zero. Negative score indicated smaller height for the respective age/gender.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Height-Standard Deviation Score (H-SDS) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects [ Time Frame: Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Height was calculated in standardized units expressed as the standard deviation score (SDS), where SDS = (x - m)/sigma, in which x represents the height variable measured by sex and age, and m and sigma are the statistical parameters (mean and standard deviation) for the Sempe reference population. The reference population was the historical cohort consisting of non-treated subjects with Hypochondroplasia (HCH). Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years. SDS indicated how many standard deviations higher (in case of positive SDS) or lower (in case of negative SDS) a participant's value was relative to the mean of the reference population. The scores were centered around zero. Negative score indicated smaller height for the respective age/gender.

  2. Change From Baseline in Height of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Body proportion was measured in terms of height. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  3. Change From Baseline in Upper Segment (Superior) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Body proportion was measured in terms of upper segment for standing and sitting position. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  4. Change From Baseline in Weight of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    The body weight was measured on a certified and calibrated hospital scale. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  5. Change From Baseline in Body Mass Index (BMI) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Body proportion measured as BMI. It was calculated according to the formula BMI = Weight (kilogram)/Height square (meter square). Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  6. Change From Baseline in Bone Mineral Density (BMD) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 9 (only for male) ]
    Body composition measured as BMD. It was examined at the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and determined annually by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8 years.

  7. Change From Baseline in Percent Body Fat Mass of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 9 (only for male) ]
    Body composition measured as percentage of body fat mass. It was measured by Dual X-ray absorptiometry. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8 years.

  8. Change From Baseline in Lean Body Mass (LBM) of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) up to 9 Years [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0), Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 9 (only for male) ]
    Body composition measured as LBM. It was measured by Dual X-ray absorptiometry. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8 years.

  9. Growth (Height) Velocity of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) From Year 1 up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Growth velocity was calculated in terms of height velocity. It corresponded to a difference in height between current and baseline values divided by the time interval between both evaluations. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  10. Head Circumference Values of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) From Year 1 up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male) and 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Body proportion was measured in terms of head circumference with a tape measure. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  11. Osteocalcin Values of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) From Year 1 up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male), 9.5 (only for male) ]
    Osteocalcin as bone marker was analyzed with the Immunology system Elecsys. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  12. C-terminal Telopeptide (CTX) Values of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH) Treated Subjects With Hypochondroplasia (HCH) From Year 1 up to 9.5 Years [ Time Frame: Year 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (both male and female); 8.5 (only for female), 9 (only for male), 9.5 (only for male) ]
    CTX (Blood) as bone marker was analyzed with the Immunology system Elecsys. Data was reported by gender. Male subjects were analyzed till 9.5 years and female subjects were analyzed till 8.5 years.

  13. Number of Subjects With Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR3) Mutation [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3 years ]
    Genetic analysis was performed to record FGFR3 gene mutation. Genomic DNA was extracted from lymphocytes of collected blood samples using standard procedures. A set of intronic primers was designed based on the genomic sequence of the human FGFR3 gene and used to amplify exons 2-19. Number of subjects with FGFR3 mutation were reported.

  14. Number of Subjects With Adverse Event (AE) and Serious Adverse Event (SAE) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 9.5 years ]
    AEs: any new untoward medical occurrences/worsening of pre-existing medical condition, whether or not related to study drug , SAE: any AE that resulted in death; was life threatening; resulted in persistent/significant disability/incapacity; resulted in/prolonged an existing in-patient hospitalization; was a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or was an overdose.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female children with hypochondroplasia defined by a disproportional short limb height and a X-ray evidence of shortening of the long bones and failure of increase in the interpedicular distance between lumbar vertebrae L1 and L5
  • Result of genetic analysis for mutation of gene FGFR3 already known or ongoing analysis at the beginning of the study
  • Chronological age greater than or equal to 3 years
  • Height for chronological age less than or equal to - 2 SDS
  • Bone age less than or equal to 11 years for girls and 13 years for boys
  • A written informed consent at the beginning of the pre-treatment period must be obtained from the parent(s)/legal guardian(s). Children able to understand the trial should personally sign and date the written informed consent

Additional inclusion criteria for each study prolongation:

  • Bone age at Month 36 or Month 60 is compatible with treatment prolongation according to investigator opinion
  • Subject is still under r-hGH treatment with Saizen® at Month 36 or Month 60
  • Height gain greater than or equal to + 1 SDS after the 2 first years of treatment for treatment prolongation at Month 36 and growth velocity greater than or equal to 5 centimeter (cm) per year, with bone age less than 14 years for females or less than 16 years for males for treatment prolongation at Month 60
  • According to investigator opinion, gene mutations of the subjects are not in connection with observed side effects during the 3 or 5 first years of treatment
  • An updated written informed consent must be obtained from the parent(s)/legal guardian(s) before the start of each study prolongation. Children able to understand the trial should personally sign and date the written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Turner's Syndrome in girls
  • Active malignant neoplastic disease
  • Severe congenital malformations
  • Proliferative or preproliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Evidence of any progression or recurrence of an underlying intra-cranial space occupying lesion
  • Severe psychomotor retardation
  • Diabetes mellitus or history of significant glucose intolerance as defined by a fasting blood glucose greater than 6.4 millimole per liter (mmol/L)
  • Known renal insufficiency as defined by serum creatinine level 1.0 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL) (88 micromole per liter [mcmol/L])
  • Known hepatic disease as defined by elevated liver enzymes or total bilirubin (* 2 Normal)
  • Current congestive heart failure, untreated hypertension, serious chronic edema of any cause
  • Chronic infectious disease
  • History of intracranial hypertension with papilledema
  • Previous or ongoing treatment with sex steroid therapy such as estrogens or testosterone
  • Previous or ongoing treatment with any therapy that may directly influence growth, including Growth Hormone (GH), Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) and long duration corticosteroids therapy
  • Known hypersensitivity to somatropin or any of the excipients
  • Epiphyseal fusion
  • Participation to any clinical study within the 30 days preceding study entry
  • Pregnant females

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01111019


Locations
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France
Endocrinologie Pédiatrique - centre des maladies rares de la croissance -Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades
Paris, France, 75015
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Merck Serono S.A.S, France
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Responsible Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01111019     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IMP 26545 (EMR701048-506)
First Posted: April 27, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 15, 2019
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2019
Last Verified: October 2018
Keywords provided by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany:
Hypochondroplasia
Skeletal dysplasia
Growth
Growth Hormone
Recombinant-human Growth Hormone
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dwarfism
Lordosis
Limb Deformities, Congenital
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Endocrine System Diseases
Spinal Curvatures
Spinal Diseases
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs