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Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation in Treatment Resistant Major Depression (FORESEE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01095263
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 30, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas E. Schlaepfer, MD, University Hospital, Bonn

Brief Summary:
The investigators will investigate in a sham controlled design antidepressant effects and safety of DBS to the superolateral branch of the main medial forebrain bundle (slMFB).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depression Device: DBS Device: No Stimulation (Sham) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The target point for DBS in major depression disorder is located lateral to the ventral tegmental area (VTA) in the midbrain at the branching point of the superolateral branch (slMFB) from the main medial forebrain bundle (MFB).

The exact stimulation coordinates are:

MNI152 coordinates:

left: x(lat.)=-5, y(ap)=-14, z(vert.)=-8 right: x(lat.)=5, y(ap)=-14, z(vert.)=-9

MCP coordinates:

eft: x(lat.)=-6, y(ap)=-1, z(vert.)=-6 right: x(lat.)=4, y(ap)=-1, z(vert.)=-7

All coordinates refer to the MNI152 brain. Legend: slMFB = superolateral branch of medial forebrain bundle, MNI152=Montreal Neurologic Institute brain 152 coordinates, MCP = mid-commissural point coordinates, lat. = lateral, ap= antero-posterior, vert. = vertical.

More information can be found at:

In addition to the described intervention, we will record EEG activity within the implanted regions during cognitive paradigms (Fell and Axmacher, Nat Rev Neurosci 2011). Specifically, we will investigate the neural mechanisms underlying classification learning, working memory and exploration of rewarded spatial locations and explore oscillatory responses following stimulation of the target regions. These experimental paradigms will be conducted on the first day after electrode implantation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Assessment of Efficacy, Safety and Effects on Quality of Life of Deep Brain Stimulation to the Medial Forebrain Bundle in Patients With Treatment Resistant Major Depression (FORESEE: FOREbrain Stimulation dEprEssion)
Actual Study Start Date : April 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sham then Stimulation Device: DBS
130Hz, 90us pulsewidth, 4V Amplitude
Other Name: INS

Device: No Stimulation (Sham)
130Hz, 90us pulsewidth, 0V Amplitude
Other Name: INS

Experimental: Stimulation then Sham Device: DBS
130Hz, 90us pulsewidth, 4V Amplitude
Other Name: INS

Device: No Stimulation (Sham)
130Hz, 90us pulsewidth, 0V Amplitude
Other Name: INS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Depression Severity assessed with Montgomery Asberg Depression Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: 12 month after DBS stimulation onset ]

    Change in MADRS after 12 months as compared to mean baseline score. MADRS is a ten-item diagnostic questionnaire which psychiatrists use to measure the severity of depressive episodes in patients with mood disorders. It is used as an adjunct to the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) and more sensitive to the changes in depression than the Hamilton Scale is.

    MADRS will be rated 3 times for baseline assessment, weekly during parameter optimization and monthly during follow-up. Reduction compared to baseline will be assessed after 12 months of DBS.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Depression Severity rated with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS24) [ Time Frame: 12 month after DBS stimulation onset ]

    The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD), also known as the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) or abbreviated to HAM-D, is a multiple choice questionnaire that clinicians may use to rate the severity of a patient's major depression. The questionnaire rates the severity of symptoms observed in depression such as low mood, insomnia, agitation, anxiety and weight loss. The questionnaire is presently one of the most commonly used scales for rating depression in medical research.

    Measures will be taken at same time points as primary outcome measure.

  2. Adverse Event Schedule [ Time Frame: 12 month after DBS stimulation onset ]
    Adverse events will be recorded during the study using a structured questionnaire. All possible AEs are assessed in severity, duration and actions taken. 12 months after stimulation onset results will be compiled and rated as being due to the surgical procedure, device, or stimulation. SAEs will be discussed individually if a modification of study protocol is required.

  3. Comprehensive neuropsychological test battery [ Time Frame: 12 month after DBS stimulation onset ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Major depression (MD), severe, unipolar type
  • German mother tongue
  • Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS24) score of > 20
  • Global Assessment of Function (GAF) score of < 45
  • At least 4 episodes of MD or chronic episode > 2 years
  • > 5 years after first episode of MD
  • Failure to respond to

    • adequate trials (>5 weeks at the maximum recommended or tolerated dose) of primary antidepressants from at least 3 different classes;
    • adequate trials (>3 weeks at the usually recommended or maximum tolerated dose) of augmentation/combination of a primary antidepressant using at least 2 different augmenting/combination agents (lithium, T3, stimulants, neuroleptics, anticonvulsants, buspirone, or a second primary antidepressant);
    • an adequate trial of electroconvulsive therapy [ECT] (>6 bilateral treatments) and;
    • an adequate trial of individual psychotherapy (>20 sessions with an experienced psychotherapist).
  • Able to give written informed consent
  • No medical comorbidity
  • Drug free or on stable drug regimen at least 6 weeks before study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or past nonaffective psychotic disorder
  • Any current clinically significant neurological disorder or medical illness affecting brain function, other than motor tics or Gilles de la Tourette syndrome
  • Any clinically significant abnormality on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Any surgical contraindications to undergoing DBS
  • Current or unstably remitted substance abuse (aside from nicotine)
  • Pregnancy and women of childbearing age not using effective contraception
  • History of severe personality disorder

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01095263

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University Hospital Bonn
Bonn, Germany, 53105
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Bonn
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Principal Investigator: Volker Coenen, MD University Hospital, Bonn
Principal Investigator: Thomas E. Schlaepfer, MD University Hospital, Bonn

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Thomas E. Schlaepfer, MD, Professor of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, Bonn Identifier: NCT01095263     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BSG-10-4711DBS
First Posted: March 30, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders