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Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Grand Opportunity (ADNI-GO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01078636
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 2, 2010
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2014
Northern California Institute of Research and Education
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to build upon the information obtained in the original Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI1), to examine how brain imaging technology can be used with other tests to measure the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD). ADNI-GO seeks to define and characterize the mildest symptomatic phase of AD, referred to in this study as early amnestic MCI (EMCI). This information will aid in the early detection of AD, and in measuring the effectiveness of treatments in future clinical trials.

Condition or disease
Mild Cognitive Impairment Alzheimer's Disease

Detailed Description:

This project continues the work from ADNI1, the goal of which is to test whether serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), other biological markers, and clinical and neuropsychological assessments can be combined to measure the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD). The goal of the study is to determine relationships among the clinical, cognitive, imaging, genetic, and biochemical biomarker characteristics of the stage of the AD spectrum that precedes MCI, the mildest symptomatic phase of AD, referred to here as EMCI. The ADNI-GO model posits that AD begins with amyloid β (Aβ) deposition in the cortex, which leads to synaptic dysfunction, neurodegeneration, and cognitive/ functional decline.

Some of the leading-edge technologies under study are brain-imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET), including FDG-PET (which measures glucose metabolism in the brain); PET using a radioactive compound (F-AV-45) that measures brain beta-amyloid; and structural MRI. Brain scans are showing scientists how the brain's structure and function change as AD starts and progresses. Biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid are revealing other changes that could identify which patients with MCI will develop Alzheimer's. Scientists are looking at levels of beta-amyloid and tau in cerebrospinal fluid. (Abnormal amounts of the amyloid and tau proteins in the brain are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease.)

All participants from ADNI1 who are in the normal and MCI stages will continue to be followed in ADNI-GO. The next step is to scan and analyze the brains of people with EMCI; 200 EMCI participants will be enrolled to narrow the gap between cognitively normal (CN) and "late MCI (LMCI)" participants currently enrolled in ADNI.

The overall impact of this study will be increased knowledge concerning the sequence and timing of events leading to MCI and AD, development of better clinical and imaging/fluid biomarker methods for early detection and for monitoring the progression of these conditions, and facilitation of clinical trials of treatments to slow disease progression, ultimately contributing to the prevention of AD.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 342 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Grand Opportunity
Study Start Date : April 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

EMCI (only cohort recruiting in this study)
Newly recruited early amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment patients; estimated enrollment 200
LMCI (not recruiting in this study)
Late Mild Cognitive Impairment patients; approximately 400 LMCI participants anticipated to follow from the original ADNI study
CN (not recruiting in this study)
Cognitively Normal patients; approximately 200 CN participants anticipated to follow from the original ADNI study

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Decline as measured by: Cognitive tests, Activities of Daily Living, and CDR Sum of Boxes [ Time Frame: at screening, baseline, 6 (EMCI only) and 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of conversion will be evaluated among all four groups [ Time Frame: at screening , baseline, 6 (EMCI only) and 12 months ]
  2. Rate of volume change of whole brain, hippocampus, and other structural MRI measures [ Time Frame: at screening and 3, 6, and 12 months (EMCI); at baseline and 12 months (follow-up patients) ]
  3. Rates of change on each specified biochemical biomarker [ Time Frame: at baseline, 6 (EMCI only) and 12 months ]
  4. Rates of change of glucose metabolism (FDG-PET) [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
  5. Extent of amyloid deposition as measured by 18F-AV-45 [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
  6. Group differences for each imaging and biomarker measurement [ Time Frame: at screening, baseline, 6 (EMCI only) and 12 months ]
  7. Correlations among biomarkers and biomarker change [ Time Frame: at screening, baseline, 6 (EMCI only) and 12 months ]
  8. Subgroups analyses: APOE genotype, low CSF Aβ42, positive amyloid imaging with 18F-AV-45 [ Time Frame: at baseline ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
community sample

EMCI Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between 55 and 90 years of age
  • Study partner to accompany patient to all clinic visits for the duration of the protocol
  • Memory complaint by patient and/or study partner
  • Abnormal memory function score on Wechsler Memory Scale (adjusted for education)
  • Mini-Mental State Exam score between 24 and 30 (inclusive)
  • Clinical Dementia Rating = 0.5; Memory Box score at least 0.5
  • General cognition and functional performance sufficiently preserved such that a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease cannot be made by the site physician at the time of the screening visit
  • Stability of the following permitted medications for 4 weeks (unless stated otherwise):

    • Antidepressants lacking significant anticholinergic side effects
    • Estrogen replacement therapy
    • Gingko biloba is permissible, but discouraged
    • Washout from psychoactive medication (e.g., excluded antidepressants, neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.) for at least 4 weeks prior to screening
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine if stable for 12 weeks prior to screening
  • Geriatric Depression Scale less than 6
  • Visual and auditory acuity adequate for neuropsychological testing
  • Good general health with no diseases expected to interfere with the study
  • Not pregnant, lactating, or of childbearing potential (i.e. women must be two years post-menopausal or surgically sterile)
  • Hachinski less than or equal to 4
  • Six grade education or has a good work history (sufficient to exclude mental retardation)
  • Fluent in English or Spanish
  • Agrees to at least one lumbar puncture for the collection of CSF
  • Willing and able to complete all baseline assessments
  • Willing to undergo repeated MRIs and at least two PET scans and willing to provide DNA and plasma samples as specified
  • Willing and able to participate in a longitudinal imaging study

Specific Inclusion Criteria for follow-up participants from ADNI1:

  • Must have been enrolled and followed in ADNI for at least one year diagnosed as either Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or Cognitively Normal (CN) regardless of whether a diagnostic conversion has occurred since enrolling in ADNI
  • Willing and able to continue to participate in an ongoing longitudinal study; a reduced battery of tests can be requested from the project directors if the participant is not able/willing to complete the full battery
  • Study partner who has frequent contact with participant and can accompany participant to all clinic visits for the duration of the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any significant neurologic disease other than suspected incipient Alzheimer's disease, such as Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic defaults or known structural brain abnormalities
  • Screening/baseline MRI scans with evidence of infection, infarction, or other focal lesions; multiple lacunes or lacunes in a critical memory structure
  • Presence of pacemakers, aneurysm clips, artificial heart valves, ear implants, metal fragments or foreign objects in the eyes, skin or body
  • Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in DSM-IV within the past 1 year
  • Psychotic features, agitation or behavioral problems within the last 3 months which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol
  • History of schizophrenia
  • History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years
  • Any significant systemic illness or unstable medical condition which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol
  • Clinically significant abnormalities in B12, or TFTs that might interfere with the study
  • Residence in skilled nursing facility
  • Current use of specific psychoactive medications (e.g.,certain antidepressants, neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.); current use of warfarin (exclusionary for lumbar puncture)
  • Use of investigational agents one month prior to entry and for the duration of the trial
  • Participation in clinical studies involving neuropsychological measures being collected more than one time per year
  • Exclusion for amyloid imaging with 18F -AV-45: Current or recent participation in any procedures involving radioactive agents such that the total radiation dose exposure to the participant in any given year would exceed the limits of annual and total dose commitment set forth in the US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 Section 361.1
  • Exceptions to these guidelines may be considered on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the protocol director

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01078636

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS)
Northern California Institute of Research and Education
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
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Study Chair: Ronald Petersen, MD, PhD Mayo Clinic - Rochester, Minnesota
Principal Investigator: Michael W Weiner, MD University of California, San Francisco
Study Chair: Paul Aisen, MD University of California, San Diego
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01078636    
Other Study ID Numbers: IA0175
1RC2AG036535-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 2, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014
Keywords provided by Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS):
early detection
Amnestic MCI
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Dysfunction
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Cognition Disorders