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Training Clinicians in Motivational Interviewing (MITraining)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01065480
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2010
Results First Posted : November 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 26, 2018
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edward Nunes, New York State Psychiatric Institute

Brief Summary:
This study aims to train Substance Abuse Treatment Clinicians in the use of Motivational Interviewing techniques through live supervision.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance Abuse Behavioral: Live teleconference supervision Behavioral: Taped Review Supervision Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

New evidence-based treatments have been slow to be adopted into the routine practice of addiction treatment, and traditional training methods are of limited effectiveness. In this study, the investigators propose to continue development of methods for training clinicians in Motivational Interviewing (MI), based on the principle of live supervision. Live supervision (supervisor and trainee seeing a patient together) is common in basic training, but rarely used in continuing education. In the initial funding period we developed Teleconference Supervision (TCS), which implements live supervision by an expert through teleconferencing technology, harnessing the principles of context-dependent learning, differential reinforcement with immediacy of feedback, and modeling. Clinicians interview standard patients at their home clinics, while Supervisors listen via telephone. The clinician wears an earpiece, through which the Supervisor provides immediate feedback and coaching designed to differentially reinforce and shape MI skills. In a randomized controlled trial with community clinicians (N= 100), TCS produced superior overall MI skill, compared to control conditions where clinicians received Workshop only training, or standard tape-based supervision. Findings were encouraging yet the proportion of clinicians achieving expert proficiency was limited, and there were trends toward loss of skill at follow-up, suggesting longer training is needed to maximize and sustain MI skill.

In the new funding period, the investigators propose to build and improve upon TCS by testing an extended model of Teleconference Supervision (TCS-Plus), which will preserve the elements of live supervision from an expert supervisor but will also provide 4 sessions of enhanced tape review supervision on a bi-weekly basis after the initial TCS training. Using telephone technology, enhanced taped review allows the Supervisor and Clinician to listen to the taped session together before discussing the session. Practice sessions will increase from 5 to 9 and be spread out from 8 to 16 weeks. Providing both TCS and enhanced tape review supervision maximizes supervision style advantages. While both offer context dependent learning, TCS provides for modeling and differential reinforcement with immediacy of feedback, and enhanced tape review provides ample time to role play and discuss technique. TCS-Plus will be compared to standard Tape Review supervision. The proposed project will be a StageI trial, intent on maximizing the gains already detected with the TCS model. The investiators will assess if TCS-Plus produces superior MI skill to standard Tape Review supervision in a randomized trial with 130 community based-clinicians. It is hoped that, if successful, TCS-Plus could be a model for remote training and supervision at community treatment programs, promoting adoption of a variety of evidence-based treatments for substance use disorders into routine practice.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 91 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Training Motivational Interviewing Using Live Supervision
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 1, 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Live Teleconference Supervision
Clinicians from participating substance abuse treatment programs receive live supervision by MI trainer via teleconference while in session with client.
Behavioral: Live teleconference supervision
Participants receive live teleconference supervision during a session with a client on their use of Motivational Interviewing (MI) in the session. MI is a directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. Compared with nondirective counselling, it is more focused and goal-directed. The examination and resolution of ambivalence is its central purpose, and the counselor is intentionally directive in pursuing this goal.
Other Names:
  • Motivational Enhancement Therapy
  • MI
  • MET

Active Comparator: Taped Review Supervision
Clinicians from participating substance treatment programs audio record session with client and receive supervision after the session by MI trainer.
Behavioral: Taped Review Supervision
Participants audio record a session with a client and receive supervision after the session on their use of Motivational Interviewing during the session.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With MI Skillfulness [ Time Frame: 1,8,16, 24 and 32 weeks ]
    MI skillfulness measured by the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Scale (MITI) on double coded audio recorded sessions and clinical interviews. The cumulative number of participants with MI Skillfulness at each time point assessed at 1, 8, 16, 24, and 32 weeks are reported.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinician, aged 18 to 75, employed in good standing at least 50% time at a licensed substance abuse treatment program.
  2. Carries a regular caseload of patients or clients for whom he/she serves as primary therapist.
  3. Interested in learning Motivational Interviewing and willing to follow treatment guidelines and training protocol, including random assignment to groups.
  4. Willing and able to attend a 2 day workshop, to tape subsequent sessions with patients for evaluation of MI skillfulness by Training Team members and raters, and to participate in supervision, including taping of sessions for review by Training Team members and raters and/or having supervisor listen to, and comment on, live sessions.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Planning to terminate employment at the current treatment program within the next six months.
  2. Has received credentialing as a Motivational Interviewing trainer, or served as a Motivational Interviewing or Motivational Enhancement Therapy therapist in a clinical trial which provided feedback on MI skill.
  3. Has received formal training in Motivational Interviewing within the last three months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01065480

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United States, New York
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York State Psychiatric Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Edward V Nunes, MD New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University
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Responsible Party: Edward Nunes, Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute Identifier: NCT01065480    
Other Study ID Numbers: #6052/7087R
R01DA016950 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 9, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 6, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 26, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Edward Nunes, New York State Psychiatric Institute:
Substance Abuse
Motivational Interviewing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders