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Comparative Validation of the Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone and Arginine Test for the Diagnosis of Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01060488
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 2, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2014
Information provided by:
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Brief Summary:
The aim of the study is to determine the specificity and sensitivity of the combined growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) + Arginine test in healthy volunteers, subjects with highly probable adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) and subjects who were probably free of AGHD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Growth Hormone Deficiency Other: GHRH+Arg, GHRH+Arg, ITT Other: ITT, ITT, GHRH+Arg. Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The randomisation was carried out before the first test was performed. In order to be informed of the subject's randomisation group, the investigator phoned the access number given to him/her. The subject's allocation to a given randomisation arm was determined on the basis of a centralised randomisation (answering service), balanced per group of subjects with a minimisation on 2 criteria: age and BMI.

This was a centralised randomisation using a Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) which was balanced in each of the following 3 categories of subjects:

  • Category A = healthy volunteers,
  • Category B = subjects with a strong probability of deficit in GH,
  • Category C = subjects with a low probability of deficit in GH.

In each of these 3 categories, the subjects underwent 3 tests whose sequences were determined by the following randomisation group:

  • Group 1: GHRH+Arg, GHRH+Arg, ITT or
  • Group 2: ITT, ITT, GHRH+Arg.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 69 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Phase III, Multicentric, Open-label, Randomised, Comparative, Parallel Group Study of (GHRH + Arginine) Combination Test vs. Insulin Tolerance Test (ITT) in the Diagnosis of Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency (AGHD)
Study Start Date : January 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2005

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 1: Other: GHRH+Arg, GHRH+Arg, ITT
GHRH+Arg repeatability test (2 tests) + comparison with one IT test

Active Comparator: Group 2: Other: ITT, ITT, GHRH+Arg.
IT repeatability test (2 tests) + comparison with one GHRH+Arg test

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of GH peak (recorded following stimulation tests) [ Time Frame: within 120 min after stimulation (blood samples were tacken at T0(before), T15, T30, T45, T60, T90 and T120 min after stimulation). ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. It was asked to the patients to evaluate acceptability of each test via a visual analogic scale. [ Time Frame: After each test and before leaving the hospital (the day of the test) ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects aged over 18 years and under 60 years,
  • Female or male,
  • Subjects not treated by GH or having stopped the treatment more than 15 days ago,
  • Effective contraception in women of childbearing age: hormonal contraception or use of female condom and spermicides or use of diaphragm and spermicides or Intra Uterine Device (IUD),
  • Signed informed consent,
  • Subjects possessing social security cover.
  • Subjects having at least one of the following criteria were considered as subjects with a high probability of presenting a GH deficit:

    • Subjects with a tumour of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal region (hypophyseal adenomata, craniopharyngioma, meningioma, etc.) in whom the presence of a hypophyseal insufficiency in GH must be tested preoperatively or postoperatively, or
    • Subjects presenting a secondary ante-hypophyseal insufficiency to an inflammatory, infectious, post-traumatic pathology or to a hypophyseal necrosis, whose hypophyseal functional condition has already been documented and for whom a revaluation of GH secretion is desired, or
    • Subjects having undergone, as adults, an irradiation hypothalamo-hypophyseal region, or a suprasellar irradiation, in a clinical context of GH deficit, or
    • Subjects with a known organic ante-hypophyseal insufficiency beginning in childhood and with at least 1 associated deficit excluding prolactin.
  • Subjects having at least one of the following criteria were considered as subjects with a low probability of presenting a GH deficit:

    • Subjects with known idiopathic isolated GH deficit starting in childhood and for whom a new growth hormone secretion test is desired, or
    • Subjects with non-operated microadenoma (< 1 cm of diameter), or
    • Subjects with fortuitously discovered intrasellar image (e.g. Rathke's pocket cyst).

The third category of subjects eligible was made of healthy volunteers.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects presenting a coronary history or whose electrocardiographic signs evoke an ischemic pathology,
  • Subjects presenting a history of cerebrovascular insufficiency,
  • Subjects presenting a history of epilepsy,
  • Subjects with an evolutive acromegalia or an evolutive Cushing's syndrome,
  • Subjects presenting a known intolerance to arginine, GHRH or insulin,
  • Hyperkalemic subjects,
  • Diabetic subjects (Type 1 or Type 2),
  • Very obese subjects (BMI > 40),
  • Subjects presenting a severe, hepatic, renal, tumoral evolutive affection or metabolic or respiratory acidosis,
  • Subjects with known immuno-depression,
  • Subjects with psychiatric disorders,
  • Subjects presenting Parkinson's disease or Parkinsonian syndromes treated by Levodopa®,
  • Subjects treated by drugs directly affecting the hypophyseal secretion of somatotrophin (e.g. clonidine, levodopa) or provoking the release of somatostatin, antimuscarinic agents (atropine),
  • Subjects with untreated hypothyroidism or subjects treated by anti-thyroid synthesis drugs,
  • Participation in another biomedical research programme less than 3 months previously,
  • Known evolutive pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01060488

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CHU Bicêtre, Endocrinology and Reproductive Diseases Department
Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
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Principal Investigator: Philippe Chanson, MD, Professor CHU Bicêtre, Endocrinology and Reproductive Diseases Department
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Dr. Laurence Fresneau, Merck Serono s.a.s., an Affiliate of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany Identifier: NCT01060488    
Other Study ID Numbers: IMP24689
First Posted: February 2, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2014
Last Verified: July 2011
Keywords provided by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany:
GH secretion tests
adverse effects
adult growth hormone deficiency
growth-hormone releasing hormone and arginine test
insulin tolerance test
GHRH + Arginine test
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dwarfism, Pituitary
Endocrine System Diseases
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Bone Diseases, Endocrine
Pituitary Diseases
Hypothalamic Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs