Treatment With Ribavirin for Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01056757
Recruitment Status :
(Study closed because of new overlapping study with ribavirin.)
The purpose of this study is to learn whether oral Ribavirin is safe and effective in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer, that have high levels of eIF4E.
Condition or disease
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Phase 1Phase 2
Overexpression of eIF4E occurs in greater than 50% of BC, where it has been associated with clinical progression, angiogenesis and chemoresistance. eIF4E protein expression is not elevated in stroma or in benign tissue. A major focus in the future management of BC is to develop novel targeted therapeutics, with associated biomarkers of clinical value. It is possible that targeting a central regulator that can control multiple pathways might be more effective than targeting a single downstream molecule. In our preclinical studies, we have demonstrated that ribavirin inhibits proliferation of BC cell lines at clinically achievable concentrations by inhibiting its target, eIF4E. This trial addresses the important clinical issue of the lack of treatment for poor prognosis BC, characterized by overexpression of eIF4E. We will explore the use of eIF4E as therapeutic target and a predictive marker. We will determine whether targeting eIF4E with ribavirin, a commercially approved, inexpensive, oral therapeutic compound with a favourable toxicity profile, may present a novel treatment option for patients with aggressive, metastatic disease.
Overall response rate to therapy with daily oral ribavirin [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Secondary Outcome Measures :
Time to and duration of response [ Time Frame: 1-5years ]
Time to relapse [ Time Frame: 1-5 years ]
To determine the medical risk (safety and tolerability) that ribavirin may have on breast cancer patients as determined by laboratory tests, vital signs, and clinical adverse events. [ Time Frame: 1-2 years ]
Correlation between activity of eIF4E and response [ Time Frame: 1-2 years ]
Effect of ribavirin on the activity of eIF4E related pathways [ Time Frame: 1-2 years ]
Evaluate pharmacokinetic parameters of ribavirin [ Time Frame: 1-2 years ]
Correlate expression of eIF4E in fresh and archived tissue [ Time Frame: 1-2 years ]
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer at diagnosis, with metastatic disease at the time of screening, who have progressed on prior anthracycline and taxane-containing regimens.
Willing to have a screening biopsy performed from an easily accessible lesion (ex. skin, superficial lymph node), AND must have overexpression of eIF4E in the metastatic tissue.
Easily accessible lesion for serial biopsies (ex. skin, superficial lymph node, or other easily accessible site).
At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion (based on the RECIST criteria) outside the CNS.
ECOG 0, 1, or 2.
Adequate recovery (excluding alopecia) from previous surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
Adequate wash-out period from last therapy for breast cancer (at least 3 weeks).
Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
Age is ≥ 18 years. There is no upper age limit since the drug can be administered orally and even considered in a palliative setting.
Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum (beta-HCG) pregnancy test within 14 days of starting protocol and must not be breastfeeding. Men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective means of contraception throughout the study and for at least 6 months after completion of protocol. Post-menopausal women (defined as 12 or more consecutive months of amenorrhea, or follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in the post-menopausal range), or surgically sterile women, do not require methods of contraception.
Adequate renal and hepatic function: serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN; AST or ALT < 2.5 x ULN (or < 5 x ULN if liver involvement with metastases); serum bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN.
Adequate hematopoietic function: neutrophils ≥1.0 x 10E9/L, platelets ≥ 100 x 10E9/L.
Provide written consent after the investigational nature, study design, risks and benefits of the study have been explained.
Accessible for treatment and follow up.
Symptomatic brain metastases.
Active cardiovascular disease as defined by New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV categorization.
Intercurrent illness or medical condition precluding safe administration of the planned protocol treatment or required follow-up.
Use of any investigational drug within 4 weeks before start of study treatment or inadequate recovery from any toxic effects of such therapy.
Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Concurrent treatment with other anti-cancer therapy. Bisphosphonates are allowed as long as they were started prior to screening (at least 4 weeks before study entry) and the dose does not change during study participation.
Known infection with HIV.
History of other malignancy in the past 5 years. Subjects who have been disease-free for 1 year or subjects with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer or successfully treated in situ carcinoma are eligible.