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Pilot Lenalidomide in Adult Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Patients w/ RBC Transfusion-Dependent Anemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01034592
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor accrual related to rarity of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA))
First Posted : December 17, 2009
Results First Posted : February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2017
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jason Robert Gotlib, Stanford University

Brief Summary:

This is a single-center, single arm, open-label study of oral lenalidomide monotherapy administered to red blood cell (RBC) transfusion dependent adult subjects with Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA).

Primary Objective: To evaluate the erythroid response rate as measured by rate of red blood cell transfusion independence [MDS International Working Group (IWG) 2000 Criteria will be applied].

Secondary Objective: 1)To evaluate the tolerability and safety profile of lenalidomide in patients with DBA and other inherited marrow failure syndromes 2) To correlate response to lenalidomide with biologic surrogates of DBA including ribosomal protein mutation status, ex vivo erythroid colony growth, and microarray gene expression

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) Drug: Lenalidomide Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This pilot study will utilize an intra-patient dose escalation design. Cycles are 28 days in length. Subjects will receive lenalidomide 2.5 mg weekly during days 1 to 21 of cycle 1 (dose level 1). If patients do not experience any grade > 3 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity, the dose will be increased to 2.5 mg twice weekly on days 1 to 21 of cycle 2 (dose level 2). If patients do not experience any grade > 3 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity, the dose will be increased to 5 mg twice weekly on days 1 to 21 of cycle 3 (dose level 3). If patients do not experience any grade >3 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity, the dose will be increased to 5 mg thrice weekly on days 1 to 21 of cycle 4 (dose level 4). Patients who experience grade >3 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity at dose level 1 will be discontinued from study. Patients who experience grade > 3 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity at dose level 2, 3, or 4 will have the lenalidomide held and dose reduced according to protocol dose interruption/modification algorithms (section 5.5.3). If at least a minor erythroid response is not achieved at the end of 8 cycles of treatment, patients will be discontinued from study. If a minor or major erythroid response is achieved after completion of 8 cycles of treatment, patients can continue study drug on a maintenance phase until loss of erythroid response (return to baseline hemoglobin or transfusion requirement) or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Lenalidomide in Adult Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Patients With Red Blood Cell Transfusion-Dependent Anemia
Study Start Date : November 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide
Subjects will initially receive lenalidomide 2.5 mg, and may escalate up to 2.5 mg/wk up to 5 mg 3x/wk, depending toxicity and response.
Drug: Lenalidomide
2.5 mg/wk up to 5 mg 3x/wk
Other Names:
  • Revlimid
  • CC-5013

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Red Blood Cell (RBC) Transfusion Independence [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion independence is reported as the number of subjects who achieve a continuous absence of the intravenous infusion of any RBC transfusion during any consecutive "rolling" 56 days during the treatment period.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Red Blood Cell (RBC) Transfusions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The effect on red blood cell (RBC) transfusions was assessed as the number of participants that achieved a greater than 50% decrease in RBC transfusion requirements.

  2. Hemoglobin Concentration [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The effect on hemoglobin concentration was assessed as the change from baseline, measured in g/dL.

  3. Neutrophil Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The effect on neutrophil levels was assessed as the change in neutrophil count from baseline.

  4. Platelet Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The effect on platelet levels as assessed as the change in platelet count from baseline.

  5. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The response duration was measured from the last of the consecutive 56 days during which the subject was free of red blood cells (RBC) transfusions to the date of the first RBC transfusion after the 56-day RBC-transfusion-free period.

  6. Toxicity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Toxicity was assessed as the number of adverse events related to lenalidomide.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • Diagnosis of DBA
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • Red blood cell transfusion-dependent with a requirement of at least one unit of RBCs per month for the 2 months prior to study enrollment (eg, 2 units/8 weeks)
  • If applicable, ongoing therapy with a stable or decreasing dose of prednisone ≤ 60 mg/d or corticosteroid equivalent, for which there has been no treatment-related improvement in RBC transfusion requirements for at least 2 months prior to study entry
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry.
  • Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/uL
    • Platelet (Plt) count ≥ 100,000/uL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
    • Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • Disease-free of prior malignancies for ≥ 5 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in-situ" of the cervix or breast
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of ≥ 50 milli-International Units (MIU)/mL within 10 to 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin 2 acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method at the same time, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy
  • Able to take aspirin (81 to 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)


  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide)
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy (excluding steroids) specifically used for DBA within 28 days of baseline including metoclopramide, leucine, danazol, or other hormonal therapy
  • Clinically significant anemia due to factors such as iron, B12, folate deficiencies, autoimmune or hereditary hemolysis, or gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
  • Any prior use of lenalidomide
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments
  • Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01034592

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United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jason Robert Gotlib
Celgene Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Jason Robert Gotlib Stanford University
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Responsible Party: Jason Robert Gotlib, Prof-Med Ctr Line in Medicine, Stanford University Identifier: NCT01034592    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-16822
SU-12082009-4523 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University )
RV-0365 ( Other Identifier: Celgene Corporation )
HEMMDS0022 ( Other Identifier: OnCore )
First Posted: December 17, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Anemia, Hypoplastic, Congenital
Anemia, Aplastic
Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents