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High Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Schizophrenia : a Randomized Controlled Study (TMS-Hz)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01022489
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 1, 2009
Last Update Posted : July 29, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Caen

Brief Summary:

Background:

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a recent therapeutic which has demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenic disorders. Up to now, the target of stimulation has been over the left temporoparietal region (based on the international 10-20 EEG system) and rTMS has been delivered at low frequency (1 Hz).

High frequency (20 Hz) might allow shortening the duration of treatment and so could be more convenient for the patient (2 days at high frequency instead of 15 days at low frequency).

Besides high frequency, an accurate target taking into account the inter-subjects anatomical variability might increase the efficacy. Based on a great overlap of language and auditory hallucinations networks, the investigators hypothesized that targeting the stimulation on the highest cluster of activation induced by a language task could be an easier and relevant method to determine the target. The investigators suggest that the best area is located at the posterior part of the left superior temporal sulcus (STS). Indeed, this area is considered as an " epicenter " of language, i.e., involved both in understanding and production of language and in the auditory hallucination network. Therefore, the investigators conducted an open pilot study in order to test the interest of rTMS at high frequency (20 Hz) associated with anatomical and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuronavigation in 11 schizophrenic patients with hallucinations. The investigators showed a significant reduction of auditory hallucinations; Seven out of 11 patients (63.8%) were considered as responders at day 12 with a decrease of more than 30% of the score of Hoffman's scale (Auditory Hallucinations Rating Scale) ; 2 patients presented a drastic improvement with no hallucinations after 12 days of rTMS. The investigators also showed the target based on anatomical and functional MRI was located at the intersection of the left STS and the coronal slice across the vertical line of sylvius sulcus.

The aim of this multicentric double-blind study (randomized and placebo sham) is to demonstrate the efficacy of rTMS at high frequency with neuronavigation in the treatment of auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia and schizo-affective disorders (DSMIV-R).

Methods:

72 subjects will be included after written consent. After randomization, the subject will receive in a double blind either active treatment or placebo (sham coil) treatment.

rTMS : 4 sessions of 13 minutes, with 2 sessions a day, at 20Hz frequency and at an intensity of 80% of rest motor threshold will be delivered. These parameters allow the investigators to be under the risk of epilepsia, the only one severe side effect. Another mild side effect is headache easily treated by antalgic drugs. The target will be established with anatomical MRI eventually associated with functional MRI before treatment.

The efficacy of treatment will be evaluated over 4 weeks (D0, D1, D2, D7, D14, D21 and D30). The primary assessment is the percentage of patients who present a decrease of more than 30% of the frequency item of Auditory Hallucinations Rating Scale (AHRS) between D1 and D30 at 2 evaluations spaced of 1 week (Responder patients). The secondary assessments are : 1- Relative decrease of frequency item of AHRS between D1 and D14 ; 2- Evolution of total score of AHRS at D1, D2, D7, D14, D21 and D30 ; 3- Variation of scores of CGI, SUMD, IS, positive, negative, general and total PANSS scores between D0 and D14 and D30 ; 4- Scores at secondary side effects (adapted UKU) at D2 and D7; 5- Distances between the present target and the classical target based on 10-20 EEG system (T3P3) and/or the target established with functional MRI (cluster of activations induced by a listening comprehension task).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Auditory Hallucinations in Patients With Schizophrenic Disorders Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation: rTMS Device: Placebo (sham coil) treatment Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) at High Frequency With Neuronavigation in the Treatment of Auditory Hallucinations : A Randomized Multicentric Controlled Study
Study Start Date : August 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transcranial magnetic stimulation: rTMS
rTMS : 4 sessions of 13 minutes, with 2 sessions a day, at 20Hz frequency and at an intensity of 80% of rest motor threshold will be delivered
Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation: rTMS
4 sessions of 13 minutes, with 2 sessions a day, at 20Hz frequency and at an intensity of 80% of rest motor threshold will be delivered

Placebo Comparator: placebo (sham coil) treatment Device: Placebo (sham coil) treatment
Sham coil treatment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary assessment is the percentage of patients who present a decrease of more than 30% of the frequency item of AHRS between D1 and D30 at 2 evaluations spaced of 1 week (Responder patients) [ Time Frame: Day 30 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with schizophrenic disorders aged from 16 to 65 years old
  • Patients suffering from auditory hallucinations (score AHRS > 10) undergoing antipsychotic treatments
  • patients clinically stabilised (no antipsychotic treatments modifications for the last 2 months
  • Written signed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • patients with a brain tumor
  • Patients with previous history of epilepsy
  • Patients already treated once by rTMS
  • Counter-indication to MRI or to rTMS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01022489


Locations
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France
Caen University Hospital
Caen, France, 14033
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Caen
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sonia Dollfus, MD, PhD University Hospital, Caen

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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Caen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01022489     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008-A01589-46
First Posted: December 1, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 29, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Caen:
Schizophrenia, auditory hallucinations, TMS

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hallucinations
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Perceptual Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms