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Efficacy and Safety of Budesonide Foam for Participants With Active Mild to Moderate Ulcerative Proctitis or Proctosigmoiditis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01008423
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 5, 2009
Results First Posted : August 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bausch Health Americas, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to establish the efficacy profile of rectally administered budesonide foam, as compared to an equivalent volume of rectally administered placebo foam over the same dosing schedule, in participants who present with a diagnosis of active, mild to moderate, ulcerative proctitis (UP) or ulcerative proctosigmoiditis (UPS). During the study, eligible participants will be allowed to maintain previously established oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) treatment at doses up to 4.8 grams/day (g/day).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Proctitis Proctosigmoiditis Drug: Budesonide Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 281 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Budesonide Foam (2 mg/25 mL BID for 2 Weeks, Followed by 2 mg/25 mL QD for 4 Weeks) Versus Placebo in Subjects With Active Mild to Moderate Ulcerative Proctitis or Proctosigmoiditis
Actual Study Start Date : November 20, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 18, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : March 18, 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Budesonide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Budesonide
Participants who were diagnosed with active mild to moderate UP or UPS, will receive 2 milligrams (mg)/25 milliliter (mL) of budesonide foam, rectally twice daily for a period of 2 weeks followed by 2 mg/25 mL of budesonide foam, rectally once daily for a period of 4 weeks.
Drug: Budesonide
Budesonide will be administered as per the dose and schedule specified in the respective arm.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants who were diagnosed with active mild to moderate UP or UPS will receive 25 mL of placebo matching to budesonide foam twice daily for a period of 2 weeks followed by once daily for a period of 4 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo matching to budesonide will be administered as per the dose and schedule specified in the respective arm.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Remission [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    Remission was a combined assessment of clinical and endoscopic variables, defined as an endoscopy score of less than or equal to (<=) 1, a rectal bleeding score of 0, and an improvement or no change from baseline in stool frequency subscales of the Modified Mayo Disease Activity Index (MMDAI) at the end of 6 weeks of treatment. MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, physician's global assessment (PGA) and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Stool frequency MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal number of stools per day and 3 indicated 5 or more stools than normal. Rectal bleeding MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. Endoscopy MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal or inactive disease and 3 indicated severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Rectal Bleeding MMDAI Subscale Score of 0 at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices:stool frequency, rectal bleeding, physician's global assessment and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  2. Number of Scheduled Assessments With Rectal Bleeding Responder Classification [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 4, and 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. Percentage of participants who were rectal bleeding responder at scheduled assessments were reported. Rectal bleeding responders were defined as those participants who achieved a rectal bleeding MMDAI subscale score of 0 during the treatment period. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an Endoscopy MMDAI Subscale Score of 0 or 1 at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, physician's global assessment and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Endoscopy subscale ranged from 0-3, where 0 = normal or inactive disease, 1 = mild disease, 2 = moderate disease and 3 = severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration). Percentage of participants with normal or mild disease have been presented in this outcome measure. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Score of 0 for Rectal Bleeding Subscale and a Combined Score of <=2 for Bowel Frequency (BF) and Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) in the MMDAI Subscales at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. BF subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal number of stools per day and 3 indicated 5 or more stools than normal. PGA subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal disease and 3 indicated severe disease. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  5. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an MMDAI Total Score of <= 3 With Greater Than or Equal to (>=2) Points of Improvement From Baseline at the End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. BF subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal number of stools per day and 3 indicated 5 or more stools than normal. PGA subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. Endoscopy subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. MMDAI total score ranged from 0-12, where higher score indicated severe disease. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  6. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Improvement of >=1 Point From Baseline in the MMDAI Endoscopy Subscale Score at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Endoscopy subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 = normal or inactive disease, 1 = mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern), 2 = moderate disease (marked erythema, absent vascular pattern, friability, erosions), and 3 = severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration). Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Improvement of >=1 Point From Baseline in the MMDAI Rectal Bleeding Subscale Score at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding MMDAI subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 = no blood seen, 1 = streaks of blood with stool less than half the time, 2 = obvious blood with stool most of the time, and 3 indicated blood alone passed. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  8. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=3 Point Improvement From Baseline in the MMDAI Total Score Including Improvement of >=1 Point From Baseline in the MMDAI Rectal Bleeding Subscale Score and MMDAI Endoscopy Subscale at End of Week 6 [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. BF subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal number of stools per day and 3 indicated 5 or more stools than normal. PGA subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. Endoscopy subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. MMDAI total score ranged from 0-12, where higher score indicated severe disease. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.

  9. Mean Change From Baseline to Week 6 in MMDAI Total Score and Subscale Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
    The MMDAI was used to assess the overall disease activity for each participant. The MMDAI evaluated 4 indices: stool frequency, rectal bleeding, PGA and endoscopy findings each on a scale of 0 to 3 with a maximum total score of 12. Rectal bleeding subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated no blood seen and 3 indicated blood alone passed. BF subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal number of stools per day and 3 indicated 5 or more stools than normal. PGA subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. Endoscopy subscore ranged from 0-3, where 0 indicated normal and 3 indicated severe disease. MMDAI total score ranged from 0-12, where higher score indicated severe disease. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntarily sign written informed consent.
  • Male or non-pregnant and non-lactating females.
  • Confirmed diagnosis (by endoscopy procedure) of active, mild to moderate UP or UPS, with disease extending at least 5 centimeters (cm) but no further than 40 cm from the anal verge.
  • Must possess a baseline MMDAI score between 5 and 10.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History or current diagnosis of Crohn's disease and indeterminate colitis.
  • Prior gastrointestinal surgery except appendectomy and hernia.
  • Concomitant active gastrointestinal disease or distortion of intestinal anatomy.
  • History of diverticulitis, collagenous colitis, celiac disease, recurrent pancreatic or known gallbladder disease.
  • Uncontrolled, previously diagnosed type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • Uncontrolled abnormal thyroid function.
  • Unstable significant cardiovascular, endocrine, neurologic or pulmonary disease.
  • Hemoglobin levels less than (<) 7.5 grams /deciliter (g/dL).
  • History of sclerosing cholangitis, cirrhosis, or hepatic impairment.
  • Renal disease manifested by greater than (>) 2.0 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) serum creatinine.
  • History of avascular hip necrosis, active tuberculosis, ocular herpes simplex or ocular varicella zoster, malignant disease, and HIV or hepatitis B or C.
  • Adrenal insufficiency.
  • Active systemic or cutaneous infection or toxic megacolon, fistula, perforation or abscess.
  • History of uncontrolled psychiatric disorders or seizure disorders.
  • History of asthma requiring ongoing use of inhaled steroids.
  • Recent history of drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Positive stool test for bacterial pathogens, Clostridium difficile toxin, or ovum and parasites.
  • Vaccination within 28 days prior to randomization.
  • Allergies to budesonide or to any other items used in its preparation.
  • Participation in another clinical trial in the past 30 days.
  • Pregnant or at risk of pregnancy.
  • Taking a prohibited medication. Some medications to treat UP/UPS are prohibited during participation in the study, including laxatives and anti-diarrhea medications; however, oral 5-ASA agents at doses up to 4.8 g/day and daily fiber supplements are allowed. Other medications (e.g., antibiotics, anti-seizure and anti-coagulant medicines) are also prohibited.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01008423


Locations
Show Show 62 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bausch Health Americas, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
OverallOfficial: Study Director Bausch Health Companies
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Bausch Health Americas, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01008423    
Other Study ID Numbers: BUCF3002
First Posted: November 5, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 14, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 14, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Keywords provided by Bausch Health Americas, Inc.:
Proctitis
Proctosigmoiditis
Ulcerative
Salix
Budesonide foam
Budesonide
Rectal
Gastrointestinal
Colitis
UC
UP
UPS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Proctocolitis
Ulcer
Colitis, Ulcerative
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Sigmoid Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Proctitis
Proctocolitis
Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Colitis
Colonic Diseases
Sigmoid Diseases
Budesonide
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists