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Plaque Regression and Progenitor Cell Mobilization With Intensive Lipid Elimination Regimen (PREMIER), Phase I (PREMIER)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004406
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2009
Results First Posted : July 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this randomized, multi-site, clinical trial is to determine whether intensive therapy consisting of cholesterol-lowering statin drugs plus apheresis to cleanse the blood of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is more effective than statin therapy alone in reducing plaque volume in heart arteries of patients who have already suffered an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The study will also investigate whether this intensive approach can help increase the presence of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), stem cells that have been shown to reduce cardiovascular (CV) events in ACS patients. This study has II phases and FDA approval for phase II has been received.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Coronary Syndrome Device: intensive LDL-lowering therapy Drug: standard statin monotherapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Using statins to lower blood cholesterol, and specifically LDL, is well established as a long-term strategy to reduce CVs and even death. But the most intensive pharmacologic lipid-lowering therapy with statins, though proven superior to standard dose regimens, is still associated with an unacceptably high rate of recurrent CV events early after an ACS. This study hypothesizes that for ACS patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), intensive lipid-lowering therapy consisting of statins and LDL-apheresis (ILLT) will significantly reduce the total coronary atheroma volume of vulnerable plaque and augment mobilization of peripherally circulating EPC colony forming units, compared to guideline statin monotherapy (SMT). ILLT will lead to fewer CV events for these patients.

Patients presenting at two VA sites with ACS will be screened and consented before undergoing uncomplicated PCI (balloons or stents) and intravascular ultrasound with virtual histology (IVUS-VH). They will then be randomized into the ILLT arm or SMT arm of the study. The ILLT group will receive one treatment of LDL-apheresis plus a daily oral 80mg dose of Atorvastatin; the SMT group will only get the Atorvastatin. Patients will again undergo IVUS-VH 12 weeks after enrollment to measure atheroma volume; EPC level will also be checked.

The four-year duration of the study includes 24 months of accrual, six months of follow-up, and 12 months of study closure and data analysis. A two-sample t-test of mean difference with 90% power and 0.65 Cohen's D effect size provides a total sample size estimate of 102. Counting 20% drop-out rate, the sample size increases to 128.

The recent FDA recommendations regarding the design of the study has been included in the revised study protocol:

  1. The first stage will enroll 30 patients with a 2:1 randomization favoring LDL-apheresis. the safety data will be submitted to the FDA.
  2. The enrollment of the second stage of the study will be contingent to the recommendations of the FDA.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Plaque Regression and Progenitor Cell Mobilization With Intensive Lipid Elimination Regimen (PREMIER)
Study Start Date : September 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: intensive LDL-lowering therapy (ILLT)
Patient of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is randomized to LDL-apheresis and an oral daily dose of 40-80mg of Atorvastatin or equivalent
Device: intensive LDL-lowering therapy
The intensive LDL-lowering therapy uses LDL-apheresis in addition to the standard statin therapy. The device used in this study is the LIPOSORBER LA-15 System, manufactured by Kaneka Pharma America LLC. A filter separates plasma from whole blood, the Liposorber -columns remove LDL from the plasma. The system recombines plasma and blood cells and returns them into the patient's body. This procedure typically takes about 3 hours. The procedure provides an immediate reduction in a patient's lipid levels. A single apheresis treatment can lower LDL by more than 80%, but levels return to baseline within 3 weeks
Other Name: LIPOSORBER LA-15 System

Drug: standard statin monotherapy
The standard statin therapy of 40-80mg oral daily dose of Atorvastatin or other equivalent types of statin to lower LDL in blood for both randomized groups.
Other Name: Atorvastatin or other equivalent types of statin

Active Comparator: standard statin monotherapy (SMT)
Patient of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is randomized to an oral daily dose of 40-80mg of Atorvastatin or equivalent without LDL-apheresis
Drug: standard statin monotherapy
The standard statin therapy of 40-80mg oral daily dose of Atorvastatin or other equivalent types of statin to lower LDL in blood for both randomized groups.
Other Name: Atorvastatin or other equivalent types of statin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Total Atheroma Volume of the Target Coronary Artery From Baseline to 12 Weeks Post-PCI as Assessed Via Intravascular Ultrasound With Virtual Histology (IVUS-VH) [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-week follow-up ]
    The primary effectiveness outcome measure was the change in the total atheroma volume within a ≥ 20 mm long segment of the target coronary artery from baseline to 12 weeks post-PCI. The measurement was done via IVUS-VH at 2 time points (baseline during index PCI and 12-week follow-up).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in % Necrotic Core (NC) Component of Atheroma From Baseline to 12 Weeks Post-PCI as Assessed Via IVUS-VH [ Time Frame: baseline and 12-week follow-up ]
    The %NC component of atheroma were obtained via IVUS-VH at 2 time points (baseline during index PCI and 12-week follow-up).

  2. Endothelial Progenitor Cell Colony Forming Units (EPC-CFU) Per Milliliter of Peripheral Blood Across Time [ Time Frame: pre-PCI, post-PCI, 4-week follow-up, and 12-week follow-up ]
    The cell culture assay and quantification of circulating EPC-CFU were performed for patients recruited at the Dallas VA center only. The assay were done at 4 time points (pre-PCI, post-PCI, 4-week follow-up, and 12-week follow-up).

  3. Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The number of patients who experienced major adverse cardiovascular endpoints (MACE) including death, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, and stroke during the follow-up periods.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   31 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to provide informed consent (including HIPAA)
  • Age >30 years
  • Presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), manifested as unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
  • Referred for clinically-indicated, non-emergent (the procedure is not required to be performed within 3 hours after patient presentation) coronary angiography and PCI with IVUS-VH of target coronary artery for ACS
  • Successful placement of two large bore IV cannulas in bilateral upper extremities
  • Fasting (>= 12 hours) LDL >= 100mg/dl while on <= 80mg Atorvastatin or equivalent dose of other statin, performed at time of admission or 3 months prior to PCI.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known allergy to aspirin, clopidogrel, statins, or iodinated contrast
  • Positive pregnancy test, planning to become pregnant, or breast-feeding
  • Coexisting conditions that limit life expectancy to less than six months or affect patient compliance
  • Uncontrolled fasting (>= 12 hours) triglyceride levels (>= 500mg/dl)
  • Already participating in an investigational device or drug study
  • History of heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)
  • Persons with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 ml/min if they are diabetic; persons with eGFR of less than 45 ml/min if they are not diabetic
  • ST-elevation myocardial infarction at admission
  • Abnormal liver function test (LFT) at time of admission or 3 month prior to PCI with abnormal LFT defined as any liver transaminases (ALT or AST) 3 times the upper limit of the normal laboratory reference
  • Pre-PCI or post-PCI left ventricular ejection fraction <25% by echo or cardiac catheterization done after admission
  • Pre-PCI, intra-PCI, or post-PCI hemodynamic instability with hypotension
  • Pre-PCI, intra-PCI, or post-PCI cardiac arrest
  • Pre-PCI or post-PCI heart failure with or without pulmonary edema
  • Intra-PCI or post-PCI sustained ventricular tachycardia
  • Complicated PCI, defined as PCI with any of the vascular access complications (large hematoma with lump > 5 cm or requiring medical treatment; arteriovenous (AV) fistula; pseudo aneurysm requiring treatment; retroperitoneal bleeding), or PCI with any of the procedural complications (abrupt vessel closure; no-reflow phenomenon; new angiographic thrombus; new major dissection with reduced flow; catheter-related thrombus), or PCI requiring further medical treatments (urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); endotracheal intubation; unplanned in-aortic balloon pump; left ventricular assist device (LVAD); covered stent; unplanned temporary pacemaker wire; administration of inotropes; CPR) , or PCI resulting in clinical events (death; stroke; myocardial infarction; stent thrombosis) during or within 24 hours after the index PCI
  • Post-PCI ongoing chest pain
  • Post-PCI severe groin pain and hematoma > 5cm in diameter
  • Persons whose hemoglobin is less than 9 grams following the index PCI/IVUS procedure, or who experience a drop in hemoglobin of greater than or equal to 2 grams following the procedure
  • Not able to comply with study protocol as determined by the investigators

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01004406


Locations
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United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma City VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Texas
VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75216
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Subhash Banerjee, MD VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas

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Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004406     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CLIN-010-09S
First Posted: October 30, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 15, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
plaque
LDL
statin
endothelial
apheresis
acute coronary syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acute Coronary Syndrome
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Atorvastatin
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors