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Safety and Efficacy Trial of Danazol in Patients With Fanconi Anemia or Dyskeratosis Congenita

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01001598
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study was terminated due to under enrollment)
First Posted : October 26, 2009
Results First Posted : February 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 19, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Colin Sieff, Boston Children's Hospital

Brief Summary:

Fanconi anemia (FA) and Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) are inherited bone marrow failure syndromes. The current androgen treatments (e.g., oxymetholone) used to treat FA and DC can cause unwanted masculinizing side effects, indicating a need for a different medication. Danazol is a less potent androgen,and may therefore have fewer masculinizing side effects. Danazol is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of other diseases, but it has never been studied in patients with FA and DC.

The main purpose of this study is to see if danazol is a safe treatment for FA and DC. Specifically,we would like to determine:

  • the best dose of danazol;
  • how fast hemoglobin (a protein that carries oxygen in the blood) levels rise in FA and DC patients receiving danazol therapy; and
  • the genetic pattern (known as expression profile) of certain cells in response to danazol, which can predict how well people respond to the medication.

Subjects who enroll in the study will be treated with danazol for up to 24 weeks (about 6 months), and will have up to 11 study visits, including followup visits at 38 weeks (9 months) and 52 weeks (one year).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fanconi Anemia Dyskeratosis Congenita Drug: danazol Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Eligible patients with either Fanconi anemia (FA) or Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) will initially receive danazol at a dose of 5 mg/kg/d orally, rounded to the nearest 100 mg. For the first 8 weeks, the patient will be evaluated at weeks 2, 5, and 8 for hematologic response (HR). If the patient shows a hematological response (either a hemoglobin or platelet value no longer meeting blood cell count criteria for protocol inclusion in the absence of recent transfusions)within the first 12 weeks on the initial dose, the study drug will be continued at this dose for the next 6 weeks. If the patient fails to show any hematologic response within the first 12 weeks, the dose will be escalated to 10 mg/kg/day for the next 6 weeks, and an additional monitoring visit will be required at week 14. If at week 18, the patient fails to show any hematological response on the increased dose, the dose will be increased to 15 mg/kg/day for another 6 weeks (not to exceed 800 mg/day), and an additional monitoring visit will be required at week 20. At 24 weeks, if there is no response to this dose the patient will be taken off study drug and classified as a treatment failure, and will be monitored at weeks 38 and week 52). After week 24, if the patient continues to show a response, however, the study drug may be continued at the discretion of their primary care physician, with monitoring at weeks 38 and 52.

Should the patient lose the hematologic response on 5 or 10 mg/kg/day dosing at any point within the first 18 weeks of treatment, the dose will be escalated to 10 or 15 mg/kg/day (not to exceed 800 mg/day), respectively. The patient will continue to be evaluated at the next visit. If after week 24 no hematologic improvement is seen, the patient is then taken off study drug and monitored at weeks 38 and 52.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Dose Escalation Trial of Danazol in Patients With Fanconi Anemia or Dyskeratosis Congenita
Study Start Date : November 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Subjects with either Fanconi anemia or Dyskeratosis congenita
Drug: danazol
Dosage is done according to weight; capsules are 50, 100, 200 mg
Other Name: Danocrine, Danol, Danatrol

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Toxicity Associated With Danazol Therapy: Virilization, and/or New or Progressive Evidence of Either Hepatic or Renal Toxicity at a Grade II Level Using National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTC). [ Time Frame: 48 weeks (24 weeks treatment and 24 weeks extension phase) ]
    All toxicities were collected and adjudicated to definitely-related, possibly-related, or unrelated to the treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Optimal Dose and Number of Participants With Hematologic Response Rate in Fanconi Anemia (FA) and Dyskeratosis Congenita (DC) Patients Receiving Danazol Therapy [ Time Frame: 12, 18 and 24 weeks ]

    The optimal dose could not be calculated because the number of participants needed to do this were not enrolled. Hematologic response rate (HR) was calculated for each participant at Week 12, 18, and 24. HR was defined by hemoglobin (Hg), platelets or neutrophil response. Please find the evaluation criteria used below:

    Hemoglobin response: Hgb≥8 g/dL if baseline Hgb≤7 g/dL, or Hgb rise ≥1 g/dL from baseline if baseline Hgb>7 g/dL. No RBC transfusion during the 8 weeks prior to response evaluation.

    Platelet response: Platelet count ≥30,000/ μL if baseline platelet count ≤20,000/ μL, or platelet count rise >10,000/ μL from baseline if baseline platelet count >20,000/ μL. No platelet transfusion during the 4 weeks prior to response evaluation.

    ANC response: ANC count ≥1,000/ μL if baseline ANC count ≤500/ μL, or ANC count rise >500/ μL from baseline if baseline ANC count >500/ μL.

  2. The Gene Expression Profile of Progenitor Cells in Response to Danazol, Both to Predict Responsiveness and to Screen for Small Molecules That Show a Profile Similar to That of Responsive Patients [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 weeks ]
    The gene expression profiles were planned to be run on bone marrow samples collected from patients at baseline and 24 weeks but bone marrow was never collected at 24 weeks.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be diagnosed with FA that is documented by a positive test for increased chromosomal breakage with mitomycin C or diepoxybutane. DC patients must have clinical features consistent with the diagnosis, abnormally short lymphocyte telomeres < 1st centile by flow-FISH evaluation, or mutation in one of the known DC genes (DKC1, TERT, TERC, TINF2, NOP10, NHP2).
  2. At least the following peripheral blood cytopenias: (without transfusion) Absolute neutrophil count < 500/uL or Platelet count < 30,000/uL or Hemoglobin < 8.0 gm/dl
  3. Negative pregnancy test by hCG testing, if of child-bearing potential.
  4. Agreement to use a medically approved form of birth control, if of child-bearing potential.
  5. Signed informed consent by the patient or legally authorized representative.
  6. Patients must be either 3 years of age or > 14 kg.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Malignancy
  2. Concurrent enrollment in any other study using an investigational drug.
  3. Concurrent use of anticoagulants.
  4. Use of androgen therapy within last three months.
  5. Patients with liver disease as defined by SGOT, SGPT or bilirubin greater than the upper limit of normal.
  6. Patients with renal disease as defined by serum creatinine greater than the upper limit of normal for age.
  7. Patients less than either 3 years of age or 14 kg.
  8. Patients who have HLA matched sibling donors.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01001598

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United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Children's Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Colin A Sieff, MB.BCh Boston Children's Hospital
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Responsible Party: Colin Sieff, Director, Bone Marrow Failure Service, Boston Children's Hospital Identifier: NCT01001598    
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-03-0131
First Posted: October 26, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: February 19, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fanconi Syndrome
Fanconi Anemia
Dyskeratosis Congenita
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hypoplastic, Congenital
Anemia, Aplastic
Bone Marrow Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
DNA Repair-Deficiency Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Skin Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Skin Diseases
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs