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Safety and Dose Determining Multi-dose Study of BT062 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01001442
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 26, 2009
Results First Posted : May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation

Brief Summary:
This Phase I/IIa clinical study is to test safety and anti-tumor activity of BT062 to define the best dose in treating patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma with multiple doses of BT062.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: BT062 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Phase I/IIa, open-label, 3 + 3 multi-dose escalation study. The Phase I part of the study was to include the dose escalation cohort; a conventional dose escalation design, following 3 + 3 rules was chosen to define the MTD.

The Phase IIa part was to include the MTD/recommended phase II dose (RPTD) expansion cohort in which descriptive statistical methods for evaluation of response, time to event endpoints, and safety were to be performed.

35 subjects in the Safety population, 34 subjects in the ITT and PP populations.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Multi-Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD), Pharmacokinetics (PK), Safety and Efficacy of BT062 in Subjects With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : August 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BT062
BT062 was to be administered as single-dose IV infusions via a 0.22 μm in-line filter preferably in a forearm vein, according to medically accepted procedures on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle. Alternatively BT062 may have been administered through a central venous line or a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). Other administration routes were only to be allowed after approval from Biotest. Each subject was to be monitored carefully for the effects of exposure to BT062. No subject was to have received more than 3 doses of BT062 per 28-day treatment cycle.
Drug: BT062
intravenous administration
Other Name: Indatuximab ravtansine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) - Number of Participants With at Least 1 DLT [ Time Frame: Starting with first study drug administration until 30-day follow-up visit (average 4.99 months) ]
    The primary safety variable was to determine the incidence of DLTs in subjects with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma treated with BT062.

  2. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: First 28-day cycle ]

    The Phase I part of the study was to include the dose escalation cohort; a conventional dose escalation design, following 3 + 3 rules was chosen to define the MTD.

    Only DLTs occurring in cycle 1 for each subject were counted in the dose escalation decisions.

    Three subjects were treated at the first or newest dose level as available. If none of the 3 subjects experienced a DLT during Cycle 1, three subjects could be treated at the next dose level as available.

    In case of a DLT the cohort was expanded to up to 6 subjects. If not more than 1 of these 6 subjects experienced a DLT during Cycle 1, a first subject could be treated at the next dose level.

    If 2 or more of the 6 subjects experienced a DLT during Cycle 1 the dose escalation was stopped.

    The highest dose level at which < 2 of 6 subjects experienced a DLT is defined as the MTD.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Qualitative and Quantitative Toxicities of BT062 [ Time Frame: Starting with first study drug administration until 30-day follow-up visit (average 4.99 months) ]

    Qualitative and quantitative toxicities assessed by incidence of adverse events and by clinically significant changes in the patient's physical examination, vital signs, and clinical laboratory results.

    The incidence of treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs), including serious adverse events (SAEs).

  2. Multi-dose Pharmacokinetics Properties of BT062 - Cmax [ Time Frame: Starting with first study drug administration until 30-day follow-up visit (average 4.99 months). ]

    Multi-dose Pharmacokinetics properties of BT062 after intravenous (IV) Administration of escalating doses of BT062 as assessed by measuring intact BT062 conjugate.

    Please note that not all subjects reached Cycle 4 due to early termination . A lower number of samples could be analyzed for Cycle 4.

  3. Anti-tumor Activity of BT062 in Subjects With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma by Number of Participants With Objective Response(ORR) and/or Clinial Benefit(CBR) Based on the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria [ Time Frame: On day 1 of each treatment cycle (on a monthly basis) starting with first study drug administration until Close Out visit (average 3.84 months). ]
    sCR:CR+normal FLC+absence of clonal cells in BM; CR:Negative immunofixation,disappearance of soft tissue plasmacytomas +≤5% plasma cells in BM+normal FLC; VGPR:M-protein detectable by immunofixation,not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein+urine M-protein level <100mg per 24h,>90% decrease in the difference between involved/uninvolved FLC; PR:≥50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-h urinary M-protein by ≥90% or to <200 mg per 24 h or ≥50% decrease in the difference between involved/uninvolved FLC or ≥50% reduction in plasma cells, provided baseline bone marrow plasma cell percentage was ≥30%, ≥50% size reduction of soft tissue plasmacytomas; MR:25%-49% reduction of serum M-protein+reduction in 24h urinary M-protein by 50-89%(still >200 mg/24h),25-49% soft tissue plasmacytomas size reduction,no increase in size or number of lytic bone lesions; SD:no response or PD ORR: %of subjects with MR+PR+VGPR+CR+sCR CBR:ORR + %of subjects with SD.

  4. Time to Progression (TTP), Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Starting with first study drug administration until death or 3 years from first study treatment. ]

    Progressive disease

    Requires any one or more of the following:

    Increase of ≥ 25% from baseline in

    • Serum M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥ 0.5 g/dL) (increases of ≥ 1 g/dL are sufficient to define relapse if starting M-component is ≥ 5 g/dL).
    • Urine M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥ 200mg/24h).

    Only in patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels. The absolute increase must be > 10 mg/dL.

    Bone marrow plasma cell percentage: the absolute % must be ≥ 10% (relapse form CR as a 5% cutoff instead of 10%).

    Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas.

    Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium > 11.5 mg/dL or 2.65 mmol/l) that can be attributed solely to the plasma cell proliferative disorder.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of active multiple myeloma according to the International Myeloma Working Group diagnostic criteria
  • Relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma
  • Previous treatment with both an immunomodulator and a proteosome inhibitor therapy
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (Zubrod) ≤ 2
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Ability to adhere with the study visit schedule and other protocol procedures
  • Life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks
  • Normal organ and marrow function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to day 1 or those who have not recovered from AEs due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier
  • Treatment with another investigational agent during the study or within 4 weeks before day 1
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks before day 1 (this does not include placement of vascular access device or tumor biopsies)
  • Antineoplastic therapy with biological agents within 2 weeks before day 1
  • Known HAHAs, HACAs, or HAMAs in response to previous MAb therapy
  • Previous treatment with BT062
  • Malignancy within 3 years before day 1, other than the trial indication multiple myeloma and excluding treated non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer and carcinoma in-situ of the cervix
  • Severe diseases of skin, colon, esophagus, or eye within 1 year before day 1, as judged by the Investigator
  • Severe infections necessitating use of antibiotics / antivirals during the screening period
  • Clinically relevant active infection including active hepatitis B or C or human immunodeficiency virus (HBV, HCV, or HIV) or any other concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for enrollment into this study
  • Acute or relevant abnormalities in electrocardiogram (ECG), as judged by the Investigator. These abnormalities can be defined as recent myocardial infarction, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias and/or pronounced disturbances of the electrical conduction system of the heart.
  • Significant cardiac disease such as recent myocardial infarction (≤ 6 months prior to day 1), unstable angina, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension (recurrent or persistent increases in systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 110 mm Hg), uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, grade 3 (Lown Criteria) or greater cardiac toxicity from prior chemotherapy
  • History of clinically significant drug or alcohol abuse
  • Unwillingness or inability to adhere to the requirements of the study
  • Concomitant therapy with corticosteroids (except as indicated in low dose for other medical conditions such as inhaled steroid for asthma, topical use, or as premedication for administration of certain medications (including BT062) or blood products and for treatment of infusion reactions if needed)
  • Concomitant antineoplastic therapies including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or biological agents during the study
  • Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the Investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if he or she are included in the study
  • Breast-feeding
  • Unwillingness to use an effective contraceptive method during the study and at least 3 months after administration of study drug - unless subject is naturally infertile. (Acceptable contraceptive methods include oral or injectable contraceptives, intrauterine devices (IUD), double-barrier method, contraceptive patch, surgical sterilization, or condoms).
  • Positive serum or urine pregnancy test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01001442

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United States, Georgia
Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Illinois
The University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
The Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation
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Study Director: Kenneth C. Anderson, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation Identifier: NCT01001442    
Other Study ID Numbers: 975
First Posted: October 26, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: January 2018
Keywords provided by Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation:
Multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action