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Clinical Evaluation of LeGoo™ Internal Vessel Occluder Versus Traditional Vessel Loops (LeGoo)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00985634
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2009 by Pluromed, Inc..
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 28, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2009
Information provided by:
Pluromed, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate the clinical safety and efficacy of LeGoo™ in comparison to a standard vessel occlusion method (i.e. vessel loops). Although LeGoo™ is suitable for use in any vascular surgery where temporary vessel occlusion is desired, this study specifically focuses on the use of LeGoo™ in off-pump coronary bypass (OPCAB), as a most sensitive model of adverse changes that may occur at any vascular site.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Device: LeGoo Device: Control Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of LeGoo™ as compared to a traditional vessel loop. LeGoo is a device that is intended to be used during surgical procedures to temporarily occlude blood vessels while forming an anastomosis. LeGoo™ will be evaluated in subjects undergoing off-pump coronary artery by-pass (OPCAB) surgery. This is a prospective, randomized trial with a 30-day follow-up period. Half of the eligible patients will be randomized to the experimental group (LeGoo™); and the other half to the control group (standard vessel loops).

LeGoo™ is polymer-based device which is comprised of a non-toxic and biocompatible gel that exists as a liquid at low temperatures and rapidly transitions to a solid at body temperature, forming a plug that can occlude blood vessels. LeGoo™ is injected into a blood vessel that is intended to be occluded, where it stays in a "plug" form for several minutes allowing the surgeon to work in a bloodless field. The gel dissolves with time (spontaneously) or can be reversed back to liquid instantly by cooling the site with ice or irrigating with cold saline. Once dissolved below a minimum concentration, the polymer can never re-solidify.

The primary research hypothesis is that surgeons will obtain a bloodless surgical field and achieve satisfactory hemostasis in a larger proportion of anastomoses using LeGoo™ than using a conventional temporary hemostasis technique.

Satisfactory hemostasis is defined by the surgeon who will quantitate his/her observation about the quality of the surgical field using the following scoring system:

  1. - Excellent hemostasis (no bleeding)
  2. - Minimal bleeding (bleeding does not interfere with suturing)
  3. - Modest bleeding (required intermittent use of another device to control bleeding at the site of the anastomosis)
  4. - Copious bleeding (required continuous use of another device)

"Excellent hemostasis" and "minimal bleeding" are considered "satisfactory hemostasis." Satisfactory hemostasis will constitute a treatment success for the purpose of evaluating the primary efficacy of LeGoo. The primary endpoint is the proportion of anastomoses in which satisfactory hemostasis is achieved.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 110 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Clinical Evaluation of LeGoo™ Internal Vessel Occluder Vs Traditional Vessel Loops
Study Start Date : September 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: LeGoo
Subjects in this arm, which is assigned at random, will receive the study device.
Device: LeGoo
LeGoo internal vessel occluder. Usage (dose) as required and determined by surgeon.

Active Comparator: Control
Subjects in this arm will not receive the study device, but receive the standard of care for vessel occlusion (vessel loops.)
Device: Control
Vessel loops

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary research hypothesis is that surgeons will obtain a bloodless surgical field and achieve satisfactory hemostasis in a larger proportion of anastomoses using LeGoo™ than using a conventional temporary hemostasis technique. [ Time Frame: in operating room ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total duration of the anastomosis, blood loss during the surgery, Time required to occlude the vessel, the number of units of blood transfused during hospitalization. [ Time Frame: in operating room (day of surgery) ]
  2. Safety will be measured by comparing a composite of four serious adverse events experienced by the treated and control groups: death, graft occlusion, myocardial damage, and low post procedure cardiac output. [ Time Frame: one month post op ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects undergoing elective off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery where the surgeon prospectively plans to use a vascular occlusion device.
  2. >70% proximal stenosis of at least one target coronary artery, other than left main
  3. Age: between the ages 18 -79 years
  4. Gender: male and female
  5. Subject is willing and able to participate in a clinical research study and provides informed consent.
  6. Subject is able and willing to participate in required follow-up procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous cardiac surgery.
  2. Left ventricular dysfunction (EF <40%)
  3. >50% of left main coronary artery stenosis
  4. Subjects with a logistic EuroScore equal to or greater than 10% as calculated by the calculator
  5. Emergent Surgery: Subjects undergoing surgery before the start of the next working day following catheterization
  6. Creatinine > 200 µmol/L
  7. Bilirubin > 21 µmol/L
  8. Subjects with chronic pulmonary disease [ FEV1 < 45% ]
  9. Any subject who is deemed by the investigator, for any reason, not suitable or able to participate in a clinical research study.
  10. Pregnant women. Women of childbearing age will require a pregnancy test within 10 days of the operation and will be excluded if the result is positive.
  11. Women who are lactating.
  12. Subjects who have undergone other investigational therapy within 30 days prior to the operation or who are scheduled to receive investigational therapy within six months of the operation.
  13. Subjects suspected to have one intra-myocardial artery among the coronary arteries to be bypassed during that surgery.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00985634

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Contact: James A Wilkie, BS 781 932 0574
Contact: Jean-Marie Vogel, BS 781 932 0574

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Klinik fur Herzchirurgie Herzzentrum Leipzig Recruiting
Leipzig, Germany
Contact: Ardawan Rastan, MD    49 341 865-1421   
Principal Investigator: Ardawan Rastan, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pluromed, Inc.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: James Wilkie / Vice President Operations, Pluromed, Inc. Identifier: NCT00985634    
Other Study ID Numbers: LeGoo EURO rev D
First Posted: September 28, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2009
Last Verified: September 2009
Keywords provided by Pluromed, Inc.:
off pump bypass OPCAB