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Drug-Drug Interaction Study Between Colchicine and Ketoconazole

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00983216
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 24, 2009
Results First Posted : September 24, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2009
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Ketoconazole is a potent inhibitor of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 enzyme system, one of the enzyme systems responsible for the metabolism of colchicine. This study will evaluate the effect of multiple doses of ketoconazole on the pharmacokinetic profile of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. A secondary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in healthy volunteers. All study subjects will be monitored for adverse events throughout the study period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pharmacokinetics Drug: Colchicine Drug: Ketoconazole Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Ketoconazole is a potent inhibitor of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 enzyme system, one of the enzyme systems responsible for the metabolism of colchicine. This study will evaluate the effect of multiple doses of ketoconazole on the pharmacokinetic profile of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. A secondary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in healthy volunteers. All study subjects will be monitored for adverse events throughout the study period. After a fast of at least 10 hours, twenty-four healthy, non-smoking, non-obese, non-pregnant adult volunteers between the ages of 18 and 45 years will be given one dose of colchicine (1 x 0.6 mg tablet) orally on Day 1. Fasting will continue for 4 hours after the dose. Blood samples will be drawn from all participants before dosing and for twenty-four hours post-dose on a confined basis at times sufficient to adequately define the pharmacokinetics of colchicine. Blood sampling will then continue on a non-confined basis on Days 2-5. On Days 15-18, subjects will return to the clinic daily for non-confined dosing of ketoconazole (1 x 200 mg tablet) twice daily, every 12 hours. Administered ketoconazole doses on these days will not necessarily be in a fasted state. On Day 15, after taking the first dose of ketoconazole, subjects will remain in the clinic for observation for 1 hour post-dose administration. Then, on Day 19, co-administration of a single dose of colchicine (1 x 0.6 mg tablet) and ketoconazole (1 x 200 mg tablet) will occur following a fast of at least 10 hours in subjects confined to the clinic for dosing and 24-hour blood sampling will be performed at times sufficient to adequately determine the pharmacokinetics of colchicine. Blood sampling will continue on a non-confined basis on Days 20-23. Fasting will continue for 4 hours following the co-administered dose of ketoconazole and colchicine. The final dose of ketoconazole (1 x 200 mg tablet) will be administered to subjects the evening of Day 19, in a non-fasting state. A further goal of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in healthy volunteers. Subjects will be monitored throughout participation in the study for adverse reactions to the study drug and/or procedures. Vital signs (blood pressure and pulse) will be measured prior to dosing and at 1, 2, and 3 hours following drug administration on Days 1 and 19 to coincide with peak plasma concentrations of both colchicine and ketoconazole. All adverse events whether elicited by query, spontaneously reported, or observed by clinic staff, will be evaluated by the Investigator and reported in the subject's case report form.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A One-Directional, Open-Label Drug Interaction Study to Investigate the Effects of Multiple-Dose Ketoconazole on Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics of Colchicine in Healthy Volunteers
Study Start Date : July 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Reactions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Colchicine alone
-baseline colchicine pharmacokinetics
Drug: Colchicine
A single dose of colchicine 0.6 mg administered alone at 7:30 a.m. on Day 1.
Other Name: COLCRYS TM

Experimental: Colchicine with Steady-State Ketoconazole
-colchicine pharmacokinetics in presence of steady-state ketoconazole
Drug: Ketoconazole
one 200 mg Ketoconazole tablet administered twice daily at 7:15 a.m. and 7:15 p.m. on Days 15-18 without regard to meals, then along with colchicine at 7:15 a.m. on Day 19 after an overnight fast of at least 10 hours; final dose of 200 mg administered at 7:15 p.m. on Day 19

Drug: Colchicine
A single dose of colchicine 0.6 mg administered along with ketoconazole at 7:15 a.m. on Day 19 after an overnight fast of at least 10 hours




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: serial pharmacokinetic blood samples drawn within 1 hour prior to colchicine dosing (0 hour) on Days 1 and 19, and then 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 hours after colchicine dose administration ]
  2. Area Under the Concentration Versus Time Curve From Time 0 to Time t [AUC(0-t)] [ Time Frame: serial pharmacokinetic blood samples drawn within 1 hour prior to colchicine dosing (0 hour) on Days 1 and 19, and then 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 hours after colchicine dose administration ]
  3. Area Under the Concentration Versus Time Curve From Time 0 Extrapolated to Infinity [AUC(0-∞)] [ Time Frame: serial pharmacokinetic blood samples drawn within 1 hour prior to colchicine dosing (0 hour) on Days 1 and 19, and then 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 hours after colchicine dose administration ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adults 18-45 years of age, non-smoking and non-pregnant (post-menopausal, surgically sterile or using effective contraceptive measures) with a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 32, inclusive

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recent participation (within 28 days) in other research studies
  • Recent significant blood donation or plasma donation
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Test positive at screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), or hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • Recent (2-year) history or evidence of alcoholism or drug abuse
  • History or presence of significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, gallbladder or biliary tract, renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurologic, or psychiatric disease
  • Subjects who have used any drugs or substances known to inhibit or induce cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes and/or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) within 28 days prior to the first dose and throughout the study
  • Drug allergies to colchicine or ketoconazole or any other anti-fungal agent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00983216


Locations
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United States, North Dakota
PRACS Institute, Ltd. - Cetero Research
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anthony R Godfrey, Pharm.D. PRACS - Cetero
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Vice President, Branded Products and Medical Affairs, Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00983216    
Other Study ID Numbers: MPC-004-08-1012
First Posted: September 24, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 24, 2009
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2009
Last Verified: October 2009
Keywords provided by Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.:
blood levels over time;
pharmacokinetics;
healthy adult;
cytochrome p450
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ketoconazole
Colchicine
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Gout Suppressants
Antirheumatic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Antineoplastic Agents