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Erlotinib Study for Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00977548
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 15, 2009
Results First Posted : September 16, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2013
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, erlotinib has on the patient and their myelodysplastic syndrome. Erlotinib has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat non-small cell lung cancer; however, erlotinib use in this study is considered investigational as the FDA has not approved it for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Erlotinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Screening Period: Informed consent, physical examination, medical history report, blood tests, pregnancy test (if applicable), list of current medications, description of symptoms, chest x-ray, ECG, bone marrow aspirate/biopsy within 4 weeks of study start.

Weeks 2,6,10 and 14: Blood tests.

Weeks 4 and 12: Blood tests, physical exam, patients will answer question about how they are feeling and if there are any changes to medication they have taken.

Weeks 8 and 16: Blood tests, physical exam, patients will answer question about how they are feeling and if there are any changes to medication they have taken, bone marrow aspirate/biopsy (if physician has determined the patient has had a clinical response or partial response to treatment.

After week 16 (if responding to treatment): Have a bone marrow aspirate/biopsy (will be repeated at time of relapse, i.e., more than 50% increase in the percentage of myeloblasts [leukemia cells] or drop in blood counts after they improved or requiring regular blood transfusions after not requiring them for at least 8 weeks, or after 1 year in study).

After the patient has stopped taking erlotinib: Periodic follow-up on patients' status.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Evaluating the Role of Erlotinib an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Inhibitor in the Treatment of Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Erlotinib Treatment
Erlotinib was given as an oral 150 mg daily dose for 16 weeks. The dose was adjusted for diarrhea, rash and pulmonary toxicity.
Drug: Erlotinib
Participants took erlotinib at least 1 hour before, or 2 hours after they ate a meal or snack. Participants were advised to take erlotinib at around the same time every day.
Other Names:
  • Tarceva
  • OSI-774

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Combined Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Months ]
    Best Response Categories: Marrow complete response (CR), Bone marrow: ≤ 5% myeloblasts and decrease by ≥ 50% over pretreatment; Hematological improvement (HI), Hgb increase by ≥ 1.5 g/dL, Absolute increase of ≥ 30 x 10^9/L for patients starting with > 20 x 10^9/L, At least 100% increase and an absolute increase of > 0.5 x 10^9/L, as defined by the International Working Group (IWG) 2006 criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Months ]
    OS: The time from randomization until death from any cause. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used for secondary endpoint analysis.

  2. Median Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Months ]
    PFS: The time elapsed between treatment initiation and tumor progression or death from any cause. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used for secondary endpoint analysis. Disease Progression is defined using International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria for MDS, as at least 50% decrement from maximum remission/response levels in granulocytes or platelets; reduction in hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration by ≥ 2 g/dL; transfusion dependence.

  3. Leukemia Free Survival (LFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Months ]
    LFS: Survival without evidence of relapse at any time post-transplant. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used for secondary endpoint analysis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have an established diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and have either: Low or intermediate 1 risk disease by International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) for MDS with symptomatic anemia (defined as hemoglobin less than 10.0 g/dl) or transfusion dependent anemia (defined as requiring ≥ 4 units of red blood cells (RBCs) administered with a pretreatment hemoglobin value of ≤ 9 g/dL in the 8 weeks prior to Day 1 of treatment in this study). Patients with anemia must have no response to at least to 6 weeks trial of erythroid stimulating agents (ESA) [erythropoietin/ darbepoetin]. Patients with serum erythropoietin levels more than 500 mU/ ml on diagnosis are eligible to the study without erythropoietin/darbepoetin prior treatment. Patients who do not meet anemia criteria are still eligible if they had thrombocytopenia with two or more platelet counts < 50 x 10^9/L or a significant clinical hemorrhage requiring platelet transfusions or if they had neutropenia with an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1 x 10^9/L; Intermediate-2 or high risk MDS by IPSS.
  • Patients ≥ 60 years with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) by WHO classification and myeloblasts percentage 20-30% (RAEB-t by MDS French-American-British (FAB) classification) are eligible for the study if deemed not suitable for induction chemotherapy or declined that option.
  • All prior treatment must have been discontinued 28 days prior to Day 1 of treatment in this study except (ESA) and colony stimulating factors where it should be stopped 14 days prior to start therapy on study, and hydroxyurea should be stopped 2 days before.
  • Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplant is allowed.
  • Secondary or therapy related MDS patients are eligible.
  • Patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) are eligible.
  • Patients must have a performance status of 0 - 2 by Zubrod performance status criteria.
  • Pretreatment pathology materials must be available for morphologic review. Collection of blood and marrow specimens for pathology review must be completed within 28 days prior to registration.
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for at least 2 years.
  • In calculating days of tests and measurements, the day a test or measurement is done is considered Day 0. Therefore, if a test is done on a Monday, the Monday four weeks later would be considered Day 28. This allows for efficient patient scheduling without exceeding the guidelines. If Day 28 or 60 falls on a weekend or holiday, the limit may be extended to the next working day.
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not have received prior remission induction chemotherapy as treatment for MDS.
  • Patients must not be pregnant or nursing because of the potential risks of the drugs used in this study. Women/men of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method.
  • Patients who are known HIV positive are not eligible for this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00977548

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Genentech, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Rami Komrokji, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT00977548    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-15961
OSI3666s ( Other Identifier: Genentech )
First Posted: September 15, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 16, 2013
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2013
Last Verified: May 2013
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
blood diseases
bone marrow
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action