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Trial of the Combination of Bevacizumab and Everolimus in Patients With Refractory, Progressive Intracranial Meningioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00972335
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study terminated early due to slow accrual)
First Posted : September 4, 2009
Results First Posted : June 4, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2015
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC

Brief Summary:
In this multicenter, Phase II trial, the investigators plan to evaluate the activity of the combination of bevacizumab and everolimus in patients with recurrent, progressive meningioma following maximal treatment with surgical resection and local radiation therapy. Although these patients are relatively rare, there is currently no established standard of treatment for a disease that causes a great deal of morbidity, and that is eventually fatal.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Intracranial Meningioma Drug: Everolimus Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of the Combination of Bevacizumab and Everolimus in Patients With Refractory, Progressive Intracranial Meningioma
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Combination Therapy

Everolimus; this drug will be dosed at 10 mg orally DAILY for the duration of the study.

Bevacizumab; this drug will be given IV at 10 mg/kg on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day treatment cycle for the duration of the study

Drug: Everolimus
This drug will be dosed at 10 mg orally DAILY for the duration of the study.
Other Name: RAD001

Drug: Bevacizumab
This drug will be given IV at 10 mg/kg on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day treatment cycle for the duration of the study.
Other Name: Avastin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS), in the Treatment of Patients With Refractory Meningioma. [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the time from randomization until objective tumor progression (PD) or death. Progression is defined per MacDonald criteria for response as ≥25% increase in size of enhancing tumor or any new tumor on MRI scan, neurologically worse, and steroids stable or increased.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To Evaluate the Toxicity of Bevacizumab/Everolimus in Patients With Recurrent Meningioma. [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
  2. To Correlate the Activity of This Treatment Regimen With Expression of Selected Intra-tumoral Biomarkers. [ Time Frame: 18 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be 18 years of age.
  2. Histologic diagnosis of meningioma, WHO grade 1, 2, or 3 (benign, atypical, or malignant). In addition, patients with definitive radiologic evidence of meningioma who are unresectable, and in whom radiation therapy without biopsy is the standard treatment, are also eligible.
  3. All patients must have developed recurrent disease/progression after receiving all standard treatments, which must include the following:

    • surgical resection, if possible;
    • definitive radiation therapy for unresectable meningioma, or for recurrent meningioma after resection.
    • patients must be at least 4 weeks post-surgery, and must be at least 2 weeks post-radiation therapy, with resolution of related toxicities.
  4. All patients must have progressive symptoms judged to be directly related to their recurrent/progressive meningioma. Patients with no new symptoms, or patients with stable neurologic deficits from previous surgical resection, are not eligible.
  5. Patients may have had 0 or 1 previous systemic treatment regimens.
  6. ECOG performance status of 0-2.
  7. Adequate bone marrow, kidney, and liver function, as follows:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/μL
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥9 g/dL
    • Platelets ≥100,000/L (≤7 days prior to treatment)
    • AST or ALT ≤2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional ULN
    • Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x institutional ULN
  8. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  9. Ability to swallow whole pills.
  10. Patients must have measurable disease on MRI scan.
  11. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to start of treatment. Women of childbearing potential or men with partners of childbearing potential must use effective birth control measures during treatment. If a woman becomes pregnant or suspects she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must agree to inform her treating physician immediately.
  12. INR ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) . (Anticoagulation is allowed if target INR is ≤1.5 on a stable dose of warfarin or on a stable dose of LMW heparin for >2 weeks at the time of study entry).
  13. Fasting serum cholesterol ≤300 mg/dL OR ≤7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides ≤2.5 x institutional ULN. Note: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included in the study after initiation of appropriate lipid-lowering medication.
  14. Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up.
  15. Patients must be able to understand the investigational nature of this study and give written informed consent prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous treatment with bevacizumab or any other anti-angiogenesis agents.
  2. Previous treatment with m-TOR inhibitors (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus).
  3. Patients who have had major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of the start of study drugs, patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia), or patients that may require major surgery during the course of the study.
  4. Minor surgical procedures (with the exception of the placement of portacath or other central venous access) must be completed at least 7 days prior to beginning protocol treatment.
  5. Women who are pregnant or lactating.
  6. Patients with proteinuria at screening as demonstrated by either:

    urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio 1.0 at screening OR urine dipstick for proteinuria 2+ (patients discovered to have 2+ proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline should undergo a 24-hour urine collection, and must demonstrate 1 g of protein/24 hours to be eligible)

  7. Patients with a serious non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture.
  8. Patients with evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
  9. Patients with history of hematemesis or hemoptysis (defined as having bright red blood of ½ teaspoon or more per episode) within 1 month prior to study enrollment.
  10. History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of beginning treatment.
  11. Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg while on antihypertensive medications).
  12. New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF).
  13. Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
  14. Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair, or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1 of treatment.
  15. History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to beginning treatment.
  16. Any prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
  17. History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to Day 1 of beginning treatment.
  18. Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of everolimus (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection).
  19. Any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect participation in the study such as:

    • unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic CHF, myocardial infarction within 6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
    • severely impaired lung function
    • uncontrolled diabetes as defined by fasting serum glucose >1.5 x ULN
    • active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections
    • liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis.
  20. Known hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycins (sirolimus, temsirolimus), or to its excipients.
  21. Immunization with attenuated live vaccines within 1 week of the study, or anytime during study treatment.
  22. Chronic, systemic treatment with immunosuppressive agents. Patients who require a stable dose of corticosteroids for control of cerebral edema are eligible. Topical or inhaled steroids are also allowed.
  23. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  24. Grapefruits, star fruits, seville oranges, and their juices and products, should be avoided.
  25. Drugs or substances known to be inhibitors or inducers of the isoenzyme CYP3A4 should be avoided.
  26. Use of St. John's Wort or rifampicin.
  27. Concurrent severe, intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  28. Mental condition that would prevent patient comprehension of the nature of, and risk associated with, the study.
  29. Use of any non-approved or investigational agent within 4 weeks of study entry. Patients may not receive any other investigational or anti-cancer treatments while participating in this study.
  30. Other malignancies within the last 3 years, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00972335

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United States, Florida
Florida Hospital Cancer Insitute
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32804
United States, Kentucky
Norton Cancer Institute
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40207
United States, Nebraska
Nebraska Methodist Cancer Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68114
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
United States, Tennessee
UT Cancer Insititute Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38104
Tennessee Oncology, PLLC
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37023
United States, Virginia
Peninsula Cancer Institute
Newport News, Virginia, United States, 23601
Sponsors and Collaborators
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
Genentech, Inc.
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Study Chair: John D Hainsworth, M.D. SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
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Responsible Party: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC Identifier: NCT00972335    
Other Study ID Numbers: SCRI CNS 12
First Posted: September 4, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 4, 2015
Last Update Posted: June 4, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015
Keywords provided by SCRI Development Innovations, LLC:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Meningeal Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors