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Atomoxetine/Attention Deficit/ Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)/Substance Use Disorder (SUD)in a Residential Treatment Facility

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00953862
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 6, 2009
Results First Posted : March 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2016
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:
Although Attention Deficit/ Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbidity in individuals diagnosed with Substance Use Disorder (SUD), little data currently exists on the utility of screening tools in large samples of adult patients with SUD in inpatient treatment. This was a 10-week, 2-phase, open label trial of atomoxetine for ADHD in adult patients being treated for a co-morbid SUD in a residential treatment facility (RTF). The primary objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of atomoxetine in adults with an SUD and ADHD. Secondary objects included assessment of the co-morbidity of ADHD and the safety and tolerability of atomoxetine in this population.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Drug: Atomoxetine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Phase 1: Patients with SUD who were either newly admitted (abstinent for <1 week) or in treatment in the RTF (abstinent <3 months) were administered the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale Symptom Checklist (ASRS) v. 1.1 Screener. Patients who screened positive(>= 4 out 6 significant items) were then administered the Adult Clinician Diagnostic Scale (ACDS) v.1.2 to establish a diagnosis of ADHD and the Predictive Value Positive (PVP) in this population.

Phase II (Treatment): Participants who screened positive for ADHD on the ACDS were given informed consent and baseline evaluations for inclusion. Those meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria were treated with atomoxetine starting at 25 mg/day. The dose was adjusted based on clinical response and tolerability over a 4-week period up to 120 mg/day and held constant for the final six weeks of the trial.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Atomoxetine in Adults With ADHD and Substance Abuse Disorder Being Treated in a Residential Treatment Facility
Study Start Date : July 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Atomoxetine Treatment Arm
Patients who were identified as having adult ADHD on the ACDS were offered an open label treatment trial with atomoxetine, up to 120 mg/day over 10 weeks. Atomoxetine was titrated over a period of four weeks based upon clinical response and observed side-effects. All patients receiving atomoxetine gave written informed consent prior to participation and were assessed for ADHD symptoms via the Adult Investigator Adult ADHD Symptom Rating Scale (AISRS) every 1-2 weeks. All patients received a physical exam, review of systems and routine blood work prior to treatment. Data were analyzed for patients completing at least 2 weeks of atomoxetine therapy. Treatment response was pre-hoc defined as having a >=30% reduction in total AISRS scores from baseline.
Drug: Atomoxetine
In Phase II, atomoxetine was dispensed beginning at 25 mg/day. Dose was adjusted based on clinical response and tolerability over a 4-week period up to 120mg/day and held constant at the optimized level for the final 6 weeks of the trial.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 10 of treatment ]
    The AISRS (Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale) consists 18-items that directly correspond to the 18 DSM-IV symptoms of ADHD. Each item is scored on a 4-point scale (0 = none; 1 = mild; 2 = moderate; and 3 = severe, higher score is more impaired). The total summed score was at minimum 0 and at maximum 54 (the higher the score the more severe the symptomatology).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Adult ADHD Symptom Rating Scale v1.1 Symptom Checklist Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 10 of treatment ]
    The ASRS (Adult ADHD Symptom Rating Scale) v1.1 Symptom Checklist is an 18-item scale developed by the workgroup on Adult ADHD for the World Health Organization designed to assess the frequency of ADHD symptoms on a 0-4 scale (0 = never, 1 = rarely, 2 = sometimes, 3= often, and 4 = very often, minimum total summed score of 0 and maximum total summed score of 72, higher score is more impairment).

  2. Change in Clinical Global Impression-- Severity of Illness Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 10 of treatment ]
    The CGI-S (Clinical Global Impression-- Severity of Illness) scale is a single-item rating scale of the clinician's assessment of the global severity of ADHD symptoms in relation to the clinician's total experience with ADHD patients. Severity is rated on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (normal, not at all ill) to 7 (among the most extremely ill).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Are between the ages of 18-60, inclusive.
  2. Meet diagnostic criteria for substance dependence.
  3. Meet Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) criteria for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder as assessed by the Adult ADHD Clinician Diagnostic Scale (ACDS).
  4. Must be able to communicate effectively with the investigator and study staff.
  5. Must be able to swallow capsules.
  6. Reside at Odyssey House for duration of study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Lifetime or present history of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Assessment will be made by comprehensive psychiatric diagnostic interview.
  2. Have organic brain disease (such as dementia) or traumatic brain injury residua. Have a history of seizure disorder (other than febrile seizures) or patients who have taken (or are currently taking) anticonvulsants for seizure control.
  3. Females who are currently pregnant or breast feeding, and women of child-bearing potential who are not currently using an adequate form of birth control.
  4. Medical conditions limiting participation in the study.
  5. Patients who are at serious suicidal or homicidal risk.
  6. Have significant prior or current medical conditions that could be exacerbated or compromised by atomoxetine.
  7. Who have glaucoma.
  8. Have a history of difficulty starting a stream of urine or other symptoms suggestive of prostate enlargement.
  9. Who anticipate moving or traveling extensively during the study period.
  10. Have a medical condition that would, in the opinion of the study physician, make participation medically hazardous.
  11. Be anyone who in the opinion of the investigator would not be expected to complete the study protocol due to probable incarceration or relocation from the clinic area.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00953862

Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
Eli Lilly and Company
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Principal Investigator: Lenard Adler, MD NYU School of Medicine

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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health Identifier: NCT00953862    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB#12233
First Posted: August 6, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 28, 2016
Last Update Posted: March 28, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Keywords provided by NYU Langone Health:
Substance Use Disorder
Residential Treatment Facility
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Pathologic Processes
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Atomoxetine Hydrochloride
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs