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S0910 Epratuzumab, Cytarabine, and Clofarabine in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00945815
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 24, 2009
Results First Posted : January 3, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as epratuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine and clofarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving epratuzumab together with cytarabine and clofarabine may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving epratuzumab together with cytarabine and clofarabine works in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: epratuzumab Drug: clofarabine Drug: cytarabine Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • To test whether the complete remission (CR) rate (CR and incomplete CR) in adult patients with relapsed or refractory precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is sufficiently high after treatment with cytarabine, clofarabine, and epratuzumab to warrant further investigation.
  • To estimate the frequency and severity of toxicities associated with the dosing schedule of cytarabine, clofarabine, and epratuzumab used in this study.
  • To investigate, preliminarily, the effect of laboratory correlates (minimal post-treatment residual disease) and cytogenetic factors on prognosis in this patient population. (Not reported here due to limited MRD data)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive cytarabine IV over 2 hours on days 1-5, clofarabine IV over 1 hour on days 2-6, and epratuzumab IV over at least 1 hour on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity*.

NOTE: * Prophylactic intrathecal methotrexate is required for patients < 22 years of age, and is recommended (but not required) for patients ≥ 22 years of age.

Blood samples, bone marrow samples, and/or tumor tissue samples may be collected for further laboratory analysis.

Patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, then annually for 3 years (until 5 years after registration).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: S0910, A Phase II Study of Epratuzumab (NSC-716711) in Combination With Cytarabine and Clofarabine for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Ph- Negative Precursor B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Study Start Date : September 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: treatment
AraC 1 g/m2/d IV Days 1-5 clofarabine 40 mg/m2/d IV Days 2-6 epratuzumab 360 mg/m2/d IV Days 7, 14, 21, 28 acetaminophen 650 mg/d PO Days 7, 14, 21, 28 diphenhydramine 50 mg/d IV Days 7, 14, 21, 28 IT methotrexate 12 mg IT at least 1 wk apart during induction All give 1 cycle
Biological: epratuzumab
Drug: clofarabine
Drug: cytarabine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Remission [ Time Frame: After induction therapy was completed (1 or 2 months) ]
    Complete remission (CR) is defined as: <5% marrow aspirate blasts. Blasts can be >=5% if the blasts are found to be myeloid and there is no evidence of lymphoblasts by flow cytometry or immunostaining. Neutrophils >= 1000/mcl; platelets >100,000/mcl; and no blasts in the peripheral blood. C1 Extramedullary disease status as defined in the protocol. Complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery (CRi) is same as CR but platelet count may be <=100,000/mcl and/or ANC may be <1,000/mcl.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Grade 3 Through 5 Treatment-Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Only adverse events that are possibly, probably or definitely related to study drug are reported. Any CTCAE 4.0 event of Grade 3 (severe), Grade 4 (life threatening), or Grade 5 (fatal) which were deemed to be related to protocol treatment are included.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 120 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Morphologically confirmed precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (non T-cell)

    • Must have evidence of disease in bone marrow or peripheral blood

      • Immunophenotyping of the blood or marrow lymphoblasts must be performed to determine lineage (B cell, T cell, or mixed B/T cell)
      • Must have ≥ 5% lymphoblasts present in the blood or bone marrow
      • At least 20% of marrow and/or peripheral blood lymphoblasts must be CD22+ by flow cytometry

        • Co-expression of myeloid antigens (CD13 and CD33) allowed
      • Patients with only extramedullary disease in the absence of bone marrow or blood involvement are not eligible
  • Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-negative disease

    • Patients with unknown Ph status by cytogenetics or FISH and unknown BCR/ABL status by PCR are eligible for study registration, but must be removed from study therapy if found to be Ph+ or BCR/ABL+ after study registration
  • Refractory to a standard induction regimen that included vincristine and prednisone or high-dose cytarabine or mitoxantrone OR relapsed after successful prior induction therapy

    • Any number of prior induction therapies or any number of remissions achieved are allowed
  • No M0 acute myeloid leukemia, mixed lineage leukemia, or L3 (Burkitt) leukemia
  • No active CNS involvement by clinical evaluation

    • Patients with a documented history of CNS involvement of ALL or with clinical signs or symptoms consistent with CNS involvement of ALL must undergo a lumbar puncture that is negative for CNS involvement of ALL
  • Patients < 22 years of age must be willing to receive prophylactic intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Must be registered on SWOG-9007 "Cytogenetic Studies in Leukemia Patients" (closed as of 07/01/2010)


  • Zubrod performance status 0-2
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.0 mg/dL OR glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for ≥ 6 months after completion of study treatment
  • HIV-positive patients are eligible (at the discretion of the investigator) provided the following criteria are met:

    • No history of AIDS-defining conditions
    • CD4 cell count > 350/mm³
    • If on antiretroviral agents, must not include zidovudine or stavudine
    • Willing to receive prophylaxis for pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia during study therapy (regardless of CD4 cell count) until the CD4 cell count is > 200/mm³ after completion of study treatment
  • Prior malignancy (other than ALL) allowed provided it is in remission and there are no plans to treat the malignancy at the time of study registration
  • No uncontrolled systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection, defined as exhibiting ongoing signs or symptoms related to the infection with no improvement despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment
  • No neuropathy (cranial, motor or sensory) ≥ grade 2


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Any number of prior therapies allowed
  • More than 90 days since prior allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT)

    • No concurrent immunosuppression therapy for the treatment of graft-vs-host disease (GVHD)
    • No acute GVHD ≥ grade 2, moderate or severe limited chronic GVHD, or extensive chronic GVHD of any severity
  • Prior autologous BMT allowed

    • No concurrent immunosuppression therapy for the treatment of GVHD
  • More than 14 days since prior chemotherapy, investigational agents, or major surgery and recovered

    • Maintenance therapy with steroids, vincristine, and/or anti-metabolite agents, including but not limited to, mercaptopurine, thioguanine, and methotrexate allowed
    • Concurrent hydroxyurea to reduce WBC to a reasonable level (as deemed by the treating physician) allowed
  • No prior clofarabine or epratuzumab
  • No other concurrent cytotoxic therapy or investigational therapy
  • No concurrent alternative medications (e.g., herbal or botanical medications for anticancer purposes)
  • Concurrent participation on SWOG-S9910 "Leukemia Centralized Reference Laboratories and Tissue Repositories, Ancillary" allowed (closed as of 07/01/2010)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00945815

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Anjali Advani, MD The Cleveland Clinic
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Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00945815    
Other Study ID Numbers: S0910
S0910 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 24, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 3, 2014
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
B-cell adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L1 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L2 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological