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Preventing Recurrent Vascular Events in Patients With Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (PREVENTION)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00931788
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 2, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2018
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alberta

Brief Summary:

People who have had a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA or "mini-stroke") are at high risk of having another stroke or a heart attack. Conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol, along with other lifestyle behaviors (e.g., smoking), substantially increase the risk of stroke and heart disease. Aggressive treatment of these risk factors however, can significantly reduce the chance of another stroke, heart attack or death.

This study will look at different ways to optimize blood pressure and cholesterol levels and educate people about positive lifestyle changes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ischemic Stroke Transient Ischemic Attacks Drug: Antihypertensive agents and lipid lowering therapy Other: Usual Care Phase 4

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that a number of conditions increase the risk of stroke and other vascular diseases and there is compelling evidence from large randomized trials that treatment of these risk factors, especially hypertension and high cholesterol, can significantly lower future cardiovascular risk. Survivors of TIA or stroke are at high risk for recurrent stroke, MI, or death (22% at one year) and aggressive treatment of vascular risk factors can reduce the risk of recurrence by over 25%. However, vascular risk factors, especially hypertension and high cholesterol, are not managed optimally in patients after a TIA or stroke, even in those patients seen in specialized Stroke Prevention Clinics (SPCs). This gap between the evidence for secondary prevention of stroke and the clinical reality leads to sub-optimal patient outcomes. There is limited data on interventions proven to improve outcomes in patients with stroke or TIA.

To improve the quality of care for any condition or patient population, one needs to address structure, process, and outcomes. In this study, we will be creating and testing a new structure for delivery of stroke prevention services - we anticipate this new structure will improve processes of care which in turn should lead to improved outcomes.


Compared with usual care, we hypothesize that a pharmacist case manager intervention will improve blood pressure and serum lipid levels (by employing standardized treatment protocols to guideline-recommended targets), the management of other risk factors,enhance medication adherence, and increase health-related quality of life.


A prospective, randomized, controlled open-label with blinded ascertainment of outcomes (PROBE) trial. Patients with a recent stroke or TIA evaluated in any of the 3 stroke prevention clinics (SPC) in Edmonton, Canada,will be randomized to usual care or the "pharmacist case manager intervention".

Usual care patients will will receive the same educational materials about stroke risk factors and medication adherence as the "intervention" patients, will be seen monthly by a study nurse, will have the same number of BP measurements as "intervention" patients, and will have a fax sent to their family physician after each study visit reporting their BP.

Over and above usual care, the intervention group will include intensive pharmacist case-management over 6 months consisting of the following:

  • monthly follow-up visits with focus on vascular protection; these clinic visits will be run parallel to, but independent of, any follow-up at the SPC and will include provision to each patient of their individual cardiovascular disease risk profile using the the CV Health Manager software.
  • Initiation, monitoring and titration of medications related to blood pressure and dyslipidemia, using Canadian national guideline-recommended treatment targets.
  • Medication adherence management on an ongoing basis, including access to Dosettes®, blister packs, and reminder tools as deemed necessary.
  • Independent capacity to refer to allied health services (including dieticians and weight loss services, diabetes education centres, and smoking cessation counselors).
  • Regular feedback to the primary care physician and the stroke specialist of record, regarding all stroke prevention related activities.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 279 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Preventing Recurrent Vascular Events and Neurological Worsening Through Intensive Organized Case-Management (PREVENTION) Trial
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intensive pharmacist case management Drug: Antihypertensive agents and lipid lowering therapy
The above agents will be initiated/titrated in accordance to guidelines approved by Canadian Hypertension Education Program and the Canadian Best Practice Recommendations for Stroke Care

Active Comparator: Usual care Other: Usual Care
Monthly education and reinforcement of risk factor modification, and blood pressure measurement.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of subjects who attain "optimal BP and lipid control" (defined as systolic BP < 140 mm Hg AND fasting LDL cholesterol < 2.0 mmol/L) compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in systolic blood pressure (in mm Hg) and in LDL cholesterol (in mmol/L). Multiple other secondary outcomes as detailed in full protocol. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A stroke specialist-determined ischemic stroke or TIA within the past year (including ocular strokes/TIA such as amaurosis fugax).
  • Presence of systemic hypertension (average systolic blood pressure over two visits - i.e., SPC visit and study screening visit- exceeding 140 mmHg) OR fasting LDL cholesterol exceeding 2.0 mmol/L OR total: HDL cholesterol ratio exceeding 4.0 at SPC visit.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Neurological event considered to be due to intracranial hemorrhage (e.g., ICH, SAH), or trauma induced, or related to structural heart disease such as ASD/VSD or endocarditis.
  • Foreshortened life-expectancy (e.g., active malignancy), hypertensive crisis (clinic systolic BP > 200 mm Hg), or severe comorbidities.
  • Institutionalized in a long-term care facility.
  • Cognitive impairment (defined as a score of > 5 on the Short Portable Mental Status questionnaire).
  • Already on maximal therapy for risk factors (on 3 antihypertensive drugs at maximal dose if hypertension is inclusion criterion or on maximal dose statin if hyperlipidemia is inclusion criterion).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00931788

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Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta Hospital
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2B7
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alberta
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research
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Principal Investigator: Finlay A McAlister, MD, MSc Department of Medicine, University of Alberta
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: University of Alberta Identifier: NCT00931788    
Other Study ID Numbers: EPICORE 2009-003
First Posted: July 2, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2018
Last Verified: April 2015
Keywords provided by University of Alberta:
Management of hypertension and cholesterol
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ischemic Attack, Transient
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Brain Ischemia
Antihypertensive Agents