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A Study Evaluating Ultratrace Iobenguane I131 in Patients With Malignant Relapsed/Refractory Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00874614
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2020 by Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc..
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 2, 2009
Results First Posted : October 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:

This clinical trial is designed to evaluate the effectiveness and collect additional safety information on AZEDRA® (iobenguane I 131) for the treatment of metastatic or relapsed/refractory (to other treatment) or unresectable pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma.

The purpose of this trial is to test the use of AZEDRA® as a treatment for pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma, a rare disease. This Phase II study will help determine primarily if using the drug reduces the amount of blood pressure medication being taken as a result of the cancer and secondarily to determine such things as the effectiveness of the study drug in treating the cancer, additional safety measures, and to assess if the drug helps the quality of life and use of pain medication. All subjects will receive an imaging dose with scans followed by two therapeutic doses given approximately 3 months apart.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pheochromocytoma Paraganglioma Radiation: Ultratrace® Iobenguane I131 Phase 2

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study has been approved for sale to the public.   More info ...

Detailed Description:

AZEDRA® (Iobenguane I 131) is a very high-specific-activity iobenguane I 131, produced using proprietary Ultratrace® platform. Based on the well-characterized cellular active transport mechanism, the high specific activity of allows for effective cellular uptake of radioactivity and hence greater tumor uptake.

During this study the subjects will receive two (2) Therapy Doses that are given approximately three (3) months apart. Prior to administration of the first Therapy Dose, subjects will be given an Imaging Dose of AZEDRA® and will undergo iobenguane I 131 scans to evaluate tumor uptake and to measure normal organ distribution and allow for the calculation of radiation dose to normal organs.

Screening procedures for eligibility will need to be done before imaging or therapeutic doses of AZEDRA® are administered.

Hospitalization is required for approximately one (1) week after each of the two (2) Therapeutic Doses. Frequent follow up is necessary for the first year and some of the follow up visits may be done by a visiting health care professional in the subjects' homes. Subjects will be followed in the treatment study for one (1) year and for an additional four (4) years in long-term follow up.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Ultratrace Iobenguane I 131 in Patients With Malignant Relapsed/Refractory Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma
Actual Study Start Date : June 4, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 14, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ultratrace® Iobenguane I 131 Treatment Radiation: Ultratrace® Iobenguane I131
Each subject will be administered 3 mCi to 6 mCi Ultratrace® Iobenguane I 131, referred to as the Imaging Dose, to confirm that subject meets radiological entry criteria and to establish dosimetry. All subjects meeting entry criteria will then receive the investigational product referred to as the Therapeutic Dose (500 mCi or 8 mCi/kg if the subject weighs 62.5 kg or less) of Ultratrace Iobenguane I 131, followed by imaging at 7 days post infusion or upon discharge from isolation. The Therapeutic Doses will be adjusted equally if warranted by results of the dosimetry evaluation. At least 3 months later, subjects will receive the second Therapeutic Dose.
Other Names:
  • Azedra®
  • MIBG

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients Who Experienced a 50% or Greater Reduction (Including Discontinuation) of All Antihypertensive Medication(s) Lasting for at Least Six Months. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best Confirmed Overall Tumor Response of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) by RECIST 1.0. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.0 was assessed by two independent central reviewers and one adjudicator, and overall response (PR or CR) was confirmed by follow-up imaging at the subsequent timepoint. Complete response was defined as confirmed disappearance of all target lesions and Partial Response was defined as confirmed decreased of >= 30% in baseline sum of the longest diameter of target lesions.

  2. Changes From Baseline in Overall Quality of Life (QoL) - Best Response Within 12 Months After First Therapeutic Dose of AZEDRA®. [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) C30 v.3 was used to evaluate QoL. This questionnaire was comprised of 30 questions, two of which pertain to a patient's Global Health Status and QoL. The two questions used a 7-point Likert scale of 1 (very poor) to 7 (excellent), in which the scores were averaged and linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale with higher scores indicating better health status and QoL. The questionnaire was administered at baseline and through 12 months after the first therapeutic dose of AZEDRA®. The results of QoL and changes from baseline were summarized by visit and the best response within 12 months after first therapeutic dose of AZEDRA® was reported. The outcome represents the mean change from baseline in overall QoL based on the best response reported within 12 months after first therapeutic dose of AZEDRA®.

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 Years (60 months) ]
    Duration of overall survival was calculated from the date of first therapeutic dose of AZEDRA® to death, or at the last date the patient was known to be alive. Results are presented per December 2017 data-cut. Survival was censored at the end of the 5-year long-term follow-up period, thus the upper limit of the confidence interval reported below for two therapeutic doses is actually >60 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be at least 12 years of age
  • Have a documented (medical record) diagnosis of either pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma
  • Be ineligible for curative surgery for pheochromocytoma
  • Have failed a prior therapy for pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma or are not candidates for chemotherapy or other curative therapies
  • Be on stable antihypertensive medication for pheochromocytoma-related hypertension for at least 30 days
  • Have at least one tumor site by CT or MR or iobenguane I 131 scan
  • Have an expected survival of at least 6 months
  • Subjects must agree to use an acceptable form of birth control (abstinence, IUD, oral contraception, barrier and spermicide or hormonal implant) during this study and for 6 months following Therapeutic Doses of Ultratrace Iobenguane I 131.
  • Male subjects must agree not to father a child during the period beginning immediately after administration of the first Therapeutic Dose of Ultratrace Iobenguane I 131 during the study and ending six months after administration of the last Therapeutic Dose of Ultratrace Iobenguane I 131.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be excluded if any of the following conditions are observed:

  • <50% of FDG (if data are available) positive lesions are MIBG avid
  • Pregnant or nursing females
  • Active CNS lesions by CT/MR scanning within 3 months of study entry
  • New York Heart Association class IV heart failure, symptomatic congestive heart failure [New York Heart Association class IV with another medical disorder], unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia
  • Received any previous systemic radiotherapy resulting in marrow toxicity within 3 months of study entry or have active malignancy (other than pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma) requiring additional treatment during the active phase or follow up period of the Ultratrace® iobenguane I 131 trial.
  • Administered prior whole-body radiation therapy
  • Received external beam radiotherapy to > 25% of bone marrow
  • Administered prior chemotherapy within 30 days or have active malignancy (other than pheochromocytoma/ paraganglioma) requiring additional treatment during the active phase or follow up period of the Ultratrace iobenguane I 131 trial.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status is < 60
  • Platelets < 80,000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1,200/μL, Total bilirubin > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal, AST/SGOT or ALT/SGPT > 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Diagnosed with AIDS or HIV-positive
  • Active chronic alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease or hepatitis
  • Renal dysfunction/impairment
  • Known allergy to iobenguane that has required medical intervention
  • Received a therapeutic investigational compound and/or medical device/prior chemotherapy within 30 days before admission into this study
  • Receiving a medication which inhibits tumor uptake of iobenguane I 131
  • Any medical condition or other circumstances (i.e., uncontrolled current illness including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with the study requirements.
  • Any other condition, that in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the safety or compliance of the subject or would preclude the subject from successful completion of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00874614

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United States, California
University of California-San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Florida
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine, Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Bennett Chin, MD Duke University
Principal Investigator: Daniel Pryma, MD University of Pennsylvania
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Olsen, MD Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology Washington University
Principal Investigator: Camillo Jimenez, MD MD Anderson Cancer
Principal Investigator: Joseph Dillon, MD University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Lilja Solnes, MD Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Lale Kostakoglu, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Principal Investigator: Michael H Pampaloni, MD University of California at San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 21, 2014
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 6, 2017

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Responsible Party: Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00874614    
Other Study ID Numbers: MIP-IB12B
First Posted: April 2, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 5, 2018
Last Update Posted: February 20, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Molecular Insight Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
neuroendocrine tumors
Iobenguane I 131
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action