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Stem Cell Therapy in Patients With Severe Heart Failure & Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement (ASSURANCE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00869024
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 25, 2009
Results First Posted : March 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine if the delivery of cells just after implantation of left ventricular assist device will help to improve the pumping function of your heart and minimize heart enlargement in the future.

The cells will be obtained by aspiration or withdrawal of fluid from your bone marrow from your pelvic bone using a needle and syringe. This would not take place until 24-48 hours prior to your planned left ventricular assist device implantation. During the surgery the surgeons will inject the prepared cells that were taken from your bone marrow and inject it into your heart muscle.

This study will test whether receiving your own bone marrow cells directly into your heart will help your heart to recover function after placement of a left ventricular assist device.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Biological: Intramyocardial Delivery of Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria and agree to participate will be enrolled in the study. All the patients will have a baseline EKG, Laboratory tests, 2D ECHO and PET/CT imaging.Day prior to the LVAD implantation all the patients will undergo bone marrow aspiration. Bone marrow aspirate will be processed according to the protocols used by that facility. After processing, the bone marrow mononuclear cells will then be suspended in 2ml of 5% human serum albumin and labeled per the standard protocol of the facility.

Patients will be randomized in a 2:1 fashion either to receive cells or 5% serum albumin. Under general anesthesia using the standard techniques the HeartMate II (LVAD) will be placed. The LVAD will be inserted into the LV apex (with removal of 2 x 2 cm ventricular core). The tissue core will be processed for RNA isolation and morphological analysis. CV surgeon will inject either the cells or placebo directly in to the myocardium in the LAD territory. Ten separate injections will be delivered into the LV free wall (20 X 106 cells / 400 micro lit). The injection sites will be marked with Titanium surgical clips. Subjects will be managed at all times by the current standard of care in this hospital for the patients with an LVAD. Routine postoperative care procedures will be followed with close follow-up for dysrrhythmias or signs of infection.

Tissue sample from the core of the left ventricular apex removed at the time of implantation of LVAD will be compared with the myocardium (marked with the surgical clips) from the explanted heart at the time of transplantation. These samples from the experimental subjects and control hearts will be examined for morphology for interstitial fibrosis, hypertrophy, myocyte diameter and myocytolysis as well as for gene expression using RT-PCR.

Research-related follow-up will take place at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8 and months 6, 12, 18 and 24 after LVAD implant at the Clinical Trial Center of the Cardiology Division at the University of Minnesota. Patients will be examined by the PI or Sub-I at each visit. Follow up data to be obtained at these clinic visits is outlined in the protocol

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: AsseSsment of Efficacy, Safety and Utility of intRa myocardiAl iNjection of Stem Cells in Patients With End Stage Heart Failure Undergoing LVAD Implantation (ASSURANCE)
Actual Study Start Date : November 10, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 29, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : March 29, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stem Cell therapy
Intramyocardial Delivery of Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells in Patients with Severe LV Dysfunction and LVAD Support
Biological: Intramyocardial Delivery of Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells
Ten separate injections will be delivered into the LV free wall (20 X 106 cells / 400 micro lit).

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Intramyocardial Delivery Placebo solution into Patients with Severe LV Dysfunction and LVAD Support
Biological: Intramyocardial Delivery of Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells
Ten separate injections will be delivered into the LV free wall (20 X 106 cells / 400 micro lit).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of Cell Delivery [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Safety as measured by the total number of adverse events per group.

  2. Improvement in Myocardial Viability by PET/CT Scan [ Time Frame: baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Change in LAD segments from baseline to 10 weeks. PET scan viability is reported by segment on a scale of 0-4. A score of 0, 1, or 2 are categorized as viable/healthy heart tissue and a score of 3 or 4 are categorized as not viable/scar tissue. No change or better in viability will be reported to determine safety of cell injection. Measurement is reported as number of segment that remained the same or improved were considered "safe" for stem cell injection.

  3. Combined End Points of Death [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Number of participants who expired during the study.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Turned Down Without Meeting LVAD Stopping Rules [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]

    LVAD turn-down was completed at 10 weeks. Hemodynamic measurements were taken and reported with nominal LVAD support and then again at peak exercise. LVAD turn-down protocol was followed to ensure safety of patient while turning down their LVAD support. After each turn-down we waited 10 minutes and repeated ECHO, RHC, LVAD parameters, vital signs.

    Stopping parameters for turn down:

    1. Significant symptoms (clinician judgement, although low threshold to stop test)
    2. CVP>20 or increase by more than 10 (e.g., 5 to 16)
    3. PCWP>25 or increase by more than 10 (e.g., 11 to 22)
    4. Hypotension
    5. Increase in LVIDd by >1.5 cm
    6. Aortic valve opening minimally (less than 1 in 5 beats, e.g.)

    The number of patients that could be turn-down without meeting stopping rules and were able to exercise were reported per group.


  2. Change in Left Ventricular Dimensions [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Change in left ventricular dimensions assessed by ECHO at baseline compared to 10 weeks with LVAD turn-down to 6000 RPMs.

  3. Histological Assessment [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Data collection was insufficient for data analysis. Samples were collected but no histological analysis performed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe LV dysfunction with EF < 30% with cardiomyopathy ( Ischemic and non ischemic)
  2. NYHA Class III and IV
  3. No revascularization options available
  4. LVAD placement as destination therapy or bridging to transplantation
  5. Age between 18-80 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of recent malignancy( less than one year) .
  2. Unstable hemodynamics at the time of the implant; defined by need for increasing vasopressor medication in the last 24 hours or blood pressure < 70 systolic, or cardiac index < 1.3 liters/min.
  3. Coronary anatomy suitable for revascularization at the time of surgery
  4. Pregnancy confirmed by positive urine test
  5. Lactating mothers
  6. Renal failure with serum creatinine >3.0, or are receiving chronic dialysis support.
  7. Inability to undergo PET/CT imaging.
  8. A history of any significant recent bleeding disorder or coagulation profile of concern for acute bleeding, such as INR >2.0 (not on anticoagulant), platelet count <100,000, or hemoglobin <8.0 gr/dl.
  9. Patients with known infectious disease (Hepatitis, HIV) etc.
  10. Patients with three times or more of the upper limits of normal enzymes.

    -


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00869024


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
University Of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ganesh Raveendran, MD University of Minnesota
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00869024    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1106M00401
First Posted: March 25, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 13, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by University of Minnesota:
Heart failure
Left ventricular assist device
Stem cells
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases