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The Effect of Oxygen on Healing an Artery From the "Injury" of Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00863603
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Clinical changes: graft to fistula first; enrollment of 46/132 planned. NIH approved animal model: supplemental oxygen/AV fistula.)
First Posted : March 18, 2009
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:

Many grafts placed for dialysis access fail which causes patients to undergo additional operations, decreases their quality of life, and increases health care costs. The purpose of this study is to see if dialysis access grafts will function longer for patients who receive additional oxygen by means of a nasal cannula for 42 days after placement of their graft.

Patients will have periodic blood tests to measure oxygen levels in their blood. A series of ultrasound examinations of patient's dialysis grafts will be taken to ensure the graft is open and to measure the cellular proliferation (intimal hyperplasia) for comparison in those receiving extra oxygen and those with no oxygen.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
End Stage Renal Disease Other: oxygen Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Vascular bypass grafting is a commonly performed procedure in vascular and cardiovascular surgery and the preferred bypass grafts are autogenous vein. Creation of a vascular anastomosis (AVA) is required at 2 sites (proximal and distal anastomoses) for every synthetic bypass graft. It is estimated that 50% of vascular bypass failures are due to anastomotic intimal hyperplasia (AIH). Intimal thickening of the artery wall is a normal response to healing at an anastomosis. Progression of intimal thickening leads to a pathological, hyperplastic, occlusive lesion - AIH, which in turn results in myocardial infarction, stroke, limb loss, death, graft failure, repeat operative procedures, and increased medical costs.

Our laboratory demonstrated in a rabbit model of AIH that: 1) there is a significant decrease in the delivery of oxygen to the peri-anastomotic artery wall following creation of a prosthetic vascular graft to artery anastomosis, 2) the oxygen gradient across the artery wall in the area of a prosthetic vascular graft anastomosis normalizes over a period of 6 weeks as healing occurs, 3) the gradient can be normalized immediately following an anastomosis by the administration of supplemental oxygen, and 4) the amount of AIH and smooth muscle cell proliferation can be reduced by immediately administering supplemental oxygen following creation of the anastomosis.

The long-range goal of our program is to understand the role of oxygen in blood vessel wall pathology. The specific objective of this project, which is the next step in the pursuit of our long-range program goal, is to determine if supplemental oxygen can inhibit AIH in a human graft model.

METHODS: Following review of inclusion and exclusion criteria suitable patients undergo surgical placement of a graft for hemodialysis. Following surgery, patients randomized to oxygen will breathe 5L supplemental oxygen during waking hours for 42 days. Periodic ultrasounds will be taken to assess graft function and patency and to measure intimal thickness. Patients will be followed for two years or until their graft fails.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Artery Wall Hypoxia and Intimal Hyperplasia
Study Start Date : January 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Oxygen Therapy

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: 1
No exposure to supplemental oxygen
Oxygen, treatment, supplement
6 weeks of supplemental oxygen delivered by nasal cannula post hemodialysis graft placement
Other: oxygen
5 Liter/minute by nasal cannula for 6 wks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The effect of supplemental oxygen on intimal thickness at the site of a hemodialysis access graft [ Time Frame: Assessing intimal thickness in the first 2 yrs after graft placement ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Compare graft patency in oxygen supplemented vs. non oxygen supplemented group [ Time Frame: Assessing graft patency in the first two years after graft placement ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18-80+/- referred and considered a candidate for a synthetic hemodialysis access graft.
  2. Baseline room air arterial blood concentration >70 and arterial carbon dioxide concentration 45 mmHg. Pulmonary function tests > 75% predicted values
  3. Currently undergoing dialysis
  4. No previous synthetic hemodialysis grafts placed in the same arm (fistula in ipsilateral arm permitted)
  5. Ability to use 5L/minute supplemental oxygen by nasal cannula
  6. Nonsmoker, able to avoid other situations which would constitute a risk for use of oxygen
  7. Medical condition with > 1 year life expectancy
  8. Currently on no medications which would interfere with wound healing (i.e. steroids, chemotherapeutic agents)
  9. Not pregnant nor planning to become pregnant during study period

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Failure to meet inclusion criteria
  2. Failure to comply with study protocol for 3 consecutive days during the 6 wk oxygen/non-oxygen supplement period immediately following graft placement
  3. Medical condition developing during study period causing a significantly worsening pulmonary function requiring supplemental oxygen for > 3 days
  4. Need to take medication during study period which would interfere with wound healing any time during the 6 week period immediately following graft placement or need to take chronic medications (> 6 weeks) during the remainder of the study period.
  5. Patient desire to withdraw
  6. Failure of evidence of adequate increase in arterial blood oxygen concentration (pa02 > 115 for oxygen supplemented and pa02 > 55 mmHg for control obtained from arterial access port during dialysis run
  7. Failure to use supplemental oxygen (if in supplemental oxygen group) at least 18 hours per day (as recorded in journal) -

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00863603

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United States, Minnesota
Abbott Northwestern Hospital
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55401
Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55417
University of Minnesota, Division of Vascular Surgery
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
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Principal Investigator: Steven M Santilli, MD, PhD, MBA University of Minnesota

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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT00863603    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0010M69621
R01HL076316 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 18, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 25, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by University of Minnesota:
Supplemental oxygen
Intimal hyperplasia
Graft patency
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Failure, Chronic
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency