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Randomized, Controlled Trial of S-adenosylmethionine in Alcoholic Liver Disease (RCT SAMe)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00851981
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 26, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2010
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by:
Loma Linda University

Brief Summary:
Background: Alcoholic liver disease is one of the most important causes of chronic liver disease in this country. There is currently no treatment for chronic alcoholic liver disease other than abstinence. Hepatic methionine metabolism is abnormal in these patients and one of the consequences is depletion of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) levels, which can affect numerous important cellular processes. SAMe has been increasingly utilized for the treatment of liver diseases although the protective mechanisms remain unclear. A recent randomized double-blind trial using SAMe in patients with alcoholic liver disease and found improvement in 2-year survival in those with less advanced liver disease. However, important changes in methionine metabolism and histological changes were not included in the study. Aim: The goal of this study is to determine the effect of SAMe administration on key metabolic abnormalities of the methionine cycle and on the recovery from alcoholic liver disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcoholic Hepatitis Other: Placebo Dietary Supplement: SAMe Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Methods: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty patients with stable alcoholic hepatitis (Maddrey Score < 32) without cirrhosis who meet entry criteria will receive either 400 mg of SAMe (n=15) or placebo (n=15) three times a day for the duration of one year. History, physical assessment, various blood tests and a liver biopsy will be performed prior to treatment. Patients will have repeat blood tests on subsequent follow-up visits every month for the first two months, then every two months thereafter. They will also be encouraged to abstain from alcohol during these visits. A post-treatment liver biopsy will be obtained at the end of the trial. The primary outcome parameters include serum homocysteine, SAMe and TNFalpha levels, and the expression of key hepatic enzymes of the methionine cycle and of hepatic SAMe and glutathione levels. Histological progression of alcoholic liver disease, clinical and biochemical indices of liver disease, and quality of life assessment will also be examined.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Oral S-Adenosylmethionine Administration on Abnormalities of Hepatic Methionine Metabolism and Disease Progression in Alcoholic Liver Disease. A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Trial
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Liver Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: 1 Other: Placebo

Active Comparator: SAMe Dietary Supplement: SAMe
300 mg TID

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in plasma homocysteine, hepatic GSH and SAMe levels and hepatic expression of TNF,MAT1A,MAT2A,MS,CBS and BHMT. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in routine liver pathology,c-myc expression and markers of apoptosis, stellate cell activation and hepatocyte proliferation. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be chronic alcohol users, defined by a history of ethanol consumption on average > 40g/day for women and 60g/day for men for at least 1 year before inclusion.
  • The presumptive diagnosis for alcoholic hepatitis will be: recent binge drinking; compatible physical findings (one or more: jaundice, enlarged liver, hepatic bruit, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea); and a compatible biochemical profile (moderate elevation of AST over ALT, elevated total serum bilirubin); or a liver-spleen colloid scan suggestive of reticulo-endothelial redistribution and hepatic arterialization.
  • The diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis must be confirmed on liver biopsy, showing typical features of acute sclerosing hyaline necrosis 70.
  • The degree of portal fibrosis as determined on liver biopsy, graded according to the Knodell score-modified by Ishak 71 must be less than or equal to 5 out of a possible score of 6, 6 indicating cirrhosis.
  • The alcoholic hepatitis must be "stable", i.e. not requiring treatment by either pentoxifylline 72 or prednisone, with a Maddrey Score 73 {(PTpatient - PTcontrol) x 4.6 + TBmg/dL} < 32.
  • Patients must be willing to participate in the trial, remain abstinent to alcohol, and compliant to the treatment regimen, and undergo a post-treatment liver biopsy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have either compensated cirrhosis (biopsy proven) or a clinical picture of severe cirrhosis defined as Child's class C and/or with a recent history (within one month) of decompensated liver disease (history of ascites, encephalopathy or variceal bleeding within one month of trial entry). These patients have reduced life expectancy below one year and are most often severely coagulopathic and cannot be biopsied.
  • Patients who have severe acute alcoholic hepatitis of poor prognosis defined as a Maddrey Score > 32. These patients have a mortality rate of 50% during their hospitalization period when untreated by either prednisone or pentoxifylline.
  • Patients who are receiving hepatotropic treatments such as colchicine, penicillamine, corticosteroids, ursodeoxycholic acid, and pentoxifylline.
  • Patients who are receiving known hepatotoxic long-term treatments such as NSAIDs, statins, neuroleptics, certain anti-convulsive medications, or high-dose acetaminophen.
  • Patients suspected of having hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • Patients who have contra-indications to liver biopsy.
  • Patients who have a liver biopsy that does not yield sufficient specimen for analyses.
  • Patients who have untreated deficiencies of folic acid, vitamin B6 or B12.
  • Patients who have chronic active Hepatitis B or C, hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, or a cholangiopathy.
  • Patients with psychotic disorders, and in particular manic depression (contra indication to SAMe treatment).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00851981

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United States, California
Loma Linda University
Loma Linda, California, United States, 92354
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loma Linda University
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Principal Investigator: Michel H Mendler, M.D. Loma Linda Univeristy

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Responsible Party: Michel H. Mendler, M.D. / PI, Loma Linda Univeristy Identifier: NCT00851981    
Other Study ID Numbers: 55302
1R21AA014269-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 26, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2010
Last Verified: September 2010
Keywords provided by Loma Linda University:
Alcohol Liver Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Diseases
Hepatitis, Alcoholic
Liver Diseases, Alcoholic
Digestive System Diseases
Alcohol-Induced Disorders
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders