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A Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Antiviral Activity of Multiple Doses of ABT-333 Alone and in Combination With Pegylated Interferon (pegIFN) and Ribavirin (RBV) in Subjects With Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00851890
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 26, 2009
Results First Posted : January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and antiviral activity of ABT-333 (also known as dasabuvir) in treatment-naïve, hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection Drug: ABT-333 Other: Placebo for ABT-333 Drug: Pegylated interferon Drug: Ribavirin Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was a Phase 2a, blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected adults with 2 planned sequential evaluations, Part 1 and Part 2. The study evaluated the safety, tolerability, antiviral activity, and pharmacokinetics of ABT-333 or placebo monotherapy, followed by 26 days of ABT-333 or placebo with pegylated interferon a-2a (pegIFN) and ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. Review of safety and efficacy in Part 1 of the study showed similar response rates across ABT-333 doses so Part 2 of the study was not performed. The study also assessed emergence of resistant HCV in conjunction with kinetics of viral load decay and rebound in treatment-naïve, HCV-infected participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Antiviral Activity of Multiple Doses of ABT-333 Alone and in Combination With Pegylated Interferon (pegIFN) and Ribavirin (RBV) in Subjects With Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection
Study Start Date : March 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ABT-333 (300 mg) twice daily (BID) + pegIFN/RBV
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive, treatment-naive participants received 300 mg ABT-333 BID for 2 days followed by 300 mg ABT-333 BID with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) for 26 days. Pegylated interferon was administered at 180 μg subcutaneously once a week and RBV was dosed 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day.
Drug: ABT-333
50 mg capsules
Other Name: dasabuvir

Drug: Pegylated interferon
Syringe, 180 µg/0.5 mL for subcutaneous injections administered weekly

Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg tablet dosed at 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day

Experimental: ABT-333 (600 mg) twice daily (BID) + pegIFN/RBV
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive, treatment-naive participants received 600 mg ABT-333 BID for 2 days followed by 600 mg ABT-333 BID with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) for 26 days. Pegylated interferon was administered at 180 μg subcutaneously once a week and RBV was dosed 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day.
Drug: ABT-333
50 mg capsules
Other Name: dasabuvir

Drug: Pegylated interferon
Syringe, 180 µg/0.5 mL for subcutaneous injections administered weekly

Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg tablet dosed at 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day

Experimental: ABT-333 (1200 mg) once daily (QD) + pegIFN/RBV
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive, treatment-naive participants received 1200 mg ABT-333 QD for 2 days followed by 1200 mg ABT-333 QD with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) for 26 days. Pegylated interferon was administered at 180 μg subcutaneously once a week and RBV was dosed 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day.
Drug: ABT-333
50 mg capsules
Other Name: dasabuvir

Drug: Pegylated interferon
Syringe, 180 µg/0.5 mL for subcutaneous injections administered weekly

Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg tablet dosed at 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day

Placebo Comparator: Placebo + pegIFN/RBV
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive, treatment-naïve participants received matching placebo once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) for 2 days followed by placebo QD or BID with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) for 26 days. Pegylated interferon was administered at 180 μg subcutaneously once a week and RBV was dosed 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day.
Other: Placebo for ABT-333
Capsule

Drug: Pegylated interferon
Syringe, 180 µg/0.5 mL for subcutaneous injections administered weekly

Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg tablet dosed at 1000 or 1200 mg daily divided twice a day




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Maximal Change From Baseline in Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels During ABT-333 Monotherapy Treatment [ Time Frame: Prior to the first dose on Day 1 to before first dose on Day 3 ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (reported as log10 IU/mL) were determined for each sample using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The baseline value was the HCV RNA measurement before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1. The maximal change during monotherapy was nadir minus the baseline log10 HCV RNA level. Nadir was defined as the lowest log10 HCV RNA level any time after the first dose of study drug on Day 1 through the last log10 HCV RNA level before the first dose of study drug on Day 3. Data are reported as the least squares mean change from nadir ± standard error.

  2. Mean Maximal Change From Baseline in Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels Through Day 28 [ Time Frame: Prior to the first dose on Day 1 through Day 28 ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (reported as log10 IU/mL) were determined for each sample using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The baseline value was the HCV RNA measurement before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1. The maximal change during treatment was nadir minus the baseline log10 HCV RNA level. Nadir was defined as the lowest log10 HCV RNA level any time after the first dose of study drug on Day 1 through the last log10 HCV RNA level on Day 28. Data are reported as the least squares mean change from nadir ± standard error.

  3. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of ABT-333 [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours post-dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2 ]
    Blood samples were collected pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours after the morning dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2. The samples were analyzed for the concentration of ABT-333 using validated analytical methods. The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax; measured in ng/mL) is the highest concentration that a drug achieves in the blood after administration in a dosing interval. The Cmax of ABT-333 was estimated using non-compartmental methods and data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation.

  4. Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of ABT-333 [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours post-dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2 ]
    Blood samples were collected pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours after the morning dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2. The samples were analyzed for the concentration of ABT-333 using validated analytical methods. The time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax; measured in hours) is the time it takes for a drug to achieve Cmax. The Tmax of ABT-333 was estimated using non-compartmental methods and data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation.

  5. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From 0 to 12 Hours Post-dose (AUC12) of ABT-333 [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours post-dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2 ]
    Blood samples were collected pre-dose (time 0 hours); 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 hours after the morning dose on Day 1; and pre-dose on Day 2. The samples were analyzed for the concentration of ABT-333 using validated analytical methods. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC; measured in ng*hr/mL) measures the total exposure of a drug in blood plasma. The AUC12 of ABT-333 was estimated using non-compartmental methods and data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation.

  6. Serum Concentrations of Pegylated Interferon (pegIFN) [ Time Frame: Prior to the morning dose on Day 3; 4 hours after the morning dose on Day 3; prior to the morning dose on Days 4 and 5; and single samples were collected on Days 10, 17, 24, and 28 ]
    Blood samples were collected prior to the morning dose on Day 3; 4 hours after the morning dose on Day 3; prior to the morning dose on Days 4 and 5; and single samples were collected on Days 10, 17, 24, and 28. The samples were analyzed for the concentration of pegIFN (measured in ng/mL) using validated analytical methods and estimated using non-compartmental methods. Data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation.

  7. Plasma Concentrations of Ribavirin (RBV) [ Time Frame: Prior to the morning dose on Day 3; 4 hours after the morning dose on Day 3; prior to the morning dose on Days 4 and 5; and single samples were collected on Days 10, 17, 24, and 28 ]
    Blood samples were collected prior to the morning dose on Day 3; 4 hours after the morning dose on Day 3; prior to the morning dose on Days 4 and 5; and single samples were collected on Days 10, 17, 24, and 28. The samples were analyzed for the concentration of RBV (measured in ng/mL) using validated analytical methods and estimated using non-compartmental methods. Data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation.

  8. Number of Participants Having Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: AEs were collected from the time of study drug administration to 30 days after last dose of study drug (8 Weeks) ]

    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence that did not have a causal relationship with treatment. An Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) was any noxious and undesired reaction related to the experimental drug or experiment. A serious adverse event (SAE) was an AE that resulted in death, was life-threatening, resulted in or prolonged hospitalization, resulted in congenital anomaly, was persistent or caused significant disability/incapacity, spontaneous or elective abortion, or required intervention to prevent a serious outcome. AEs were rated for severity as either:

    1. Mild - transient and easily tolerated;
    2. Moderate - caused discomfort and interrupted usual activities;
    3. Severe - caused considerable interference with usual activities, may be incapacitating or life-threatening.

    AEs related to direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) were assessed as being either probably or possibly related by the investigator.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels Through Day 28 or Final Visit [ Time Frame: Day 28 and Final Visit ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (reported as log10 IU/mL) were determined using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The baseline value was the HCV RNA measurement before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1 and the Day 28 or Final Visit value was the last HCV RNA measurement during the study. Data are reported as the least squares mean change from baseline ± standard error.

  2. Percentage of Participants With at Least a 2 log10 Maximal Decrease in Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels During ABT-333 Treatment [ Time Frame: Prior to the first dose on Day 1 and Day 28 ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (measured in IU/mL) were determined using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The baseline value was the HCV RNA measurement before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1. Data are reported as the percentage of participants.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels ≤ 25 IU/mL (the Lower Limit of Quantitation [LLOQ]) at Day 28 or Final Visit [ Time Frame: Day 28 or Final Visit ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (measured in IU/mL) were determined for each sample using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was defined as HCV RNA levels ≤ 25 IU/mL. Data are reported as the percentage of participants.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA) Levels ≤ 10 IU/mL (Lower Limit of Detection [LLOD]) at Day 28 or Final Visit [ Time Frame: Day 28 or Final Visit ]
    Serum hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) levels (measured in IU/mL) were determined for each sample using a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. The lower limit of detection (LLOD) was defined as a HCV RNA level equal to 10 IU/mL. Data are reported as the percentage of participants.

  5. Number of Participants With Resistance-Associated Variants in Non-structural Viral Protein 5B (NS5B) Through Day 28 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 5, 10, 17, 24 and 28 ]
    Samples from Days 1, 5, 10, 17, 24 and 28 were analyzed for the presence of resistance-associated amino acids using population sequencing and compared to the baseline non-structural viral protein 5B (NS5B) sequence to assess amino acid changes. The amino acid sequence of NS5B before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1 was defined as the baseline sequence. The number of participants with variants at resistance-associated amino acid positions in the post-baseline samples are presented.

  6. Number of Participants With Maximal Phenotypic Resistance to ABT-333 >10 Fold Relative to Baseline Through Day 28 [ Time Frame: Days 1 through 28 ]
    Phenotypic resistance to ABT-333 was assessed by calculating the fold difference in the half maximal effective concentration (EC50) compared with the EC50 for the corresponding baseline sample, and the maximal fold change in EC50 from baseline over the Day 5-28 period. The resistance sample drawn before the first dose of ABT-333 on Day 1 was defined as the baseline sample. The number of participants with phenotypic resistance in the post-baseline samples are presented.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has provided written consent.
  • If female, participant is postmenopausal or surgically sterile.
  • If male, must be practicing two effective methods of birth control.
  • Participant is hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 with HCV ribonucleic acid levels >50,000 IU/mL.
  • Participants must demonstrate chronic hepatitis C infection for at least 6 months prior to study enrollment.
  • Participants must have a liver biopsy with histology consistent with HCV-induced liver damage, and with no evidence of cirrhosis or liver pathology due to any cause other than chronic HCV.
  • Condition of general good health other then HCV infection.
  • Participants with a history of thyroid disease must have a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) value in the normal range.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No prior history of receiving therapy for HCV infection.
  • Positive test result for hepatitis A virus immunoglobulin M (HAV-IgM), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or human immunodeficiency virus antibody (HIV Ab).
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding females or male partners of women who are pregnant.
  • History of seizures or cancer.
  • History of major depressive disorder within 2 years.
  • Any current or past history of cirrhosis.
  • Any cause of liver disease other than chronic HCV infection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00851890


Locations
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United States, California
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16103
Anaheim, California, United States, 92801
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16124
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
United States, Florida
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16102
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32803
United States, Louisiana
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16105
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 70808
United States, North Carolina
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16106
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7584
United States, Texas
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16107
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75203
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16123
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78215
Puerto Rico
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 16182
Santurce, Puerto Rico, 00909
Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
Investigators
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Study Director: Daniel Cohen, MD AbbVie

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00851890     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M10-380
First Posted: February 26, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2018
Last Verified: December 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Communicable Diseases
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis
Hepatitis, Chronic
Virus Diseases
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Interferons
Ribavirin
Antiviral Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action