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Combination of Revlimid, Melphalan and Dexamethasone as First Line Treatment for Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00843310
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Due to slow accrual)
First Posted : February 13, 2009
Results First Posted : October 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 19, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:
This study is to determine whether addition of Revlimid to standard therapy will increase overall and complete response rates compared to historical standard frontline therapy and whether this combination treatment has fewer side effects than similar combination induction treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Lenalidomide (Revlimid) Drug: Melphalan Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Current multiple myeloma therapies, typically an induction regimen followed by consolidation therapy with high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell rescue (autologous transplantation), can induce remission but relapse and death are inevitable. A growing body of literature suggests that consolidation therapy with autologous transplantation does not confer additional survival benefit and may have increased procedure-related morbidity and mortality in patients over 65 years old. Autologous transplantation is no longer recommended as standard care for this population. In addition, certain patients may not be eligible for autologous transplantation due to co-morbid medical conditions or may elect not to undergo the procedure for personal reasons.

The historic standard of care for multiple myeloma patients who were not eligible for autologous transplantation for consolidation was induction therapy with melphalan/ prednisone (MP), often followed by some form of maintenance therapy after achievement of complete or partial remission. A recent phase 3 study showed that the addition of thalidomide to MP (MPT) demonstrated higher overall and complete response rates. For patients who are eligible for autologous transplantation, thalidomide/ dexamethasone (Thal Dex) induction therapy is considered the standard of care, but a phase 2 study of lenalidomide (Revlimid)/ dexamethasone (Rev Dex) induction therapy demonstrated higher overall and complete response rates compared to Thal Dex. In addition, lenalidomide has a favorable side effect profile compared to thalidomide. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the combination of Revlimid/ melphalan/ dexamethasone (ReMeDex) induction therapy for myeloma patients who are not planned for autologous transplantation due to age restriction or other factors may demonstrate higher overall and/ or complete response rates with fewer side effects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Revlimid (Lenalidomide), Melphalan, and Dexamethasone (ReMeDex) for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Patients Not Undergoing Autologous Transplantation
Study Start Date : November 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ReMeDex

Treatment phase (28 days/cycle x 6 cycles):

Lenalidomide: 10 mg/day orally on days 1-21, followed by 7 days of rest. Melphalan: 4 mg/m2 daily on days 1-4. Dexamethasone: 40 mg daily on days 1, 8, 15 and 22.

Maintenance Phase (for subjects who achieve partial response or better at the end of the treatment phase):

lenalidomide: 10 mg/day orally on days 1-21 followed by 7 days of rest (28 days/cycle) for a maximum of 24 cycles.

Drug: Lenalidomide (Revlimid)
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Melphalan
Drug: Dexamethasone

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity, Time to Progression & Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: every 28 days during therapy and every month after therapy for 2 years ]

    Toxicity will be scored using CTCAE version 3.0 for toxicity and adverse event reporting.

    Progressive Disease: requires any one or more of the following:

    1. Increase of ≥25% from baseline in Serum M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥0.5 g/dl)b
    2. Urine M-component and/or (the absolute increase must be ≥200 mg/24 h
    3. Only in patients without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels. The absolute increase must be >10 mg/dl.
    4. Bone marrow plasma cell percentage: the absolute % must be ≥10%c
    5. Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas
    6. Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5 mg/dl or 2.65 mmol/l) that can be attributed solely to the plasma cell proliferative disorder

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly Diagnosed multiple myeloma, ISS stage I-III requiring therapy: Serum M-protein ≥1 gm/dL (≥10 gm/L), Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 hr, Serum FLC assay: involved FLC ≥10 mg/dL (≥100 mg/L) provided serum FLC ratio is abnormal
  • Previously untreated except prior treatment with corticosteroid less than one full cycle of pulsed dose dexamethasone (40 mg daily days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20) or equivalent is allowed. Concomitant administration of IV bisphosphonates, Zometa (zoledronic acid, up to 4 mg IVSS over 30 minutes every four weeks) or Aredia (alendronate, up to 90 mg IVSS over 4 hours every four weeks), for prophylaxis against skeletal complications due to lytic bone disease or for acute management of hypercalcemia is allowed. Concomitant external beam radiation therapy for local management of lytic bone disease is allowed.
  • Age ≥ 18 years old
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status will be employed. ECOG 0-2 accepted.
  • WBC ≥ 3.0 X 103/ µL, ANC ≥ 1.5 X 103/ µl, Hgb ≥ 8.0 gm/ dL, Plt ≥ 75 X 103/ µl, Serum Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/ dL
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. See Appendix A: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods.
  • Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to ASA may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with Revlimid®, Thalomid (thalidomide), Velcade (bortezomib), Alkeran (melphalan) excluded. Prior therapy with corticosteroid allowed as defined in inclusion criteria.
  • No prior or concurrent treatment with an investigational agent.
  • Active Hepatitis B or C excluded, New York Heart Association grade III/IV congestive heart failure excluded, History of bleeding disorder excluded, History of platelet function disorder, History of deep vein thrombosis or other thromboembolic event excluded
  • Prior history of allergic reaction to IMiD™ compounds (Thalidomide, Lenalidomide) excluded.
  • Concomitant treatment with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)(with the exception of aspirin) or other nephrotoxic agents is excluded.
  • Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/ dL is excluded
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding excluded
  • Known HIV+ patients are excluded.
  • Other active hematologic or solid tumor or history of such disease requiring therapy of any form within five years of screening is excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00843310

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United States, New York
Bellevue Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10016
NYU Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
NYU Tisch Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
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Principal Investigator: Hearn J Cho, MD NYU Langone Health
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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health Identifier: NCT00843310    
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-919
Celgene # RV-MM-PI-289 ( Other Identifier: Celgene )
First Posted: February 13, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 18, 2013
Last Update Posted: July 19, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Keywords provided by NYU Langone Health:
multiple myeloma
frontline treatment
first-line treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors