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Cytokine Expression During Radiation for Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00836186
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 4, 2009
Results First Posted : October 8, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Breast Cancer Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:
To assess the magnitude and frequency of changes in chemo/cytokine expression in women receiving radiation treatment. To asses the impact of race/ethnicity on the magnitude and frequency of changes in chemo/cytokine expression during radiation therapy for breast cancer. And finally to assess the interaction between radiation-induced chemo/cytokine expression changes, and race/ethnicity, with respect to normal tissue reactions to radiation and tumor-associated outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Radiation: Radiation therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

It is well recognized that the diagnostic and therapeutic gains made in the management of breast cancer over the last 2 decades are not fully realized by all groups. African American women with breast cancer have greater risk of recurrence, shorter overall survival, shorter survival after relapse, worse toxicity and worse cosmetic outcome than their Caucasian counterparts. These differences in outcome persist even when controlling for age, and stage at presentation. Being similarly treated with modern breast conserving therapy (lumpectomy and adjuvant whole breast irradiation) at recognized centers of excellence does little to alleviate the disparities in outcomes. Controlling for socioeconomic factors decreases the severity of these disparities, but it does not completely explain them. Theories abound as to the cause of outcome inequality. Many of these theories take either a psychosocial, or biologic bent. One potential biologic cause may be chemokine and cytokine expression.

Chemokines and cytokines (chemo/cytokines) are proteins and peptides used for cell signaling. Primarily secreted by T cells and macrophages, they influence cellular activation, differentiation, and function and act as mediators for inflammatory and immune responses. There has been substantial research linking some of these chemo/cytokines [Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), interleukin (IL)-6,and IL-8] to tumor promotion and progression. For example, TNFα has been linked to greater cell survival despite genomic injury which in turn leads to greater genetic alterations and malignant transformation. TNFα has been associated with breast cancer progression and metastases. Blocking the receptor for PDGF appears to decrease the metastatic potential of breast cancer cell lines. TGFβ inhibits T cell and B cell lymphocytes and natural killer cell cytotoxicity. This immuno-suppression has been shown to promote tumor progression in mammary cancer cells lines. The ability of TGFβ to promote tumor progression is so well recognized that it has become a therapeutic target by some researchers. Interferon gamma (IFNγ) has been shown to inhibit mammary cancer cell proliferation and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, Lyon et al reported significantly higher circulating levels of TNFα, IL-6, and IL-8 in women with breast cancer compared to women with a negative breast biopsy. Additionally, researchers have directly correlated increased levels of IL-6 with the development and progression of breast cancer, and decreased overall survival (OAS). Conclusion: Expression of certain chemokines and cytokines is associated with development and progression of breast cancer.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a prospective study designed to analyze tumor markers and pathologic data in order to examine the prediction of tumor response to radiation therapy.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Cytokine Expression During Radiation for Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 13, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 26, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 1, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Radiation therapy
Women with non-metastatic breast cancer status post lumpectomy to negative margins and who are receiving whole breast irradiation as per standard treatment plan.
Radiation: Radiation therapy
Patients will receive whole breast radiation therapy at a dose of 180-200 centigray (cGy) per fraction for 23-27 fractions to a total dose of 4600 - 4860 cGy. Additional radiation to the lumpectomy bed (Boost) is at the discretion of the treating physician. The total dose to the tumor bed cannot exceed 6600 cGy.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Proteins Expressed Differently in Response to Receiving Radiation Therapy [ Time Frame: 2 - 4 weeks post radiation therapy ]
    Number of proteins that are expressed differently in response to receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer. The data reflect the total number of proteins pooled across all participants.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Proteins With Differential Expression by Race/Ethnicity [ Time Frame: 2 - 4 weeks post radiation therapy ]
    To asses the impact of race/ethnicity on the expression of proteins after radiation therapy for breast cancer. The data reflect the total number of proteins pooled across all participants.

  2. Number of Metabolites That Changed Differentially on the Basis of Patient Toxicity [ Time Frame: 2 - 4 weeks post radiation therapy ]
    The chemo/cytokine expression changes with respect to radiation toxicities as assessed by number of metabolites that changed differentially on the basis of patient toxicity. The data reflect the total number of metabolites pooled across all participants.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patient must be 18 years of age or older
  • Patients must have histologically confirmed (by routine H&E staining) adenocarcinoma of the breast any T, any N, M0 disease
  • Patients must have undergone a segmental mastectomy (SM) with a level I and ll axillary dissection or sentinel lymph node biopsy. Surgical margins at time of local surgery must be negative greater or equal to 2mm for both invasive carcinoma and for non-invasive ductal carcinoma Patients who have post-operative margins which are negative but less than 2mm will be considered eligible if the surgeon states that the margin in question cannot be improved.
  • Patients must be registered such that radiation therapy begins within 10 weeks of last surgery
  • Patients must have a performance status 0 or 1 by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) criteria or a 80-100 Karnofsky Performance Scale at time of consult
  • Women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients must not have received prior radiation therapy to the breast at any time for any reason
  • Patients with squamous carcinomas or sarcomas of the breast cancer are not eligible
  • Patients treated with a mastectomy are NOT eligible
  • Any patient with active local-regional disease prior to registration is not eligible
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for at least 5 years
  • Patients must not be pregnant due to the potential for fetal harm as a result of this treatment regimen. Women of child-bearing potential must use effective non hormonal contraception while undergoing radiation therapy
  • Patients must not have a serious medical or psychiatric illness which prevents informed consent or compliance with treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00836186


Locations
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United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicne
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Breast Cancer Research Foundation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jean Wright, MD Johns Hopkins University
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Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00836186    
Other Study ID Numbers: J08130
NA_00024399 ( Other Identifier: JHM IRB )
First Posted: February 4, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
Cytokine
Tumor Marker
Disparities
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases